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Important People

Important People

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Important People

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  1. Important People U.S. History 1877-Present

  2. Jonathan Trumball • Only Colonial Governor. • Sided with George Washington; supplied his army. • First State Governor of Connecticut. Revolution Era

  3. John Hancock • President of Continental Congress. • Signed Declaration of Independence. • Signature became symbol of freedom in the colonies. Revolution Era

  4. John Jay • Federalist • Co-Author Federalist Papers. • Written to convince the ratification of the new constitution. • 1st Chief Justice of Supreme Court. Constitution Era

  5. John Witherspoon • Leading member of Continental Congress. • Supported Independence. • President of Princeton. • Scottish immigrant. Revolution Era

  6. John Peter Muhlenberg • Minister • Member of the Black Regiment. • Favored Independence • Founding Father Revolution Era

  7. Charles Carroll • Wealthiest man in colonies. • Financed revolution with his own money. • Fought for Catholic recognition in America. Revolution Era

  8. Benjamin Rush • “father of the American medicine” • Signer Declaration of Independence. • Reformer –women and African-Americans. • Founded African Methodist Episcopal Church. Revolution Era

  9. Political Machines • Corrupt • Provided basic services to immigrants • Expected votes • Controlled city government • Made millions on overpriced city contracts. Gilded Age

  10. Andrew Carnegie • One of America’s richest and most powerful men. • Founded Carnegie Steel, 1892. • Sold steel to railroad companies for tracks. • Upon his death, his money was given away. Gilded Age

  11. Henry Ford • Automobile manufacturer. • Introduced assembly line production. • Model T – 1905 • Wanted to manufacture a car that everyone could afford. Gilded Age

  12. Glenn Curtis • Aviation pioneer • Designed a plane that could take off and land in water. • Marked the birth of U.S. Naval Aviation. Gilded Age

  13. William Jennings Bryan • Prosecuting attorney for the State of Tennessee v. John Scopes • Unsuccessful bid for the presidency against William McKinley, 1896 & 1900. Progressive Era

  14. Muckrakers • Writers • Exposed abuses of industrial society. • Exposed government corruption. Progressive Era

  15. Populist Party • Group who supported more government intervention. • End oppression, injustice, poverty.

  16. Progressive Party • Believed in Progress • Middle-class city dwellers • Correct injustices during industrialization • Balance between rich and poor

  17. Jane Adams • Progressive • Established “settlement houses” for the poor • Community centers provided: • Child-care • Medical services • English lesson Progressive Era

  18. Theodore Roosevelt • Became president when McKinley was assassinated. • 1901-1909 • Progressive reformer • Stronger Foreign Policy • “Speak softly and carry a big stick” Progressive Era

  19. Upton Sinclair • Activist writer for social justice • “The Jungle” • Reform for better quality of processed meats. Progressive Era

  20. Sanford B. Dole • Lawyer Hawaii • Advocated westernization of Hawaii • Led provisional government while annexation was worked out. Spanish American War Era

  21. Clarence Darrow • Defended workers from Pullman Railway company. • Defended John Scopes right to teach Evolution in schools. • First trial to be broadcast on live radio. • Scopes lost, $1 fine set aside.

  22. John J. Pershing • Army General • Commander in Chief American Expeditionary Forces • World War I World War I Era

  23. Alvin York • Drafted to army at 29 • Used a rifle and pistol to kill 25 Germans • Captured 132 prisoners • Battle of Argonne Forrest World War I

  24. Alfred Thayer Mahan • Fought in Civil War • The Influence of Sea Power Upon History • “The strength of a nation’s navy was the key to strong foreign policy.” • Most important American strategist of 19th century.

