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Midterm Review

Midterm Review. Questions:. 1. Rockefeller sold: Oil 2. Carnegie sold: Steel 3. When workers stop working to get better pay etc it is called a: Strike 4. Workers form a group to fight for better rights and pay called: Labor Unions

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Midterm Review

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  1. Midterm Review

  2. Questions: • 1. Rockefeller sold: • Oil • 2. Carnegie sold: • Steel • 3. When workers stop working to get better pay etc it is called a: • Strike • 4. Workers form a group to fight for better rights and pay called: • Labor Unions • 5. When there is only one seller of a product or service the company has a: • Monopoly

  3. Questions: • 6. What impact did Thomas Edison have on society? • Electricity made things like refrigeration and new inventions possible • 7. When a stronger country takes over a weaker country politically, economically, socially, religiously, and militarily: • Imperialism • 8. Why did the U.S. want to expand? • New markets for their goods, naval bases • 9. The purchase of which state was called “Seward’s Folly”? • Alaska • 10. Why was it called Seward's Folly? • Americans thought it was too expensive and a waste since gold had not yet been discovered.

  4. Questions: • 11. Why did the Chinese rebels have the Boxer Rebellion? • They wanted to get rid of foreigners in China • 12. What Secretary of State got the Open Door Policy? • John Hay • 14. Why was the Open Door policy important? • The U.S. gained the ability to trade with China and get new customers for their goods • 15. What event led to the Spanish American War? • The blowing up of the U.S.S. Maine

  5. Questions: • 16. What was the result of the Spanish American War? • The U.S. gained Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam • 17. Why did the U.S. want to build the Panama Canal? • To make trade faster between the Atlantic and pacific Oceans • 18. What is yellow journalism? • When a story is exaggerated • 19. Pulitzer & Hearst used yellow journalism for what reason? • To gain sympathy for the Cuban rebels • 20. Who said “Speak Softly, But Carry a Big Stick’? • Teddy Roosevelt

  6. Questions: • 21. Why did the Americans want control of Hawaii? • For a naval base • *22. What is the name of the naval base the U.S. gained on Hawaii? • Pearl Harbor • *23. When a country takes over a wekaer country and makes it a part of their country it is called: • Annexation • *24. Who led a revolt against the queen of Hawaii? • Sanford Dole • *25. Who was the U.S. admiral in charge of eth Pacific Fleet? • George Dewey

  7. Questions: • *26. What was the distribution of welth like in the early 1900’s? • A handful of people were rich, but most people were very poor • *27. Why was it hard for workers to get the rights they wanted? • There were too many immigrants willing to take their jobs • *28. What is the Melting Pot Theory? • Immigrants should assimilate and speak English • 29. Give four work conditions in the factory in the early 1900’s. • Low pay, poor conditions, unsafe, long hours, no benefits

  8. Questions: • 30. What event led to the outbreak of WWI? • The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand • 31. What was the nickname for U.S. soldiers in WWI? • Doughboys • 32. Why did the U.S. finally join WWI? • They were anger at Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare • 33. True/False Women could fight in combat in WWI. • False • 34. True/ False African American troops were segregated from white troops in WWI. • True • 35. What date was the armistice signed? • November 11th, 1918

  9. Questions: • 36. What was the Schlieffen Plan? • The German plan to attack France through neutral Belgium • 37. Name four countries who were the Central Powers. • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire • 38. Name four countries who were part of the Allied Powers. • U.S., France, Great Britain, Italy, Russia • 39. What could Americans do to support the war? • Buy bonds, cut back on wheat, meat and gas • 40. How did the U.S. raise money for the war? • Taxes and victory and liberty bonds

  10. Questions: • *41. Payments made for damages in war are called: • Reparations • 42. Give three demands that were mad eon Germany by the Treaty of Versailles. • They had to pay reparations, take full blame, reduce their military • *43. The international body created to stop future wars was called? • League of Nations • *44. What was the act that drafted men 21-30 during WWI? • Selective Service Act • 45. True/False New technology like machine guns, poisonous gas, tanks, and planes were used in WWI. • True • 46. What year did the U.S. enter WWI? • 1917-not immediately when the war started in 1914

  11. Questions: • 47. What did the Sacco and Vanzetti case show in the 1920’s? • Discrimination against immigrants in the court system • 48. Who made the first solo flight form NY to Paris? • Charles Lindbergh • 49. True/False Baseball players like Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig made sports popular in the 1920’s. • True • 50. What was the biggest form of entertainment in the 1920’s? • Radio • *51. What is shell shock? • When soldiers go crazy from war • *52. Rotting of the feet because of being in water for too long during war is called: • Trench Foot

  12. Questions: • *53. Salvation Army women who served donuts to the troops during WWI were called: • Donut Dollies • 54. When you buy something now but pay it back in monthly payments it is called: • Installment Plans • 55. People who make illegal alcohol were called: • Bootleggers • 56. The Scopes Trial showed the argument between: • Science v. Religion • 57. Illegal bars in the 1920’s were called: • Speakeasies

  13. Questions: • 58: Flappers were: • Rebellious women who wear short dresses and hair and smoked cigarettes in the 1920’s • 59. The Great Migration was when African Americans moved from ______ to ______. • South to North • 60. The rebirth of the African American culture was known as: • Harlem Renaissance • 61. How did Henry Ford make cars more affordable? • He invented the assembly line

  14. Questions: • *62. Who was the first communist leader of the Soviet Union after WWI? • Vladimir Lenin • *63. Women who were radio operators during WWI were called: • Hello Girls • 64. What were the 4 MAIN causes of WWI? • Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, Nationalism • Define each • *65. What countries made up the Big Four during the Treaty of Versailles? • U.S. (Wilson), Great Britain (Georges), France (Clemeneau), Italy (Orlando) • 66. Did the U.S. Congress sign the treaty of Versailles? • No • 67. Why? • They did not want to join the League of Nations or get involved in a future war • *68. What was the Zimmerman note? • A telegram Germany sent Mexico to try to get them to join WWI • *69. Why did Russia pull out of WWI early? • They had a lot of casualties

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