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Guess Who?. Jerome Bruner. Who is he? Background? What did he do? Connections to other theories? Vygotsky Piaget Practical Implications? Plenary?. Who is he?.
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Jerome Bruner • Who is he? Background? • What did he do? • Connections to other theories? Vygotsky Piaget • Practical Implications? • Plenary?
Who is he? • Jerome Bruner is a psychologist and was born on the 1st of October 1915 in New York, his parents Heman and Rose Bruner were immigrants from Poland. • Bruner had a difficult childhood he was born blind, he had his his cataract removed at the age of 2, which corrected his vision. His father also passed away when he was age 12, and the rest of his education was interrupted by frequent changes of school. These sequence of events could have been what probed his interest in to the theory of education
Bruner went on to earn a Master’s degree in psychology in 1937 and then a doctorate in psychology from Harvard University in 1941. • One of the most influential and well – known psychologists of the twentieth century, and one of the key figures in the ‘cognitive revolution.’ • Bruner Suggested that intellectual ability developed in stages through step by step changes in how the mind is used.
Bruner's interest in the process of how children form concepts led him to extend Piaget and Vygotsky's thinking. • In 1991, Bruner joined the faculty at New York University, where he still teaches students today, at age 97.
What did he do? • Bruner’s ideas are that students learn by building on prior knowledge and discover this knowledge by themselves maybe with instruction from an adult. • So it is organised in the ‘model of a spiral so that the pupil builds on what they already know’ • He said The outcome of cognitive development is thinking. The intelligent mind creates from experience "generic coding systems that permit one to go beyond the data to new and possibly fruitful predictions" (Bruner, 1957, p. 234). • He says that in order for children to grow and develop they ‘must acquire a way of representing the’ "recurrent regularities" in their environment. ‘And that The aim of education should be to create autonomous learners (i.e., learning to learn).’
IN OTHER WORDS.. (h.w.c)
So what does this mean? Simply Psychology
‘’The richest learning experience comes from narrative’’ • Storytelling performs the dual cultural functions of making the strange familiar and ourselves private and distinctive. If pupils are encouraged to think about the different outcomes that could have resulted from a set of circumstances, they are demonstrating useability of knowledge about a subject. Rather than just retaining knowledge and facts, they go beyond them to use their imaginations to think about other outcomes, as they don't need the completion of a logical argument to understand a story. This helps them to think about facing the future, and it stimulates the teacher too." Jerome Bruner: The lesson of the story (Guardian Article)
Connections to Other Theories • 3 Theorists Bruner believes the child has to learn for itself by making sense of its own environment. SIMILARITIES • With Piaget – that is knowledge is what the child can manipulate or do with movements for example tying knots, pointing and so on. • With Piaget – that is child is able to remember information through picture and images. • With Piaget – that a child is able to not only remember images but also words, music, symbols, numbers and so on.
Implications of Bruner’s Spiral Curriculum. • Bruner says that Children’s readiness to learn is NOT linked to age – unlike Piaget. • Development of language is important when forming concepts. • Adults play an important role in supporting and developing children’s ideas – reading a book, instigating learning. • Important when carrying out practical activity and discussion.
Children learn through routine- repeating and developing ideas. Gradually taking more control and responsibility of their own learning • Learning is a continuous process • Children should be active in their own learning • Taking pictures is an important part of learning (documentation) – at the start middle and beyond of a learning process
Bruner is still alive? According to Bruner, children need to actively take part in their own learning.
According to Bruner, children need to actively take part in their own learning.
References • http://www.slideshare.net/lilianamonserrat/bruner-2012 • http://ictedusrv.cumbria.ac.uk/maths/pgdl/unit1/unit1/page_76.htm • http://infed.org/mobi/jerome-bruner-and-the-process-of-education/ • http://www.education.gov.uk/complexneeds/modules/Module-1.1-Understanding-the-child-development-and-difficulties/All/m01p040c.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_Bruner