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The Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire

The Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire

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The Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire

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  1. The Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire

  2. Louis the Pious • Continued policy of monastic reform • Benedict of Aniane • Two marriages, four sons • Rebellion • Oath of Strasbourg • Treaty of Verdun • Fragmentation of trade networks

  3. Disunity and Partition • What were some of the reasons for the collapse of the Carolingian Empire? • What were some of the consequences of that collapse?

  4. Invasions Vikings • Why did the Northmen begin to prey on their neighbors at about this time? • Population pressure; political reasons (HaraldFinehair) • How extensive was their reach? • Varangian Guard • What made them so frightening? • Raids led to invasions

  5. Responses to Vikings • Alfred the Great • Danelaw Rollo, first duke of Normandy, 911 Plate 4.1 The Jelling Monument

  6. Fragmentation and Disorder • Magyars: horsemen from Hungary • Battle of Lechfeld, Otto the Great • Slavs and Avars • Conversion: Slavic Orthodox Church

  7. Byzantium under Justinian

  8. Byzantine Empire: 10th century

  9. Basil II’s conquests

  10. Division and struggle • Theme system: localized military support (7th c onward) • Central imperial government vs. local rulers (“Dynatoi”), 10th century • Struggle for control over resources of countryside • Cities, which had gone into decline, had begun to experience a resurgence • Sourcebook 4.2 RomanusLecapenusNovel • Iconoclasts vs. iconodules • Shifted in support with sympathies of emperors (Irene an iconodule) • Two outbreaks: 8th century and early 9th century

  11. The Rus • Originated with Scandinavian traders • Centered at Novgorod, then south at Kiev • Bordered by Khazars (converted to Judaism) • Converted to Christianity through Vladimir • Marriage to Byzantine princess, Basil II’s sister • Conversions: • Polish to Roman Catholicicsm • Hungary to Catholicism • Khazars to Judaism • Bulgars to Islam • Rus to Eastern Orthodox Christianity • 4.11 The Russian Primary Chronicle

  12. The Islamic World • Abbasid Dynasty (750-1258) • Displaced Umayyads • Capital established at Baghdad • Arabian Nights (early 10th century) • Islamic Renaissance • Dissatisfaction, fragmentation • Fatimids in Egypt, Shi’ites • Attacks on Sicily, southern Italy from North Africa; also southern France, Spain • What were the results of these attacks? (hint: not all negative!) • Shi’ites: imams, mahdi • Toleration of Jews

  13. The End of the World? • Y1K: Apocalypse When • Dhuoda’s manual to her son • Cluny 910 • Peace of God • Characterize the mood of apocalypticism as the millenium approached. How did the corruption of the church contribute to this mood? • Takeover of church lands by local nobles • Simony • Papal office • John XII