Great Britain England Scotland Wales
Facts and Figures • Where is Great Britain? Great Britain is an island located in the northwest of continental Europe and east of Ireland. The English Channel and North Sea separate the island from the European continent. It is the ninth-largest and third most populous island in the world. It is surrounded by over 1,000 smaller islands and islets. Great Britain is a political term to describe England, Scotland and Wales. It is different from The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island, since United Kingdom includes Northern Ireland as well. • What is the capital of Great Britain? England, Scotland and Wales form the island of Great Britain. The capital of these countries are:England: LondonScotland: EdinburghWales: Cardiff • The Capital of Northern Island is Belfast
Facts and Figures • When is the National Day of Great Britain celebrated? • England: April 23, also known as St George's Day. Saint George is the patron saint of England. A sixth-century story reveals that Saint George rescued a maiden by slaying a fire-breathing dragon. His name was shouted by English Knights who fought beneath the red-cross banner of St George during the Hundred Years War. • Scotland: November 30, also known as St Andrew's Day. Saint Andrew was one of the Twelve Apostles and brother of Simon Peter or Saint Peter. He is the patron saint of Scotland. The Scottish flag is the cross of St. Andrew. • Wales: March 1, also known as St David's Day. Saint David is the patron saint of Wales. He was a Celtic monk, abbot and bishop who spread the word of Christianity across Wales in sixth century.
Facts and Figures • What is the religion of Great Britain? The largest religion in Great Britain is Christianity. The Anglican Church of England is the established church. 71.6% of the population follows Christianity; other religions are Islam(2.8%), Hinduism(1%), Sikhism(0.6%), Judaism(.05%) and Buddhism(0.3%). 15% of the population stated that they had no religious inclination while 7% stated no religious preference. • What is the literacy rate of Great Britain? Average literacy rate of Great Britain is 99%. • Who is the political leader of Great Britain? England is a constitutional monarchy and has a parliamentary system. It is governed by the parliament of the United Kingdom. Scotland's head of state is the monarch of United Kingdom and it also has a representation in the UK parliament. Both Wales and Scotland have partial self-government within the United Kingdom. • The prime minister of the United Kingdom is David William Donald Cameron. He was sworn into office on May 11 2011. The current monarch of Great Britain is Elizabeth II. She is also the constitutional monarch of the sixteen sovereign states known as the Commonwealth realms.
Kings and Queens of England Anglo-Saxon Danes Normans Plantagenets Yorkists Lancastrians Tudors Stuarts Hanoverians Orange Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Windsor
Famous Historical Events • 1066 – Battle of Hastings, William The Conqueror • 1337 – 100 year war with France begins • 1455 – The War of Roses begins • 1564 – William Shakespeare is baptized • 1605 – Gunpowder plot “Nov 5th” • 1611 – The King James Bible is published • 1653 – Oliver Cromwell rules as Lord Protector • 1665 – The Great Plague of London • 1666 – The Great Fire of London • 1768 – Captain Cook leads expedition to Pacific • 1805 – Battle of Trafalgar • 1838 – Charles Dickens “Oliver Twist” is published • 1908 – Olympic Games opens at White City in London • 1914 – Britain declares war on Germany – World War 1 begins • 1953 – Queen Elizabeth II coronation at Westminster Abbey
English Culture • Living Conditions – Now and recent past • Class and Social systems • Government – Country and County • Accents and slang – Cockney. Blokes. • Traditions • Weather • Clothing • Spelling • Memories - what we think of: • The French • The Americans • The Aussies
Monetary system After the Norman Conquest in 1066, the pound was divided into twenty shillings or 240 pennies. It remained so until decimalization (D-day) on 15 February 1971. Old money was divided into: • pounds (£) • shillings (s) • pence (d) What's a Guinea?A guinea = £1-1s-0d = one pound and one shilling = 21 shillings A guinea was considered a more gentlemanly amount than £1. You paid tradesmen, such as a carpenter, in pounds but gentlemen, such as an artist, in guineas. New Money • 100 pence to the pound
Food • English food is often considered bland by non-English people • Examples of traditional English Food • Cornish Pasties • Shepherds Pie • Sausage Rolls • Scones • Strawberry Cream Teas • Battenberg • Plowman's Lunch • Fish and Chips • Marmite
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Questions? About England?