  25. Henry Cabot Lodge • Chairman Foreign Affairs Committee • Successfully led the U.S. against participation in League of Nations • Felt it threatened Sovereignty of U.S. World War I Era

  26. Franklin D. Roosevelt • President U.S. 1933-1945 • Only president to serve 12 years. • World-wide economic depression • World War II • Promised American’s new hope through New Deal legislation. World War II Era

  27. Vernon Baker • First African-American soldier to see combat World War II • Selfless sacrifice • Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor by President Bill Clinton. World War II Era

  28. Flying Tigers • American volunteer fighter pilots • Send supplies and engage in combat • Destroyed more than 300 Japanese aircraft. World War II Era

  29. Tuskegee Airmen • African American Pilots • Duty was to provide escort to pilots on bombing missions. World War II Era

  30. Navajo Code Talkers • United States Marine Corp • Developed a code based on their native language to secretly transmit tactical messages. World War II Era

  31. Charles Lindbergh • First to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.

  32. Harry S. Truman • President U.S. after death of FDR. • Decision to drop Atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki • Ended the war with Japan. World War II Era

  33. Omar Bradley • Known as the “soldiers general” • Commander U.S. ground forces • Landed in Normandy invasion • “Armistice Day is a constant reminder that we won a war and lost a peace” World War II Era

  34. Dwight Eisenhower • President U.S. 1953-1961 • 5 Star General United States Army • Supreme Commander of D-Day and Allied invasion of Europe. • 1951 – First Supreme Commander of NATO. World War II Era

  35. Douglas MacArthur • General of U.S. Army • Led forces in Pacific and Korea • Fired by President Harry S. Truman • Insubordinate in his authority in trying to stir up another war with China. World War II Era

  36. Chester A. Nimitz • Appointed Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. • Battle of Midway destroying Japanese superior strength in the Pacific Ocean. • Led the U.S. to victory in the Pacific. • Accepted the surrender of Japan. World War II Era

  37. George Marshall • Chief of Staff • “organizer of victory” • Chief Military Advisor to FDR. World War II Era

  38. George Patton • Unconventional military leader. “old Blood and guts” • Believed that soldiers must have “killer instinct” • Expert Tank Warfare. • lead the 7th U.S. army to victory at the invasion of Sicily. • swept across France, capturing town after town World War II Era

  39. Susan B. Anthony • Quaker • Reformer • Joined Women’s Rights Movement 1852 • Advocate for Women’s Suffrage • Aimed at “and justice for all.” Reform Civil Rights Era

  40. Ida B. Wells • Born to Slaves • African American Leader • Advocate for African American Justice. • Worked to end lynching. Civil Rights Era

  41. Martin Luther King, Jr. • Civil Rights Advocate for justice for African Americans • Non-violent measures • “I have a Dream” speech • ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the South and other areas of the nation, • creation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Civil Rights Era

  42. Cesar Chavez • Civil Rights Advocate for Mexican-Americans 1950’s • Fought for rights of Migrant Workers • Formed United Farm Workers Union. • Called for boycotts and non-violent demonstrations. Civil Rights Era

  43. Rosa Parks • 1955 NAACP member • Refused to surrender seat to a white person on a bus to Montgomery, Alabama. • 13 Month boycott of buses brought world attention to the cause. Civil Rights Era

  44. Hector P. Garcia • World War II Veteran • Surgeon • First Mexican-American to serve on U.S. Commission of Civil Rights • Founded the American GI Forum, 1948 Corpus Christi, Texas. Civil Rights Era

  45. Betty Friedan • The Feminine Mystique • sparking the "second wave" of American feminism in the 20th century. • aimed to bring women "into the mainstream of American society in full equal partnership with men". Civil Rights Era

  46. Black Panthers • African-American activist group • Demanded greater opportunities, such as: • Full employment • Decent housing • Education • Freedom to determine their destiny Civil Rights Era

  47. Governor George Wallace • Alabama Governor • Favored segregation • Stood at the door of the University of Alabama to try to prevent two African-American students from entering. • Claimed “states rights” Civil Rights Era

  48. Orval Faubus • Governor Arkansas • Favored segregation • “Little Rock 9” not his concern. • Had National Guard protect all white high school to prevent their entrance. Civil Rights Era

  49. Lester Maddox • 1965 • Restaurant owner • Refused to allow African-Americans in his establishment • Wielded an axe handle at an African American. • Sold his place • Ran for Governor of Georgia and WON! Civil Rights Era

  50. Phyllis Schlafly • Criticized Women’s Liberation movement. • Campaigned against the Equal Rights Movement • Felt this would jeopardize the right of women to be supported by men. Civil Rights Era