Unit 3 TEXT B • Rich Meeting His Future Mother-in-law
争得某人的支持 不自然的笑容 从头到脚，遍布全身 在某人掌握中,听某人支配 win sb over forced smile from head to toe in one’s finger Words and Phrases
比我年纪小 长得很结实 体格健美的，体型匀称的 屏息 be one’s junior compactly built well-built hold one's breath
以某人的名义; 代表某人 水痘 毫无头绪， 什么也不知道 梅干菜炖肉 on sb’s behalf chicken pox not have a clue steamed pork and preserved vegetable
尝了一小口 酱油 幽默感 在某人看来，在某人眼中 安置某人睡觉 相处得很好 taste a small bite soy sauce sense of humor in one’s eyes put sb. to bed hit it off
她是反对这个主意的，但是我确信我能把她争取过来。她是反对这个主意的，但是我确信我能把她争取过来。 • She's against the idea, but I'm sure I can win her over. • 你能为我切一片很薄的蛋糕吗？ • Could you slice me a very thin piece of cake?
信任是成功婚姻的关键要素。 • Trust is a key ingredient in a successful marriage. • 孩子们浑身上下都是泥。 • The children were covered in mud from head to toe.
要是你了解任何有关最近车站所发生事情的情况，请与警方联系。 • If you have any information concerning the recent event at the station, please contact the police.
每当他走进房间的时候，她就要起一身鸡皮疙瘩。每当他走进房间的时候，她就要起一身鸡皮疙瘩。 • She would get goose bumps whenever he walked into the room. • 你预料到会遇到什么困难吗？ • Do you anticipate meeting any trouble? • 我穿着那条有绿点点的裙子。 • I wore that skirt with the green spots.
肯没出席，所以我将代表他领奖。 • Ken is not present, so I shall accept the prize on his behalf. • 全国都紧张地等待着消息。 • The whole country held its breath as it waited for news.
她因领导不力而受到了点名批评。 • She was criticized by name for her lack of leadership. • 如果你不给我一点提示的话，我是绝对猜不到答案的。 • I'm never going to guess the answer if you don't give me a clue.
come up with (L1) • come up with • vt [no pass.] infml to think of (a plan, reply, etc.); produce 提出,拿出 • I came up with a better plan than that.
put up with • vt infml to suffer (something annoying or unpleasant) without complaining容忍 • We have to put up with her bad temper.
keep up with to remain level 赶上 • I had to run to keep up (with the girls). • They could not keep up with us when we climbed the mountain.
catch up with to come up from behind and reach the same point or level as 赶上 • You walk on and I'll catch up with you later • I have to work hard to catch up with the other students.
同位语从句 (L6) • 同位语从句，就是对某些名词做进一步的解释的句子。 • I’mgreatlyshockedwhenIheardthenewsthathisfatherdiedyesterday.Wehavetofacethefactthatthe weatherisunexpectedlybad.
定语从句的引导词that在句子中作成分（主语或宾语），而同位语从句中的that为连词，只起连接主句和从句之作用，不作任何成分。 • I’vegotananswerthatAisright.I’ vegotananswerthatsurprisedmealot.
能接同位语从句的名词有： • belief, fact, idea, doubt,rumor,evidence, proof, conclusion, suggestion, problem, order, answer, discovery, explanation, principle, possibility, truth, promise, report, statement, knowledge, opinion, likelihood
同位语一般由that引导，但也可以有关系代词 which, who, what 和关系副词when, where, why, how或 whether 引Therearosethequestionwhetherwecouldwinthegame. • Ihavenoideahowtoexplainit.
一些介词词组后面也能引导同位语从句。（非常经典的功能句式，可用于四六级和托福作文，不妨一试！）ontheground(由于… …原因)ontheconditionthat（在… …条件下）ontheassumption(假设在…. …情况下)withtheexception（有… …例外）owingtothefact（由于… …事实）ontheunderstanding(基于… …理解)Theyoungladypromisedtomarrytheoldmanontheconditionthatheboughtheravilla.一些介词词组后面也能引导同位语从句。（非常经典的功能句式，可用于四六级和托福作文，不妨一试！）ontheground(由于… …原因)ontheconditionthat（在… …条件下）ontheassumption(假设在…. …情况下)withtheexception（有… …例外）owingtothefact（由于… …事实）ontheunderstanding(基于… …理解)Theyoungladypromisedtomarrytheoldmanontheconditionthatheboughtheravilla.
L8 away • ad. 表示一个将来的动作 • 距离考试还有六周。 • The exams are still six weeks away. • 华盛顿高峰会议将在一个多月后举行. • The Washington _______ is over a month away. • summit
L10. cube • cube: cut sth. Into thin wide flat pieces • cube the vegetables 把蔬菜切成小方块 • cube the meat 把肉切成丁儿
L12.She can only cook looking at directions. My instructions are in my fingers. • I am so skilled that I can prepare and cook without much thinking as if my fingers did it by themselves.
