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Climates of California

Climates of California

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Climates of California

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  1. California Geography Climates of California

  2. Physical Geography of California • Earth Structure & Movement • Plate Tectonics & Earthquakes • Rocks & The Rock Cycle • Geomorphology • Landform Classification • Landform Types • Climate & Vegetation Zones

  3. The Geography of California Climates • Patterns • Dry Climates • Mid Temp. Climates • Snow Climates • Ice Climates

  4. The Geography of World Climates • World Patterns • Tropical Climates • Dry Climates • Mid Latitude Climates • Snow Climates • Ice Climates

  5. Ice Climates (E) Snow Climates (D) Mid Latitude Climates (C) Dry Climates (B) Tropical Climates (A) Dry Climates (B) Mid Latitude Climates (C) Ice Climates (E)

  6. Koppen Climate System • First letter A-E indicates temperature • Second small letter ( s, f) indicates precipitation • Third small letter (a, b, c, d ) indicates summer temperature • n = indicates fog

  7. Koppen Climate System

  8. Tropical Climates (A) • Only climate type not found in California • Found in the equatorial region • Warm & Wet all year • Temperatures average over 64 F (18C)

  9. The Geography of California’s Climates • Patterns • Dry Climates • Mid Temp. Climates • Snow Climates • Ice Climates

  10. Dry Climates (B) • Found in interior of CA • Classification not based on temperature • Annual Precipitation is between 0-18 in. • Deserts (BW) • Steppe (BS)

  11. Desert Climates (BW) • Precipitation - 0-10 inches • Temperature average above 64F = h Temperature average below 64F = k • Vegetation - xerophytes • succulents • ephermals • Soils - alkaline - sandy & salty • Locations - rainshadows or leeward side of Sierra Nevada, Transverse and Peninsular Ranges

  12. Steppe Climates (BS) • Precipitation -10-18 inches • Temperature average above 64F = h Temperature average below 64F = k • Vegetation - grasses • Soils - black, nutrient rich • Locations - surround the deserts of the San Joaquin Valley, eastern foothills of the Coastal Ranges and western foothills of the San Joaquin Valley

  13. The Geography of California’s Climates • Patterns • Dry Climates • Mid Temp. Climates • Snow Climates • Ice Climates

  14. Mid Latitude Climates (C) • Temperature average between 32- 64F • Only one type of C Climate found in California • Cs= Mediterranean Climate • Csa = hot summer • Csb = cool summer • Csbn = cool summer with fog

  15. Mediterranean Climate (Cs) • Temperature average between 32 and 64 F • Precipitation - dry summer & wet winter • Vegetation - chaparral, drought resistant woody shrubs & scattered trees • Mediterranean woodland • Soils - mixed • Locations - West coast and Sacramento Valley of California

  16. Mediterranean Climate (Csa) • Temperature average between 32 and 64 F • Precipitation - hot summer & wet winter • Vegetation - chaparral, drought resistant woody shrubs & scattered trees • Mediterranean woodland • Soils - mixed • Locations - Central Valley of California

  17. Mediterranean Climate (Csbn) • Temperature average between 32 and 64 F • Precipitation - mild foggy summer & wet winter • Vegetation - chaparral, drought resistant woody shrubs & scattered trees • Mediterranean woodland • Soils - mixed • Locations - North Coastal valleys of California