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Chapter 10 - Layout

Chapter 10 - Layout

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Chapter 10 - Layout

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  1. D D L L M M D D L L M M L L M M G G L L G G A A A A G G Chapter 10 -Layout

  2. Absolute Locations

  3. Frozen Meats foods Dry groceries Bread Vegetables (a) Original layout Absolute Locations Figure 10.1

  4. Frozen Meats foods Dry groceries Bread Vegetables Absolute Locations (b) Revised layout Figure 10.1

  5. Layout Types

  6. Grinding Forging Lathes Painting Welding Drills Milling Office Foundry machines Layout Types (a) Layout of a job shop Figure 10.2

  7. Layout Types Grinding Forging Lathes Painting Welding Drills Milling Office Foundry machines (a) Layout of a job shop Figure 10.2

  8. Layout Types Grinding Forging Lathes Painting Welding Drills Milling Office Foundry machines (a) Layout of a job shop Figure 10.2

  9. Layout Types Grinding Forging Lathes Painting Welding Drills Milling Office Foundry machines (a) Layout of a job shop Figure 10.2

  10. Layout Types Grinding Forging Lathes Painting Welding Drills Milling Office Foundry machines (a) Layout of a job shop Figure 10.2

  11. Layout Types Figure 10.2

  12. Layout Types Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4 (b) Layout of a production line Figure 10.2

  13. Layout Types Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4 (b) Layout of a production line Figure 10.2

  14. Layout Types Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4 (b) Layout of a production line Figure 10.2

  15. Layout Types Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4 (b) Layout of a production line Figure 10.2

  16. Layout Types Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4 (b) Layout of a production line Figure 10.2

  17. Group Technology

  18. One Worker, Multiple Machines Group Technology Machine 2 Machine 3 Machine 1 Materials in Finished goods out Machine 4 Figure 10.3 Machine 5

  19. Group Technology

  20. Group Technology Parts Families Figure 10.4 Source: Mikell P. Groover. Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Aided Manufacturing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1980, p. 540. Used by permission.

  21. Group Technology

  22. Lathing Milling Drilling D D L L M M D D L L M M Grinding L L M M G G Assembly L L G G A A Receiving and shipping A A G G Group Technology Figure 10.5

  23. Lathing Milling Drilling D D L L M M D D L L M M Grinding L L M M G G Assembly L L G G A A Receiving and shipping A A G G Group Technology (a) Jumbled flows in a job shop without GT cells Figure 10.5

  24. Lathing Milling Drilling D D L L M M D D L L M M Grinding L L M M G G Assembly L L G G A A Receiving and shipping A A G G (a) Jumbled flows in a job shop without GT cells Group Technology Figure 10.5

  25. Lathing Milling Drilling D D L L M M D D L L M M Grinding L L M M G G Assembly L L G G A A Receiving and shipping A A G G Group Technology (a) Jumbled flows in a job shop without GT cells Figure 10.5 Source: Mikell P. Groover. Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Aided Manufacturing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1980, pp. 540–541. Used by permission.

  26. M L L G Assembly area D A A Cell 2 Cell 1 L M Receiving G G Cell 3 M L D Shipping Group Technology (b) Line flows in a job shop with three GT cells Figure 10.5

  27. M L L G Assembly area D A A Cell 2 Cell 1 L M Receiving G G Cell 3 M L D Shipping Group Technology (b) Line flows in a job shop with three GT cells Figure 10.5

  28. M L L G Assembly area D A A Cell 2 Cell 1 L M Receiving G G Cell 3 M L D Shipping Group Technology (b) Line flows in a job shop with three GT cells Figure 10.5

  29. M L L G Assembly area D A A Cell 2 Cell 1 L M Receiving G G Cell 3 M L D Shipping Group Technology (b) Line flows in a job shop with three GT cells Figure 10.5 Source: Mikell P. Groover. Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Aided Manufacturing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1980, pp. 540–541. Used by permission.

