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Malaysia:. An Introduction. Geographic Information. In the middle of the Southeast Asia. Borders: Land: Indonesia, Thailand, and Brunei. Maritime: Singapore, Vietnam, and Philippines Malaysia has two main parts: Peninsular Malaysia (Where most states are located in)

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  1. Malaysia: An Introduction

  2. Geographic Information • In the middle of the Southeast Asia. • Borders: • Land: Indonesia, Thailand, and Brunei. • Maritime: Singapore, Vietnam, and Philippines • Malaysia has two main parts: • Peninsular Malaysia (Where most states are located in) • Malaysian Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, and Labuan)

  3. What makes Malaysia Malaysia? • Thirteen states and three federal territories (Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, Putrajaya) • Initially Singapore was part of Malaysia but they became a sovereign country in 1965.

  4. Malaysia: Now • A developing country with many natural resources that aims to be a developed country by 2020. • A member of ASEAN, OIC, APEC, NAM, and Commonwealth.

  5. Demographic Information • Main races: • Malays • Chinese • Indians • National Religion: • Islam • Official Language: • BahasaMelayu (Malay Language)

  6. Political System in MALAYSIA • Closely modeled on that of Westminster parliamentary system, a legacy of British colonial rule. • Federal constitutional elective monarchy. • The monarch of Malaysia is the Yang di-PertuanAgong, commonly referred to as the “King of Malaysia”. • The head of government is prime minister but not president.

  7. The 13th Yang di-PertuanAgong Sultan MizanZainalAbidin Al-Muktafi Head/King of Malaysia

  8. Prime Minister of Malaysia Dato’ Seri NajibTunRazak Head of Malaysia Government

  9. Political System in MALAYSIA The Constitution of Malaysia Supreme law of Malaysia Yang di-PertuanAgong (King of Malaysia) Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch

  10. #1:Executive Branch • Headed by the Paramount Ruler or Yang di-PertuanAgong. • Executed by the Prime Minister and his Cabinet Ministers (chosen from among members of both houses of Parliament) • Function: To execute and govern the government based on the federal constitution and laws.

  11. #2:Legislative Branch • Legislative authority is in the hands of the bicameral Parliament. • Consists of: Lower house (House of Representative) , Upper House (Senate) • Function: as a law maker and has the authority to raise taxes and authorize expenditure. • Current government is ruled by Barisan National. • Opposition parties: PR

  12. #3:Judiciary Branch • The Malaysian legal system is based on English common law and most of the laws and the constitution are adapted from Indian law . • Headed by the Federal Court. • Consists: Superior court (federal level) Subordinate Courts (County level) • Function : has authority to hear and determine criminal matters, interpret the legality of any legislative and executive acts and the Federal and State Constitutions.

  13. Economics

  14. The Malaysian Economy • 16th century – Malaccan empire • Spice trade • 19th – mid 20th century – British colony • Agriculture, mining industries, raw materials • Post independence – mid 20th century onwards • Shift towards industrialization & manufacturing

  15. The Modern Malaysian Economy • Centralized economic system, government regulated • Privatization of inefficient state-owned enterprises • Economic plans • New Economic Policy (NEP) • Foreign investment

  16. The Modern Malaysian Economy • Currency : Ringgit Malaysia (RM) • Paper & coins • RM 1 = 100 sen • RM 1 = $ 0.317 Images from: Wikipedia; google image

  17. Main Economic Sectors • Industry • Mining • Oil & Gas (Natural resources) • Service • Tourism • Retail • Manufacturing • Agriculture

  18. Issues • Economic growth • Lack of foreign investment • Lack of skilled workers • Economic downturn

  19. Culture

  20. Historical Origin

  21. - And there are also 50 other ethnicities such Baba and Nyonya, Iban and Kadazan.

  22. Major Festivals

  23. Apparels

  24. Cuisine

  25. Environmental Issues in Malaysia Deforestation Pollution Flash flood

  26. Deforestation • Various Reasons: 1. Dams, housing development, industrialization, road systems, timber plantations • Hulu Terengganu, Bukit Cherakah,Ulu Padas, Sungai Mas, Kelau Dam

  27. Between 1990 and 2005 Malaysia lost 6.6% of its forest cover, or around 1,486,000 hectares.

  28. Air Pollution • carbon monoxide emission, open burning • 1997 Southeast Asian haze, 2005 Malaysian Haze (>500 in API), 2006 Southeast Asian haze (certain states reached >100 in API)

  29. Water Pollution • Toxic waste, trash • Klang River

  30. Flash Flood

  31. Government’s Policy • Rio Earth Summit to maintain a minimum of 50% of its land area under permanent forests • Storm water Management and Road Tunnel (SMART Tunnel)

  32. Illegal Wildlife Trade in Malaysia

  33. “…It's a story of crime, wildlife smuggling and money. It stars flamboyant characters dripping with gold chains, driving luxury vehicles and politicians -- the smugglers who are as slippery as the rare reptiles they traffic across the globe for sums of money that beggar belief.“ The News Straits Times

  34. What form of illegal trading? • Illegal sale of animals and plants • Wild animal as exotic pets • Smuggled for: • Medicine • Clothing • Decorations • Research • Malaysia is the hub of illegal trading

  35. Why is illegal trading of wildlife so widespread in Malaysia?

  36. Loose laws • Penalty: 6 month jail and RM200,000 fine. • The fine is nothing big compared to the amount of money earned. • High demand from other countries, but the laws are too strict.

  37. Awareness • People are not educated to care for wildlife. • People are not aware of the problem.

  38. Conclusion • Malaysia is a multiracial country with Islam as the main religion. • Malaysia is affected much by the Great Britain. • Malaysia is currently focusing on technological developments and services. • Malaysia is facing some challenges to protect the flora and fauna in the forests.


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