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BELLWORK: March 27 th

BELLWORK: March 27 th

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BELLWORK: March 27 th

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  1. BELLWORK: March 27th • Describe the causes/effects of Ferdinand’s assassination. • How do you think the Industrial Revolution affected how WWI was fought? • Define war of attrition. • THINKER: What is a stalemate?

  2. Mind map notes on important events, new weapons & fighting conditions Fighting world war i

  3. Important Events of WWI • Read pages 520-524 and complete the “important events” section of your mind map notes. • For each event include a description and the outcome! • Schlieffen Plan • Marne • Tannenberg • Verdun • Eastern Front

  4. The Schlieffen Plan • What was the goal of the Schlieffen Plan? • List three problems the Germans ran into with the Schlieffen Plan. • How did the British and French respond to Germany’s invasion?

  5. Trench Warfare Both sides would dig elaborate trenches facing each other. Result would be a stalemate situation- both sides stuck, neither able to attack because the other can defend so well. Men would charge across open fields rushing to the opposing side & be cut down with machine gun fire.

  6. Trench Foot

  7. Men killed in the trenches were buried where they fell. Large numbers of decomposing bodies filled up the trenches This attracted rats Rats were carriers of diseases, like malaria and influenza. Trench Rats

  8. No proper system of waste disposal Soldiers would use tins to deposit waste and throw them over the trench. This lack of sanitation caused disease to spread rapidly. Diseases and Sanitation

  9. Also known as Combat Stress Reaction (CSR) In WWI, shell shock was considered a psychiatric illness resulting from injury to the nerves during combat The horrors of trench warfare meant that about 10% of the fighting soldiers were killed and the total proportion of troops who became casualties (killed or wounded) was 56%. Shellshock

  10. Tanks Machine Guns Mortars (shot a shell in a high arc over a relatively short distance) Flamethrowers Helmets Barbed Wire Mustard Gas New weapons in WWI


  12. “America at War” Video • You are now going to watch the history channel episode “The Death of Glory” from the series “America at War.” • This episode starts from the very beginning of WWI and demonstrates how the complex web of alliances get European countries into war. • It focuses specifically on European fighting and the strategies of each country. • Answer the 15 questions on your own sheet of paper!

  13. The Christmas Truce December 24th, 1914. Both sides- German & French/British stopped for the night. Men went across No Man’s Land and exchanged small gifts- whisky, jam, cigars, chocolate. Sung Christmas carols across from the trenches to one another.