procedural justice n.
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  1. Procedural justice refers to the idea of fairness in the processes that resolve disputes and allocate resources. Procedural justice concerns the fairness and the transparency of the processes by which decisions are made. PROCEDURAL JUSTICE Hearing all parties before a decision is made is one step which would be considered appropriate to be taken in order that a process may then be characterised as procedurally fair. Some theories of procedural justice hold that fair procedure leads to equitable outcomes, even if the requirements of distributive or corrective justice are not met.

  2. Restorative justice (also sometimes called "reparative justice”) is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of victims and offenders, instead of the need to satisfy the abstract principles of law or the need of the community to exact punishment. Victims are given an active role in a dispute and offenders are encouraged to take responsibility for their actions, "to repair the harm they've done- by apologizing, returning stolen money, or (for example) doing community service”. It is based on a theory of justice that focuses on crime and wrong doing as acted against the individual or community rather than the state. RESTORATIVE JUSTICE

  3. Retributive justice is a theory of justice that considers that punishment, if proportionate, is a morally acceptable response to crime, with an eye to the satisfaction and psychological benefits it can bestow to the aggrieved party, its intimates and society. RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE The concept is common to most cultures throughout the world. Its presence in the ancient Jewish culture is shown by its inclusion in the law of Moses, specifically in Deuteronomy 19:17-21, and Exodus 21:23-21:27, which includes the punishments of "life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.” However, the judgment of whether a punishment is appropriately severe can vary greatly between cultures and individuals. Proportionality requires that the level of punishment be scaled relative to the severity of the offending behavior. However, this does not mean that the punishment has to be equivalent to the crime.

  4. Global justice is an issue in political philosophy arising from the concern that the world at large is unjust. GLOBAL JUSTICE The broader philosophical context of the global justice debate, in both its contemporary and historical forms, is the issue of impartiality. Many people believe they have more important duties to family members, friends and compatriots than to strangers and foreigners. But are they right to endorse such partiality?

  5. Social justice generally refers to the idea of creating an egalitarian society or institution that is based on the principles of equality and solidarity, that understands and values human rights, and that recognizes the dignity of every human being. Social justice is based on the concepts of human rights and equality and involves a greater degree of economic egalitarianism through progressive taxation, income redistribution, or even property redistribution SOCIAL JUSTICE VOCABULARY Egalitarianism: Its general premise is that people should be treated as equals on certain dimensions such as religion, politics, economics, social status, and culture. Solidarity: union or fellowship arising from common responsibilities and interests, as between members of a group or between classes, peoples, etc




  9. LADY JUSTICE The Goddess of Justice is most often depicted with a set of scales typically suspended from her left hand, upon which she measures the strengths of a case's support and opposition. She is also often seen carrying a double-edged sword in her right hand, symbolizing the power of Reason and Justice, which may be wielded either for or against any party. The blindfold represents objectivity, in that justice is (or should be) meted out objectively, without fear or favor, regardless of identity, money, power, or weakness; blind justice and blind impartiality. The wreath at her feet is an olive wreath. The olive branch, in Western culture, derived from the customs of Ancient Greece, symbolizes peace or goodwill.

  10. SOME JUSTICE QUOTES: “Without justice, courage is weak.”  Benjamin Franklin “Justice and power must be brought together, so that whatever is just may be powerful, and whatever is powerful may be just.” Blaise Pascal