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Objective 5.01. Evaluate the influence of immigration and rapid industrialization on urban life. Essential Questions. • How did immigration and industrialization shape urban life? • How did the rapid industrialization of the Gilded Age create economic, social, and political change in the U.S.?
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Objective 5.01 Evaluate the influence of immigration and rapid industrialization on urban life.
Essential Questions • How did immigration and industrialization shape urban life? • How did the rapid industrialization of the Gilded Age create economic, social, and political change in the U.S.? • Did immigration and rapid industrialization have a positive or negative impact on the economic and social structure of the United States?
Thomas Edison • Opened a research laboratory, invented the light bulb among other things
Alexander Graham Bell • Inventor of the telephone
Elevator • Invented by Werner Von Siemans, contributed to the development of skyscrapers.
Electric Trolley • Developed to transport people from one part of New York to another.
Typewriter • Invented by Christopher Sholes, changed the way that businesses maintained records, also the name of the person that used the machine
Ellis Island • Induction center for immigrants arriving from Europe
Culture Shock • Initial reaction of the immigrants entering the country for the first time
Melting Pot • Mixing of many different cultures to form a culture
Cultural Pluralism • Many cultures together in one place with each maintaining their identity
Nativism • Favoring native born people over immigrants
Urbanization • City’s population continues to expand
Dumbbell Tenements • One room apartments for immigrants, overcrowded and unsanitary
Jacob Riis • New York police reporter, took pictures of the urban poor and exposed the conditions of the tenement houses
Sweatshop • Workers worked for long hours at low pay, child labor, poor working conditions
Jane Addams • Set up a settlement house in Chicago called the Hull House
Settlement Houses • Community centers set up for immigrants to provide food, clothing, shelter, education, recreation and social interaction
Chinese Exclusion Act • Limited immigration from China to teachers, merchants, business leaders, and diplomats
Amusement Parks • Coney Island, place where people could go to escape industrial life for a while, 1st hotdogs, entertainment, thrill rides
Spectator Sports • Boxing and Baseball were the most popular from the late 1800’s to the early 1900’s Jack Johnson
Frederick Olmstead • Designed Central Park in New York as a getaway from urban life.
Elevator Electric trolleys Telephone Alexander Graham Bell Thomas Edison Typewriter “New” immigrants vs.“Old” immigrants Jacob Riis Ellis Island Settlement houses Jane Addams Dumbbell tenements Chinese Exclusion Act Sweatshops Amusement parks Spectator sports Frederick Law Olmsted QuizChoose 5 and describe their impact on the period of Immigration and Urbanization