  30. Longhorn Machine

  31. Department Area Needed (ft2) 1. Burr and grind 1,000 2. NC equipment 950 3. Shipping and receiving 750 4. Lathes and drills 1,200 5. Tool crib 800 6. Inspection 700 Total 5400 60' 90' Longhorn Machine

  32. Department Area Needed (ft2) 1. Burr and grind 1,000 2. NC equipment 950 3. Shipping and receiving 750 4. Lathes and drills 1,200 5. Tool crib 800 6. Inspection 700 Total 5400 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Longhorn Machine Figure 10.6

  33. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Longhorn Machine

  34. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Trips between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — 2 .NC equipment — 3. Shipping and receiving — 4. Lathes and drills — 5. Tool crib — 6. Inspection — Longhorn Machine

  35. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Trips between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — 20 20 80 2. NC equipment — 10 75 3. Shipping and receiving — 15 90 4. Lathes and drills — 70 5. Tool crib — 6. Inspection — Longhorn Machine

  36. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Longhorn Machine

  37. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Closeness Rating between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — 2. NC equipment — 3. Shipping and receiving — 4. Lathes and drills — 5. Tool crib — 6. Inspection — Longhorn Machine

  38. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Closeness Rating between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — 2. NC equipment — 3. Shipping and receiving — 4. Lathes and drills — 5. Tool crib — 6. Inspection — Closeness Rating Rating Definition A Absolutely necessary E Especially important I Important O Ordinary closeness U Unimportant X Undesirable Longhorn Machine

  39. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Closeness Rating between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — E U I U A 2. NC equipment — O U E I 3. Shipping and receiving — O U A 4. Lathes and drills — E X 5. Tool crib — U 6. Inspection — Closeness Rating Rating Definition A Absolutely necessary E Especially important I Important O Ordinary closeness U Unimportant X Undesirable Longhorn Machine

  40. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Closeness Rating between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — E U I U A 2. NC equipment — O U E I 3. Shipping and receiving — O U A 4. Lathes and drills — E X 5. Tool crib — U 6. Inspection — Explanation Codes Code Meaning 1 Materials handling 2 Shared personnel 3 Ease of supervision 4 Space utilization 5 Noise 6 Employee attitudes Longhorn Machine

  41. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Closeness Rating between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — E U I U A (3,1) (2,1) (1) 2. NC equipment — O U E I (1) (1) (6) 3. Shipping and receiving — O U A (1) (1) 4. Lathes and drills — E X (1) (5) 5. Tool crib — U 6. Inspection — Explanation Codes Code Meaning 1 Materials handling 2 Shared personnel 3 Ease of supervision 4 Space utilization 5 Noise 6 Employee attitudes Longhorn Machine

  42. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Longhorn Machine

  43. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Longhorn Machine • Departments 3 and 6 close together • Departments 1 and 6 close together • Departments 2 and 5 close together • Departments 4 and 5 close together Figure 10.6

  44. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' 4 3 60' 90' Longhorn Machine • Departments 3 and 6 close together • Departments 1 and 6 close together • Departments 2 and 5 close together • Departments 4 and 5 close together Example 10.1

  45. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' 4 3 60' 90' Longhorn Machine • Departments 3 and 6 close together • Departments 1 and 6 close together • Departments 2 and 5 close together • Departments 4 and 5 close together 6 Example 10.1

  46. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' 4 3 60' 90' Longhorn Machine • Departments 3 and 6 close together • Departments 1 and 6 close together • Departments 2 and 5 close together • Departments 4 and 5 close together 1 6 Example 10.1

  47. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' 4 3 60' 90' Longhorn Machine • Departments 3 and 6 close together • Departments 1 and 6 close together • Departments 2 and 5 close together • Departments 4 and 5 close together 5 2 1 6 Example 10.1

  48. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' 4 3 60' 90' Longhorn Machine • Departments 3 and 6 close together • Departments 1 and 6 close together • Departments 2 and 5 close together • Departments 4 and 5 close together 5 2 1 6 Figure 10.7

  49. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Longhorn Machine

  50. 2 4 3 60' 6 5 1 90' Trips between Departments Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1. Burr and grind — 20 20 80 2. NC equipment — 10 75 3. Shipping and receiving — 15 90 4. Lathes and drills — 70 5. Tool crib — 6. Inspection — Longhorn Machine Example 10.2