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Midterm review. Writing Poetry Short Stories. On the day of the midterm:. Be on time! Bring a sharpened #2 pencil!. This packet is NOT the midterm:. This packet does not take the place of all the notes / work we’ve done so far this year over the course of almost 20 weeks . . .
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Midterm review Writing Poetry Short Stories
On the day of the midterm: • Be on time! • Bring a sharpened #2 pencil!
This packet is NOT the midterm: • This packet does not take the place of all the notes / work we’ve done so far this year over the course of almost 20 weeks . . . • This packet guides you back to your notes / work. • The midterm is primarily testing the SKILLS you’ve learned; therefore, any attempt to memorize content will likely be unhelpful
MLA Formatting • Spacing (text) • Margins • Header or Heading?!! • Works cited page citations • In-text/parenthetical citations
Common writing errors • Passive and active voice • Dropped quotes • Misplaced modifier (funny mistakes)
Passive and active voice • Passive voice: subject receives the action of the verb(s): Example: The ball was thrown by the pitcher. • Active voice: The subject is doing the action: Example: The pitcher threw the ball. • Which is preferable and why?
Why use active voice? • promotes conciseness. • promotes clarity. • promotes strong verb usage. Why use passive voice? • When the focus is on the action OR • the agent is unknown
Decide what voice each sentence uses (passive or active) • Retailers nationwide and around the world carry many types of snowboards, and the consumers possess an immense choice in specially made snowboarding gear. • In 1965, the Snurfer (a word play on snow and surfer) was developed by inventors as a child’s toy. • A collection of snowboarding tricks and stunts was released on video in 1996. • From the first crudely built snowboards to the advanced and specialized models available today, snowboarders have carried a bad boy image.
The 3 I’s of quoting and paraphrasing • Introduce • Incorporate • Interpret
Dropped or introduced? • Harriet Jacobs, a former slave from North Carolina, published an autobiographical slave narrative in 1861. She exposed the hardships of both male and female slaves but ultimately concluded that "slavery is terrible for men; but it is far more terrible for women” (Smith 83).
Dropped or introduced? • Holden gets frustrated and decides to leave. "People are always ruining things for you" (Salinger 88). Thus, Holden reveals his pessimistic nature.
What’s missing? • Gatsby is not to be regarded as a personal failure. "Gatsby turned out all right at the end" (Fitzgerald 176).
What’s missing? • Holden gets frustrated and decides to leave. "People are always ruining things for you.” Thus, Holden reveals his pessimistic nature.
Misplaced Modifier • Word, phrase or clause that seems to refer to an object in the sentence that it is not meant to refer to because of its placement in a sentence. Example: I had to take down the shutters painting the house yesterday. Question: What, according to the above sentence, is painting the house?
Corrected • Painting the house yesterday, I had to take down the shutters.
Short Stories • “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” • Literature terms: • Characterization: round or flat, static or dynamic. • Theme • Setting
“The Golden Kite, The silver Wind” • Literature terms: • Allegory • Narrator • Theme • Setting
“Checkouts” Theme Type of narrator and effect on the story “The Cask of Amontillado” Theme Unreliable narrator Literature terms: Irony Symbolism Reverse Psychology Gothic Literature – why?
“The Interlopers” • Literature terms: • Irony (situational and verbal) • Personification • Theme • Protagonist and Antagonist (how do we know?) • Setting • Mood
“The scarlet ibis” • Theme • Setting • Universal character • Flashback • Literature terms: • Foreshadowing • Symbol
“The Lottery” • Theme • Setting • Traditions • Literature terms: • Connotation/denotation • Irony • Foreshadowing • Symbol
Poetry • Denotative Meaning • Allusion • Connotative Meaning • Repetition • Personification • Rhythm • Alliteration • Parallel structure • Rhyme scheme • Poetic devices • Narrative poetry • Dramatic monologue (poems) • Lyric poetry • Imagery • Figurative language • Simile • Metaphor • Tone • Theme • Binary Oppositions
The Poems We Will Analyzed Together • Langston Hughes • “Harlem” • “Dreams” • Emily Dickinson • “I’m nobody! Who are you? ” • Alfred, Lord Tennyson • “The Eagle” • “The Charge of the Light Brigade” • Edgar Lee Masters • “George Gray” • Wislawa Szymborska • “Vietnam”
Poetry • Review & Know: • Poetry themes • How to identify and write rhyme scheme *Be prepared to read and analyze poems covered in class and new poems . . .