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Unit 35 Using the Imagination. Lesson #1. Identify It: Syllable Types. Open your I-Book to page 148 Remember: When pronounced within words, some syllables are reduced to schwa. This exercise focuses on the structure of syllables and their pronunciation when not reduced to a schwa sound.
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Identify It: Syllable Types • Open your I-Book to page 148 • Remember: When pronounced within words, some syllables are reduced to schwa. This exercise focuses on the structure of syllables and their pronunciation when not reduced to a schwa sound. • Read the directions on the page and complete the activity.
Review: Syllable Types • What kind of letter follows the vowel in a closed syllable? • What letter follows the vowel in an r-controlled syllable? • What follows the vowel in an open syllable? • What is the vowel sound in an open syllable? • What follows the first vowel in a final silent e syllable? • What is the vowel sound in a final silent e syllable? • What comes after the vowel in a vowel diagraph syllable? • What is the vowel sound in most vowel diagraphs? • What is the vowel sound in a final consonant +le syllable? • What are the sound – spelling patterns in vowel diphthong syllables?
Spelling Pretest • Open your I-Book to page 149 • Write down each word I dictate to you • Correct your words • Make word/flash cards for those that you misspelled
Unit Words • Open your text book to page H157 and look through the unit words. • Identify any words that are unfamiliar to you and we will discuss them
Review: Synonyms and Antonyms • What is a synonym? • What is an example of a synonym? • What is an antonym? • What is an example of an antonym? Words that have the same or similar meanings Take and receive Words the have opposite meanings give and receive
Use the words on page H157 to find synonyms and antonyms for the following words: • Synonym for: testimony • Synonym for: prevail • Synonym for: random • Antonym for: opposite • Antonym for: disloyalty • Antonym for: uncommon • Antonym for: final deposition predominate arbitrary identical fidelity ordinary preliminary
Analogy • What is an analogy? • A similarity between two like things • Fidelity is to________ as loyal is to ______ • The relationship in both sides of the analogy must be the same. • Some of the common relationships are part/whole, synonyms, antonyms, user/object, and attribute/object • Can you make another analogy with some of the unit words?
Word Wheel • Write the word “imagination” in the middle of the word wheel. • Look at the headings around the wheel and ask clarifying questions to answer any questions that you have about how to fill in the boxes. • Use a dictionary or a thesaurus to help you find the answers.
Expression of the Day • By no stretch of the imagination • Meaning: certainly not • Example sentence: By no stretch of the imagination could he seriously be described as an artist. • Now, write your own sentence using the expression, by no stretch of the imagination.
Review: Nominative and Object Pronouns • What is a pronoun? • Function words that are used in the place of a noun. • Example: • Juan bought a red car. • He bought a red car. • He bought it.
Pronouns replace nouns in sentences • Nominative (subject) pronouns take the place of the subject in a sentence. • Sarah sings in the choir. • She sings in the choir. • Object pronouns take the place of the object in the sentence. • Maria bought the candy bar. • Maria bought it • Nominative and object pronouns usually have nouns, called antecedents, to which they refer. • Ante = before
Our animated film was nominated for an Academy Award. Much to our surprise, it won. • It is the nominative pronoun taking the place of the noun film. • The artists needed drawings and sketches to help them build the sculptures. • Them is an object pronoun taking the place of the noun artists, which is the antecedent.
Chose it: Nominative and Object Pronouns • Open your I-Book to page 149 • Read the directions and complete the exercise. • Remember: not every pronoun in this activity has an antecedent.
Pronoun Usage in Compounds • Open your student textbook to page H74 • Nominative (subject) pronouns are used as subjects and complements. • Object (object) pronouns are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions.
Incorrect: Him and the ogre lived in the swamp. • Correct: He and the ogre lived in the swamp. • Why? The pronoun is part of the compound subject, so the nominative form must be used. • Incorrect: The team of artists create the ogre and she. • Correct: The team of artists created the ogre and her. • Why? The pronoun is part of the compound direct object, so the object form should be used.
Chose it: Subject Pronoun or Object Pronoun • Open your I-Book to page 150 • Read the directions and complete the activity.
Avoiding Double Subjects • You should avoid using a subject pronoun after a subject noun. • Incorrect: Fiona she is a kind ogre. • Correct: Fiona is a kind ogre. • Why? Fiona is the subject of the sentence. The use of she after Fiona creates a double subject, which is an error in English.
White Boards • On your white boards write “YES” on one side and “NO” on the other. • I am going read you some sentences and you will tell me if it has a double subject. • If it has a double subject hold up “YES” and if it does not hold up “NO.”
The teacher he explained animation. • The students were fascinated by the explanation. • Mr. Rodriguez he illustrated many scenes in the film. • The artists they were challenged to create life-like characters. • Shrek and Fiona they were two of the characters in the movie. • The movie was made with computer-generated animation. • Artists and designers worked together on the movie. • Computer-generated animation it presents many challenges to filmmakers. • The movie took three years to make. • Children and adults they enjoyed the movie.
“The Tech of Shrek: Imagination Animated” • Have you seen the movie “Shrek?” • You are going to read a nonfiction article about Shrek. • This selection is similar to something that you might read in a magazine. • Do you like reading magazine? What is challenging about reading out of a magazine? • Magazine articles usually have pictures and graphics on the page. • Magazines also include sidebars which are boxes that contain special features or additional information that support and extend the information in the body of the main text. • Graphics, sidebars, and text all work together to present information, and it is important to read and view each in order to understand the selection.
