Compound Sentences Brenham Writing Room Created by D. Herring
What is a Compound Sentence? • A compound sentence contains two or more simple sentences. • A sentence is also called an Independent Clause. • A compound sentence joins two or more independent clauses. • Each independent clause is of equal importance.
Joining Complete Ideas • Two complete, equal ideas (independent clauses) can be joined in several ways: • Add a comma & coordinating conjunction • Add a semicolon • Add a semicolon and conjunctive adverb
Using a Comma & Coordinating Conjunction to Join Ideas • A coordinating conjunction joins two complete ideas and indicates the connection between them. • Coordinating Conjunctions are also known as FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). • Use a comma & coordinating conjunction to join two independent clauses. • He plays the guitar, and he also sings. • This class is difficult, but it is important for my future.
Using a Semicolon to Join Ideas • A semicolon can be used to join two independent clauses. • If you join two independent clauses using a semicolon, they must • Be of equal importance • Be closely related • Actually be independent clauses (complete sentences)
Using Semicolons continued. . . • Related: I was an excellent high school student; I hope to also do well in college. • Unrelated: In high school, I was a cheerleader; I hope to do well in college. • Two Independent Clauses: We went to class; then we all went to the movies. • NOT: We went to class; then to the movies.
Use a Semicolon and Conjunctive Adverb to Join Ideas • After the semicolon, use a conjunctive adverb to indicate relationship. • A conjunctive adverb is a transitional word that indicates relationship and is used to join two closely-related, equal thoughts. • Conjunctive adverbs are also known as Transitional expressions • See list on pg. 261 in Little, Brown Handbook • Add a semicolon and conjunctive adverb to join ideas • She passed the final exam; however, she didn’t pass the course. • I studied for several hours; therefore, I passed the test.
Punctuation with Coordination • When joining two sentences (complete thoughts) with a coordinating conjunction, remember to use a comma. • We went to the mall, and then we went to eat. • When joining two sentences with a conjunctive adverb, use a semicolon between the sentences and follow the conjunctive adverb with a comma. • He didn’t pass the test; however, he passed the class.