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AP Psychology Test Review

AP Psychology Test Review

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AP Psychology Test Review

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  1. AP Psychology Test Review CH 3 - Neuroscience

  2. 25 Roger has suffered a severe stroke. He has temporarily lost the ability to speak. Which type of aphasia is he exhibiting? • Expressive aphasia • Receptive Aphasia • Broca’s Aphasia • Cerebral Aphasia • Wernicke’s Palsy

  3. 25 While hurdling at the League track meet, Kim fell and hit her head on the track. After the trainer assessed her, he determined she had a concussion. What type of scan will the doctor most likely use in order to see if she has any damage to her brain? • PET • MRI • EEG • FMRI • CAT

  4. 25 Of the following, the effect of adrenaline on the body is most similar to the effect of the: • Cerebellum • Thyroid gland • Somatic nervous system • Parasympathetic nervous system • Sympathetic nervous system

  5. 25 Jeremy was born with several brain abnormalities. One of these, decreased his ability to coordinate his movements. Which of the following parts of the brain may be damaged? • Hypothalamus • Thalamus • Pons • Medulla • Cerebellum

  6. 25 A research study looking at severely overweight rats would most likely be interested in studying this part of the brain: • Hippocampus • Thalamus • Hypothalamus • Amygdala • Pineal Gland

  7. Participant Scores

  8. :25 Scientists are able to see changes in the brain as it processes information by means of: • Lesioning • Autopsy • CT • MRI • PET

  9. 25 This is a brain cell that receives and transmits electrical signals throughout the nervous system. • Axon • Dendrite • Neuron • Neurotransmitter • Axon Terminal

  10. 25 When the dendrites tell the neuron to generate an electrical impulse, it is called: • Inhibitory • Ancillary • Excitatory • Action Potential • None of the above

  11. 25 What disease does degeneration of the myelin sheath contribute to? • Parkinson’s • Tay Sachs • Schizophrenia • Lupus • Multiple Sclerosis

  12. 25 These open to allow some electrically charged particles to enter the axons and keep some electrically chargedout: • Axon Gates • Dendritic terminals • Axon terminals • Chemical Gates • Cell Bodies

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  14. 25 Your brain is involved in every perception, thought, and emotion, as are its neurons and their neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that: • Carry information primarily in the endocrine system • Fuel the endocrine system • Travel from the axon terminals along the axon and create an action potential • Assist neurons by providing physical support, nutrition, and waste removal • Travel across the synapse and affect adjoining neurons

  15. 25 A neuron without terminal buttons would be unable to: • Receive information from neighboring neurons • Generate action potential • Secrete neurotransmitters to other neurons • Transport ions across the cell membrane • Fire the appropriate inhibitory transmitters

  16. 25 Gabrielle has just finished a local 5k race and seems to be very happy and elated. One cause of her feelings may be due to abnormally high levels of chemical substances in her brain called: • Acetylcholine • Serotonin • Endorphins • Dopamine • GABA

  17. :25 The charge of a resting neuron is: • Primarily a negative charge • Primarily a positive charge • Neither a negative or positive charge • Primarily effected by neurotransmitters • Primarily effected by hormones

  18. :25 A four year old boy was involved in a terrible accident that damaged his brain. Though most of his left hemisphere was removed, three years later he was nearly normal. What term best explains the ability of the brain to recover from injury by rewiring itself? • Plasticity • Reflexology • Reuptake • Expandability • Refraction

  19. Participant Scores

  20. :25 This is an example of a sympathetic function: • Promoting your sexual development • Monitoring the operation of the body’s routing functioning • Picking up a dime off the floor • Preparing yourself to fight an oncoming attacker • Figuring out the answer to a difficult test question

  21. :25 This part of the brain is responsible for trafficking almost all of the brain’s incoming and outgoing sensory and motor information: • Hypothalamus • Reticular formation • Pons • Thalamus • Hippocampus

  22. 25 Roger has just had some medical tests conducted. One of the tests recorded Roger’s brain waves on a moving sheet of paper. Roger was probably given the: • EEG • CT scan • MRI scan • PET scan • FMRI

  23. :25 Which of the following neurotransmitters is most closely linked to pleasurable sensations generated in the limbic system? • Acetylcholine • Dopamine • GABA • Norepinephrine • Adrenaline

  24. 30 The Phineas Gage study was the first time that scientists studied: • The role of the limbic system on the behavior or individuals • The ease of damage to the brain • The role of the frontal lobe in the behavior or individuals • The safety of working conditions in America • How behavior can affect relationships

  25. Participant Scores