Potential threats for the organism • Frustration /hindering may cause stress All types of stress cause a chain of reactions named as ‘fight or flight’
Stress Reaction in Human • Respiration accelerates • Blood pressure and heart beat rates increase • Muscle tension increase • Bowels and other digestive systems slow or stop working • Pupil enlargement • All sensory systems work better • Number of erythrocytes increase • An alarm reaction aiming to survive may increase stress • Hormonal reactions (cortisol levels increase)
Emotional Reactions • Discomfort, worry • anxiety • Unhappiness, depression • Anger, aggression
Mental Symptoms • Poor memory • Lack of concentration • Indecisiveness • Disorganization • Confusion • Apathy
Stress Reaction • A) Alarm reaction, • B) Resistance, • C) Burn out. • A) Alarm reaction: To realize a threat • B) Resistance: The time of facing the threat • C) Burn out: If the threat is so dangerous or lasting long, it lasts with burn out. • When duration of stress lasts long, it turns into chronic stress • Stress reactions in long term may result in some chronic diseases. Headaches, hypertension, heart diseases,..
Emotional responses ..might be shaped according to the psychological construct • Avoidance • Acceptance • Fear • Opposition • Worry • Depression
Is stress all negative? Stress contributes to.. Novelty seeking Working harder Creativity Higher concentration Learning better