America Enters the WarChapter 20 Section 4 Presented by: Gabby BlackRoland Olayvar Janelle Olayvar Jeremy Warzewick
Neutrality • After the horrors of World War 1, many citizens of the United States of America demanded the U.S. remain neutral. • Neutrality Act of 1937 • Revised in 1939 The revision allowed the U.S. to give supplies to warring nations. • Most supplies are given to Great Britain.
Debate Among the Citizens • Many of the citizens are split on the ideas of neutrality. • Three committees are formed based on three views. • America First Committee • Complete Isolation • Fight for Freedom Committee • War intervention • Committee to Defend America • Aid warring allies, no intervention
Franklin D. Roosevelt Re-elected 1939 – 1941 Wendell Willkie campaigned against Roosevelt The Four Freedoms1. Freedom of Speech/expression everywhere 2. Freedom of Worship 3. Secure a healthy peacetime life for every nation and all of it’s inhabitation 4. Freedom from fear
Insufficiency and Adaption By December 1940, Great Britain can no longer pay for supplies. President Roosevelt proposes the Lend-Lease Act Allows warring nations to borrow supplies from the U.S. if they promise to repay in the future. The law was passed as many citizens supported Great Britain.
Problems Arise German submarines interfere with Britain ships. Britain does not have enough ships to defend itself. President Roosevelt claimed the western half of the Atlantic Ocean neutral, this idea became known as the hemisphere defense zone. As Commander-in-Chief, Roosevelt order the Navy to reveal submarine locations to Great Britain.
Problems Continue • President FDR and Winston Churchill negotiated and agreed on the Atlantic Charter • Committed any signing nation to a postwar democracy. • German submarines attack U.S. Navy ships. • President Roosevelt issued a “shoot-on-sight” policy towards German submarines.
Pacific Involvement Due to the conflicts in the Atlantic Ocean, Britain is forced to transfer it’s Navy from it’s South-East Asian colonies. Japan, who relies on strategic materials, from the U.S., attacks and threatens British. Congress gives Roosevelt the ability to restrict strategic material sales. Roosevelt embargoes materials against Japan unless it stopped advances towards British colonies.
Japanese Deception • Japan and the U.S.A. begin negotiations to end the embargo. • The latest talks favor American desires. • On the 7th of December, 1941, Pearl Harbor is attacked by the Empire of Japan. • 188 planes are destroyed • 1,178 people are injured • 2,403 people killed • The U.S. declares war on Japan, December 8th.
Common Declaration • Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan are allies. • Their Pact did not require one nation to aid the other if said nation initiated hostile activity. • Hitler was irritated by the damage the U.S. caused on German Submarines. Or U-Boats • Germany and Italydeclared war on the U.S.A
Question 1 In what year was the Neutrality Act revised? 1941 1923 1920 1939
Question 2 How many committees were formed based on the citizens views? 5 4 3 6
Question 3 Who campaigned against Roosevelt Obama Wendell Willkie FDR Washington
Question 4 The Lend-Lease Act was passed because many citizens supported? Great Britain Japan Europe United States
Question 5 Who developed the hemisphere-defense act? Wendell Willkie Roosevelt Hitler Italy
Question 6 President FDR and Winston Churchill agreed on the…? Hemisphere-Defense Act Neutrality Act Pacific Charter Atlantic Charter
Question 7 Who relied on the Strategic Materials from the U.S.? Great Britain Japan Australia Europe
Question 8 In what year was Pearl Harbor attacked by Japan? 1923 1941 1920 1943
Question 9 After WW2, who declared war on the U.S.A.? Germany & Italy Japan & Germany Australia Nobody
Question 10 What was the German boats otherwise known as? U-Boats German Boats SSR Hitler