Active Voice VS Passive Voice
Example 1 doer receiver a. Joe makes a cake.(Active Voice) receiver doer Be b.A cake is made by Joe(Passive Voice) Past participle Changes made : • In a, the subject is the doer of the action. In b, the subject is the receiver of the action. • In b, the verb is changed into the passive form (Be + past participle). 3. In b, ‘by’ is added before the doer of the action.
Example 2 simple present tense a.Wayne cleans the clothes. (active voice) Be Past participle b.The clothes are cleaned by Wayne. (passive voice) simple past tense Example 3 a.Andy ate the cake. (active voice) Be Past participle b.The cake was eaten by Andy. (passive voice)
Example 4 future tense a.Nicky will do the housework. (active voice) Be Past participle b.The housework will be done by Nicky. (passive voice) present continuous tense Example 5 a.Rockyis washingthe dishes.(active voice) Be Past participle b.The dishes are being washed by Rocky. (passive voice)
Example 6 past continuous tense a.Cherry was using the computer. (active voice) Be Past participle b.The computer was being used by Cherry. (passive voice) present perfect tense Example 7 a.Jackiehas writtentwo compositions.(active voice) Past participle Be b.Two compositions have been written by Jackie. (passive voice)
How to change negative sentences into passive voice: simple past tense Example 8 a. Cindy did not break the window. (active voice) past participle Be b. The window was not broken by Cindy. (passive voice) Example 9 future tense a. Amy will not buy the tickets. (active voice) past participle Be b. The tickets will not be bought by Amy. (passive voice)
We use the passive voice when: 1. we don’t know who / what the doer is. Eg.: The rich man was killed. 2. the doer is obvious. Eg.: The driver was fined for speeding. 3. the doer is not important. Eg.: The rubbish is removed.