Monday, October 17 – Reading Science Reading Science Questions The diagram shows an energy pyramid for a marshland ecosystem. According to the diagram, the greatest loss of energy takes place between A) producers and first-order consumers. B) first-order and second-order consumers. C) first-order and third-order consumers. D) second-order and third-order consumers. A) producers and first-order consumers
I love reading! I love this class! Elements of Literature
Six Main Elements of Literature 1) Conflict – the struggle 2) Plot – the series of events • Character – a person in a short story, novel, or play • Setting - 5) Theme – The grand truth 6) Point of View – Time, place, and general conditions of a work vantage point from which a story is told
I. The Conflict A. What is it? 1. The struggle between two opposing forces 2. The problem in the story
????? Example from The Outsiders:
a) Man versus man b) Man versus society c) Man versus nature • There are 4 Types of Conflict! 1) There are _________________________________ __________________________which means they ________________________________________________________ ___________________________________. three types of external conflict all involve an outside source of conflict or struggle
Man vs. self 2) There is one more, the internal conflict which means the conflict that goes on within the character himself/herself.
A. Exposition - • The conditions present at the beginning of the story. 2. Background information
B. Inciting Incident - • The first evidence of conflict in the story. 2. Where the action starts
????? Example from The Outsiders:
C) Rising Action 1) Sequence of events occurring between the inciting incident and the climax 2) Events in the rising action should relate to the conflict
Example of rising action from The Outsiders: ????? Etc. – all the way to the . . .
D) Climax - 1. The highest point of interest or emotion in the story. 2. The point where the two opposing forces are strongest.
E. Falling Action 1. Events leading to the end of the conflict. 2. The outcome of the conflict
An example of falling action from The Outsiders: ????? Etc. – all the way to the . . .
F. Resolution / Denouement ( Day new mõh ) 1. The end of the conflict 2. Events that end the story
A. Protagonist 1. The main character 2. The hero 3. The character that the reader becomes emotionally involved with.
B. Antagonist 1. The character who goes up against the protagonist in the man versus man conflict. 2. The villain
Dynamic character - C) There are two types of characters in literature. who changes as a result of the conflict, 1)
2) Static character the character who staysthe same.
D. How to watch for Character Development - What a character says, thinks, and feels Way a character acts What others say about the character How others act toward the character 1. 2. 3. 4.
E. Character Traits 1. Physical Traits- how a character looks; (appearance) Emotional Traits- 2. how a character acts, his/ her emotions, inner thoughts also determined by what he says
IV. Setting Role of setting Background for action Adds details necessary to the story Drives the action of the plot; (The story couldn’t take place in a different setting) A. 1. 2. 3.
B. Setting includes 1. Time – when story occurs; (could be as specific as second or as broad as year, decade, century, era, etc.) 2. Place – where the story takes place; (could be as specific as a particular building, or as broad as a solar system) 3. Conditions/context – what is the social or political situation
V. Theme - A. The Grand Truth!! What the protagonist learns The main idea of the story What the reader can take and apply to his/her life May be directly stated, but is often simply implied 1. 2. 3. 4.
The THEME is different from the topic, what the story is about. For example: The topic of the movie RUDY is football, but the theme is: NEVER GIVE UP!
The THEME is different from the topic, what the story is about. For example: The topic of the novel, The Outsiders, is _____________________________________________________________ but the theme is: ___________________________________________________
VI. Point of View A. First Person – the narrator is involved in the action and refers to him/herself as “I” Third Person – the narrator is outside the action and refers to characters as “he” or “she” Third Person Omniscient – the narrator knows every character’s thoughts B. C.
The Outsiders How can you apply these elements of literature to The Outsiders?