World War II: The Pacific Theater
A.) Japan seizes Manchuria • September 1931: Japanese army seizes Manchuria, China • League of Nations condemns the aggression (cannot enforce) • Result: Japan withdraws from League of Nations
B.) Japan Invades China • July 7, 1937: Japanese army attacks N. China • Conquer Beijing, Nanjing (capital), & most of north China
December 7, 1941: Japan attacks U.S. Navy Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
D.) Tide of Japanese Victories After bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japan attacks and seizes more in 1941………………… Guam, Marianas, Wake Island, Gilbert Islands, Samoan Islands, and Caroline Islands
Singapore (Malaya) Surrenders[February, 1942] The Dutch East Indies Seized[March, 1942]
The Philippine Islands Invaded January 1942: Japan invades Philippines April 1942: U.S. troops surrender the Philippines “One day I shall return again” Closing Remarks after leaving the Philippines, Douglas MacArthur
E.) Bataan Death March April 1942: 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.
Dead Allied troops as result of the Bataan Death March An Australian Allied soldier being beheaded!
A Liberated British POW British POWs
F.) The Japanese Seize Burma May 1942 The “Burma Road” seized and supply line to China cut off!
A.) The Man in Charge General Douglas MacArthur: Supreme Allied Commander in the Pacific during WWII
B.) Allied Strategy Allied Strategy in the Pacific Theater: “Island-Hopping”
C.) Battle of the Coral SeaMay 7-8, 1942 “Allies stop Japanese invasion attack on Australia”
D.) Battle of Midway Island:June 4-6, 1942 “Turning Point of Pacific: Allies stop Japanese advance”
E.) Battle of Guadalcanal:August 1942 to February 1943 “First piece of Japanese territory Allies will take”
F.) Battle of Leyte Gulf October 1944 Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! “Beginning of retaking the Philippine Islands from the Japanese”
Japanese Kamikaze Planes: Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers
G.) Battle of Iwo Jima February 1945 U.S. marines on Mt. Surbachi “Allies take control of an island 660 miles from Tokyo”
H.) Battle of Okinawa April 1945 “Allies seize an island 350 miles from Tokyo and the bloodiest land battle of the war in the pacific”
III.) Options to End the War Option 1: Land Invasion Pros: less civilian loss of life Cons: massive amount of Allied casualties war will take longer to end requires largest invasion force ever Option 2: Drop the Atomic Bomb Pros: less American casualties quicker end to the war Cons: catastrophic loss of Japanese civilian life
A.) The Manhattan ProjectLos Alamos, New Mexicp Top Secret project to create an “atomic bomb” begun in 1939 Major GeneralLesley R. Groves (General in charge) I am become death, the shattererof worlds! Dr. Robert Oppenheimer (lead scientist)
Drop the Atomic Bomb! Little Boy Fat Man
C.) The Enola Gay B-29 bomber which carried and dropped the Atomic Bomb
D.) Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 • 70,000 killed immediately. • 48,000 buildings. destroyed. • 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later. But………….
E.) Nagasaki – August 9, 1945 • 40,000 killed immediately. • 60,000 injured. • 100,000s died ofradiation poisoning& cancer later. This time………….
That’s All Folks!