In one’s fingers • have sth at one’s finger-tips (ends) • He has all the information at his finger-tips. • He masters several languages. • He has several languages at his finger-tips. • He had all the figures, all the facts at his finger-ends.
L17. • 他们把他从头到脚地打量了一番。 • They looked him over from head/top to toe.
L19. criticism • His critical works are now more highly valued than his creative works. • At that critical moment, he didn’t show any sign of fluster. 慌乱 • The teacher criticized his carelessness. • 批评家，评论家 • critic
L22 on the ..side 有点儿… • 这条新裤子有点大。 • These new trousers are a bit on the large side. • 天气有点凉. • The weather is on the cold side. • solidly built 身材结实 • a well-built man 体格强壮的人
forgettable (L23) • forgetful [+of] having the habit of forgetting 健忘的, 易忘的 • He tends to be forgetful of his manners. • My aunt has become rather forgetful in her old age. • My old uncle has become rather forgetful.
forgettable likely to be forgotten 容易被忘的, 可忘记的 • a movie with very forgettable characters. • unforgettable (of an experience) too strong in effect to be forgotten 忘不了的, 令人难忘的 • The colors of Africa in the spring are unforgettable. • It was an unforgettable experience.
L29 • 每当他走进房间的时候，她就要起一身鸡皮疙瘩。 • She would get goose bumps whenever he walked into the room • Kill the goose that lays the golden eggs. • The older the goose the harder to pluck.拔毛
L30 On behalf of • AmE in behalf of • in/on sb’s behalf • 我代表我的母亲写了几封信。 • I wrote several letters on my mother’s behalf. • 多谢你为我费心。 • Thank you so much for all the trouble you have taken on my behalf.
法定监护人应该维护这个孩子的利益。 • The ________ guardian must act on behalf of the child. • legal
L32. Innocent • He is ignorant of the crime. • He is innocent of the crime. • He is so ______ as to believe everything he hears. • Her face was _______of make-up. • He is so ______ as to mistake Australia for Austria. innocent innocent ignorant
L43. As • As 为关系代词,引导定语从句,其先行词可以是一个名词词组,一个从句,一个句字. • 众所周知，她极受学生的欢迎。 • As is well-known, she is very popular among her students. • 此句中, as指下面的整个句子she is very popular among her students.
as引导定语从句时与which的区别 • as引导定语从句修饰一句话时可以在主句前，也可以在主句。在主句后时可以变成which,但在主句前时不可以。 • Things then improved, as/which was unexpected.
L44 • 说几句话; 作短评 • make a few remarks • 随后情况有了起色, 这是始料未及的。 • Things then improved, _________was unexpected. • 这机会太好了, 千万不能错过。 • It is too good an opportunity to miss. • 你做练习越仔细越好。 as / which
L48. • too…to 句型前加only 成肯定意气。 • 能够帮你忙, 真是太高兴了。 • We were only too pleased to be able to help you. • 我非常愉快接受你的邀请。 • I am only too delighted to accept your invitation.
proclaim etc. (L49) • They all mean to make known publicly • declare v. [ +for/ +against/ +that-cl] implies explicitness and usu. formality in making known 宣布；声明；表示 Russia thereupon declared war upon Turkey. • We declared for their proposal.
announce v. [+that-cl] implies declaration, esp. for the first time, of sth that is of interest of is intended to satisfy curiosity 宣布，发布 • He announced to his friends his engagement to Miss White. • The captain announced that the plane was going to land.
proclaim vt. [+that/to be] implies a clear, forceful, authoritative oral declaring 宣告，公布，声明 • They proclaimed that he was a traitor. • The ringing bells proclaimed the end of the war. • The boy was proclaimed king.
publish v. implies making public, esp. through print 公布，宣布 • He has published many works through the Commercial Press.
Exercise • 1. The rules and regulations will be __________ in the newspapers. • 2. The new Congress _________ a state of war with Germany. • 3. The vote was completed. The chairman ___________ the result. • 4. The Government ___________ a state of emergency. published declared announced proclaimed
他依然声称自己相信那种理论。 • He still proclaims himself a believer in that theory. • china spoons / cups • 瓷匙 / 杯 • china shop • 瓷器店 • a set of china • 一套瓷器
armful basketful bowlful bellyful 一抱之量 一满篮, 一满筐 满碗 满腹, 满肚子; 过多的量 -ful[加在名词之后, 构成名词]表示“充满...所需之量”
eyeful handful mouthful roomful spoonful 满眼, 满眶, 一瞥所见 一把；一撮 ；少数 满口；一口 满房间, 满屋的人 一匙
L57 hit it off • hit it off: very well, perfectly (口） • 我和他相处得很好。 • He and I hit it off well with each other.
A comes from London, and B lives in Hong Kong. They are comparing the weather in the two cities. • A and B are Chinese students. A is a southerner, and B comes from the north. They are comparing the climate in the north and the south.