70 likes | 263 Vues
The National Convention. By: Frankie Kennedy. About the National Convention. 3 groups in the National Convention The Girondins The Mountain The Plain Belonged to a radical group called the Jacobins. The Girondins.
E N D
The National Convention By: Frankie Kennedy
About the National Convention • 3 groups in the National Convention • The Girondins • The Mountain • The Plain • Belonged to a radical group called the Jacobins
The Girondins • Girondins were one of two main factions in the national convention during the radical phase. • Their main opponents were the montagnards or the mountain. • They resented excessive influence of the Paris mob on the revolution. • They denounced the September massacres • More than 1,000 alleged counterrevolutionaries were killed in the prison of Paris • They accused montagnards of leading the violence • Their main support came from outside of Paris ion the provinces. • They first emerged as a recognizable group in the Legislative Assembly known as the Brissotins. • The Girondins supported a constitutional monarchy. • During the trial of Louis XVI they supported the end of the monarchy but didn’t want to execute the king.
The Mountain • The Mountain were the main opponents of the Girondins • They were considered radicals • The Mountain were supported by lower middle class people and poor people • Belonged to the Jacobin club • Its member championed the poor and unhappy people of Paris • Lead by the Danton and Robespierre • The Mountain joined forces with the Sans-cullotes • They wanted to try and execute Louis XVI for treason • They wanted to set up a republic to replace the monarchy
The Plain • The Plain was also known as “The Marsh” • They formed majority of the member of the assembly • Their names came from their place on the floor of the assembly • The Plain was led by Emmanuel-Joseph • They initially voted for the moderate Girondins • They later switched to supporting montagnards • They voted for the execution of Louis XVI • In 1794 they also helped overthrow Robespierre • Also helped overthrow other extreme radicals
How did the National Convention Change France’s Government? • The execution of Louis XVI • Legislative Assembly votes to suspend the monarchy • The republic is formed • The Mountain became the dominant party and pushed for radical changes. • The Mountain leaders formed a series of committees • Groups of men charged with individual targeted goals • The most important was the committee of public safety