Momplanned a surprisepartyfor dad. A surprisepartyfor dad wasplanned byMom. I read a book. Thebookwasreadby me.
Active Form The thing doing the action : subject the thing receiving the action : object. (Most sentences are active) [subject] + [verb] + [object]
Passive Form The thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. [object] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] +[subject]
PASSIVE TENSES Focus on the agent rather than on the action. BE+past participle (appropriate tense) * When we want to refer to the agent we use by + noun
SIMPLE PRESENT PASSIVE Subject verb object (doer) object verb Use it to focus on the action rather than in the agent. BE +Past participle Active voice: Tom bakes a cake every week. Passive voice: A cake isbaked every week (by Tom).
Use the active orpassiveform of theverb USE Architects _______________ mathematicstodesignbuildings. Cellphones _______________ tosendtextmessages. Cocoa_____________________ tomake chocolate. Searchengines ________________ tofindinformation. Sometravelers _______________ backpackstocarrythings more easily.
SIMPLE PAST PASSIVE Subject verb object (doer) object verb Use it to focus on past action rather than in the agent. WAS / WERE +Past participle Active voice: Tom baked a cake yesterday. Passive voice: A cake wasbaked yesterday (by Tom).
Simple pastpassive damagedesignbuywriteelect The car ______________ by Da Vinci TheDV´s _______________ byAmerica When ______ he _______________ president? All of thebuildings _______________ bythestorm. Thenationalanthem ________________ in 1902.
Complete usingthepastpassiveform of theverbs You look so different. When _________ thisphoto ___________ ? (take) Machu Pichu ______________ in the 15th century. (build) Theirparents ______________ to come totheschool. (call) Pressthisbuttontoseewhenthelastcall ______________. (make) I´msorryyou __________________ totheparty. (not invite)
Complete using the passive They gave me my job back. I ____________ my job back. Add piece A to piece B. Piece A ______________ to piece B. People remember the same event differently. The same event __________________ differently. We’ll explain later. Everything _______________ later. They’re putting up new buildings. New buildings ____________.
He opens the door. - We set the table. - She pays a lot of money. - I draw a picture. - They wear blue shoes. - They don't help you. - He doesn't open the book. - You do not write the letter. -