Stages of Labor and Delivery By: Grace Goodhart and Josh Quinn
Stage 1: Early Labor • Cervix begins to dilate • Mild contractions (30 to 90 seconds) • Time is unpredictable • Average time is 6 to 12 hours • For comfort you should: • Take a shower • Listen to relaxing music • Change positions • Slow, deep breathing • Have a gentle massage
Stage 1: Active Labor • Cervix is dilated to 10 cm • Contractions become longer, stronger, and closer together • Nauseous feeling • Water will break if it hasn’t already • Increasing back pressure • GO TO THE HOSPITAL, THE BABY IS COMING!! • It’s ok to ask for pain medication • Often lasts 8 hours • Look for encouragement
Stage 2: The Birth • IT’S TIME!!! • Lasts a few minutes or a few hours • Push! • Don’t hold any tension • Experiment with different positions • Stay Motivated! • After head is delivered, his/her airway will be cleared • The rest of the body will follow
Presentation • Delivery presentation describes the way the baby is positioned to come down the birth canal for delivery. • Cephalic (head-first) presentation is considered normal and occurs in about 97% of deliveries. • Breech presentation is considered abnormal and occurs about 3% of the time. A complete breech presentation occurs when the buttocks present first, and both the hips and knees are flexed • The shoulder, arm, or trunk may present first if the fetus is in a transverse lie. This type of presentation occurs less than 1% of the time. Transverse lie is more common with premature delivery or multiple pregnancies.
Stage 3: Delivery of Placenta • After the birth, you should feel relieved • Usually the baby is in your arms but there is still a lot going on • Placenta is still to be delivered • Typically takes about 5 minutes • May take 30 minutes