Open your student textbook to page 144-147 • Read the title and heading of the selection. • Look at each of the photographs, read the captions, and think about the information that each photograph conveys. • Read the captions under each photograph. • Read the headings in the sidebar. • Now read the selection.
Answer It: Using Graphics and Sidebar Information • Open your I-Book to page 151-152 • Read the directions and complete the activity. • Use page 144-147 in your textbook to help answer the questions.
Internet Search • You can find quite a bit more information about Shrek on the internet. • Search for information about the making of Shrek. • After finishing researching you will compare the information that you found online with what you read in the textbook.
Review: Stressed Syllables and Schwa • Stress is the emphasis that syllables have in words. • If a syllable is stressed, the vowel is usually long or short. • If the syllable is not stressed, the vowel may be reduced. This reduced sound is called schwa. Schwa sounds like /u/ but is even more reduced.
Vowel Chart • Open your I-Book to page R4 • Find the schwa on your vowel chart • Look at the words under the schwa sign.
Schwa • Schwa is often found in the unstressed syllable of a two syllable word. • Example:lessonelectcircus • Schwa often occurs in words beginning or ending with a. • Example: about • Schwa often occurs in an unaccented syllable of a multi syllable word. • Example: definition
Listening for Stressed Syllables and Schwa • Open your I-Book to page 153 • Read the directions and complete the activity
Divide It: Unit Words • Dividing words into syllables and morpheme parts will help you read unfamiliar words. • Often times unfamiliar words are long words. It can be helpful to divide those larger words into smaller word parts to determine how to pronounce them.
Let’s divide the word: Conspicuous • Circle all of the prefixes • Underline the first vowel in the root • Underline the next vowel • Use the vowel-consonant patterns to divide the word into syllables.
Divide It • Now you try to divide it. • Choose a long word from the unit word list
Word Fluency 1 • Turn to the Unit 35 Word Fluency 1 sheet page R40 and time each other for one minute. • Do two trials for each partner. • Record the better of the two trials on the Word Fluency Chart in the Interactive Text, pg R50.
Additional Greek Combing Forms Cut out the cards from page R65 in your I-Book for unit 35 • astro = star • hemi =half • hydro = water • phys = nature, growth • mania = madness, frenzy, obsession • phobia = fear of, hatred of • sphere = circle • tech = skill, art, craft • zoo = animal • nau = ship • cyclo – wheel, circle • neur = nerve
Build It • Turn to page 154 in your I-book • Read each sentence • Fill in the blanks with the Greek combing forms to create a word to fit the provided definition • Use your morpheme cards if you need them
Review: Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns • What are pronouns? • Words that replace nouns • What do you think a possessive pronoun is? • A pronoun that shows ownership or possession. • Example: The new DVD of the movie is mine.
Any guesses about what a demonstrative pronoun is? • They are pronouns used to point out specific persons, places, or things without stating the noun. These pronouns convey a sense of distance (in time and space). • Examples: this, that, these, and those
This and its plural these are used to point out someone or something that is near to you. • That and its plural those are used to point out someone or something that is at a distance from you. • Examples: • This is our animation director, Mr. Rodriguez. • In this sentences Mr. Rodriguez is nearby and is currently the animation director. • Those are the sculptures of the characters in the movie. • In this sentence the sculptures are at a distance.
Identify It: Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns • Open your I-Book to page 155 • Read the directions and complete the activity.
Text Coherence Through Transitional Words and Phrases • Transitional words and phrases connect ideas and convey specific relationships in the text. • These terms serve different grammatical functions, but they are all used with the purpose of providing coherence to the text. • Can anyone think of a transition word or phrase? • Turn to page H132 and review
Directions: In the following sentences identify the transitional word or phrase and I will underline it and also tell me what the relationship conveys. • In addition to being enormous, Shrek, the ogre-hero, is green, grumpy, and ill-mannered. • Consequently, moviegoers wanted more Shrek. • Although the movie Shrek appears to be telling a simple story, it was challenging to make. • For example, the flowing of Fiona’s green velvet gown and every blade of grass had to move so that they looked completely real. • The filmmakers started by imagining how the original story could be make into a movie, and then conceived of new and different characters and scenes. • In summary, the filmmakers had a winning idea.
Identify It: Transitional Words and Phrases • Open your I-Book to page 156 • Read the directions and complete the activity. • Use the transitional word chart on page H132 if needed.
Passage Fluency • Turn to the Unit 34 Passage Fluency sheet, page R49, and time each other for one minute. • Do two trials for each partner. • Record the better of the two trials on the Word Fluency Chart in the Interactive Text, pg R52.
How to write a resume • What is a resume? • Write down everything that you know about resumes. • The word resume comes from French and means summary. • A resume is a document that people write to summarize their skills, accomplishments, education, and work experience; they use their resume when they look for a job or apply to college.
Open your I-Book to page 157 and 158 • Read the resume and: • Circle all of the action verbs that describe jobs in the section titled: Employment • Underline gerunds used to describe jobs in the section titled: Employment
Write It: Resume • Open your I-Book to page 159-160 • Read the directions and complete the activity
Listening for Stressed Syllables • Open your I-Book to page 161 • Read the directions and complete the activity