In this section you will learn how state delegates attempted to solve the problems of the Articles of Confederation.
The states send delegates to a convention to solve the problems of the Articles of Confederation
*Delegates from 5 states meet to create national trade laws *Call for national meeting in Philadelphia *Afraid of rebellion, 12 states (except Rhode Island) send delegates
55 state delegates meet at Constitutional Convention in PhiladelphiaDelegates include George Washington, Benjamin Franklin,One of the ablest delegates is James Madison
Delegates want to create government strong enough to maintain order • But also want government that protects people’s rights.
George Washington elected president of the Constitutional Convention. • Delegates do not want decisions influenced by political pressures • To ensure this, they decide that discussions will remain secret
The Virginia Plan divides government into 3 branches:-legislature makes the laws-executive enforces the laws-judiciary interprets the laws
Legislature has two housesRepresentation is based on each state’s population or wealth • Larger states support the plan, smaller states oppose • Smaller states are afraid larger states will control them
FOR UNDERSTANDING QUICK CHECK
The purpose of the Constitutional Convention was: • to divide up the lands west of • the Appalachian Mountains. • 2) to resolve problems with the • Articles of Confederation. • 3) to declare independence from Great Britain • 4) to set up a confederate governmental system.
. The Constitutional Convention was held in: 1) 1785 2) 1787 3) 1789 4) 1791
1)Thomas Jefferson 2) John Adams 3)James Madison 4) Patrick Henry Who of the following was present at the Constitutional Convention?
3)James Madison 4) Benjamin Franklin 1) George Washington 2) Patrick Henry Who of the following was absent from the Constitutional Convention?
1)George Washington 2) Benjamin Franklin 3) James Madison 4) Edmond Randolph ______ served as the president of the convention.
1) Great Compromise 2) delegates from Philadelphia 3) Three-Fifths Compromise 4) Virginia Plan The ______, proposed a government with three branches.
1) an executive, a legislative, and a congressional. 2) an executive, a litigious, and a judiciary. 3)an elite, a legislative, and a judiciary. 4) an executive, a legislative, and a judiciary. The three branches proposed by the Virginia Plan were:
New Jersey Plan is an alternative plan for U.S. government-legislature has one house-each state has one vote
Delegates voted for the Virginia Plan over the New Jersey Plan • Delegates pass the Great Compromise
Each state is given equal votes in the senate: this satisfies the small states • State’s population determines representation in House of Representatives: This satisfies the larger states
Delegates place few limits on Congress’s power to regulate commerce • Southerners succeed in banning Congress from taxing imports • Native Americans are not foreign nations or part of separate states
The Legislative branch would have two houses. Both houses in the Legislature would assign representatives by state population or wealth. The Legislature would have one House. Each state would have one vote in the Legislature. The Great Compromise • The Legislature would have two houses. • The Senate would give each state equal representation. • The House of Representatives would have representation according to state population.
Southern states want slaves counted for representation, not for taxes • Northern states want slaves counted for taxes, not for representation • To solve the dispute, delegates agree to the Three-Fifths Compromise
3/5 of slave population counts for direct taxes • 3/5 of slave population counts for representation • Debate, delegates agree that slave trade cannot be banned until 1808
On September 15, 1787 delegates approve the Constitution • Constitution sent to the states for ratification
FOR UNDERSTANDING QUICK CHECK
1) Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan 2) Madison Plan, Randolph Plan 3) Carolina Plan, New York Plan 4) Monroe Plan, Jefferson Plan The ______ proposed a legislature with two houses, the members of which were based on the population and wealth of each state. The ______ suggested a single house where each state had equal value.
1) Virginia Plan 2) Federalist Papers 3) Great Compromise 4) New Jersey Plan The ______ created a legislative branch with two houses, one based on the population of each state, and one that gave an equal voice to each state.
1)Three-Fifths Compromise 2) Missouri Compromise 3) Virginia Plan 4) Articles of Confederation For purposes of taxation and representation in the House of Representatives, the ______ counted slaves as partial citizens.
1) slaves 2) commerce 3) exports 4) incomes Congress was granted the power to regulate, promote and tax______, make treaties, and be the sole coiner of money.