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irregular stems in preterite n.
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IRREGULAR STEMS IN PRETERITE PowerPoint Presentation
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IRREGULAR STEMS IN PRETERITE

IRREGULAR STEMS IN PRETERITE

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IRREGULAR STEMS IN PRETERITE

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  1. IRREGULAR STEMS IN PRETERITE

  2. Have two features: 1. an irregular stem and 2. a special set of endings: *Note that the yo and él forms are stressed on the stem, not on the ending. (no written accents!!)

  3. B. Some of these stem changers have stems with the vowel “i”. Decir: new stem  dij+ endings

  4. B. Some of these stem changers have stems with the vowel “i”. Querer: new stem  quis+ endings

  5. B. Some of these stem changers have stems with the vowel “i”. Hacer: new stem  hic + endings

  6. B. Some of these stem changers have stems with the vowel “i”. Venir: new stem  vin + endings

  7. B1. NOTES*There are two important irregularities in the verbs above. The él/ella/Ud. form of haceris spelled with a z, not a c as in the other forms. co= /Ko/; zo= /So/ 2. The ellos/ellas/Uds. form of decirloses the iof the -ieronending.

  8. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. The él/ella/Ud. form of haceris spelled with a z, not a c as in the other forms. co= /Ko/; zo= /So/ 2. The ellos/ellas/Uds. form of decirloses the iof the -ieronending.

  9. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. Andar: new stem  anduv+ endings

  10. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. Tener: new stem  tuv+ endings

  11. * Theseverbs in thepreteriteexpressanaction. Tener: tohave (givebirth) Ex: Esa mujer tuvo 19 hijos. Thatwomanhad (gavebirthto) 19 children.

  12. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. estar: new stem  estuv+ endings

  13. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. saber: new stem  sup + endings

  14. * Theseverbs in thepreteriteexpressanaction. Saber: tofindout (preterite) Ex:En ese momento supe la verdad. In thatmomentI foundoutthetruth.

  15. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. caber: new stem  cup + endings

  16. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. poder: new stem  pud+ endings

  17. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. poner: new stem  pus + endings

  18. C2.Allverbsending in –ducirhave a stemwiththevowel “-u”(conducir, traducir, producir, etc.)

  19. C1. Other irregular preterits have stems with the vowel “u”. conducir: new stem  conduj+ endings *no “i”

  20. Ex. Lastweek I droveforthefirst time. La semana pasada conduje por la primera vez. Ex. Shetranslatedthebookfromenglishtorussian. Ella tradujo el libro de inglés a ruso.

  21. D1.Theverb traer has a in thestem of thepreterit *no “i”

  22. E1.Thepreterit of hayishubo Ex. Esta mañana hubo un accidente en la carretera. Thismorningtherewasanaccidentonthehighway.

  23. Fernando said “hello”.

  24. Fernando dijo “hola”.

  25. We told the story (el cuento)

  26. Dijimos el cuento

  27. He didn’t want (refused) to speak

  28. Él no quisohablar

  29. I made the bed

  30. Hice la cama

  31. We did our* hw

  32. Hicimos la tarea

  33. Ya’ll made the tortilla

  34. Hicisteis la tortilla/Uds. hicieron

  35. Marcela came to the party

  36. Marcela vino a la fiesta

  37. Ana and Rafa did not come to school today

  38. Ana y Rafa no vinieron a la escuela hoy

  39. I walked through the city (la ciudad)

  40. Anduvepor la ciudad

  41. She had a baby?

  42. ¿Ella tuvo un bebé?

  43. Gabriela obtained (obtener) aprize (un premio)

  44. Gabriela obtuvo un premio

  45. Did you redo the project?

  46. ¿Rehiciste el proyecto?

  47. We walked in the park

  48. Anduvimos en el parque

  49. Were you all at home?