Iroquois Nation By: David Coleman, Jennifer Rubio, and Ty Higginbottom
Location • The Location of the Iroquois aka the Iroquois Confederacy is located in present day New York.
Associates • The Iroquois civilization was made up of the 5 nations. • The 5 nations were a union of Native Americans made up of different civilizations
Homes • The Iroquois made their homes out of mud and fur straw. • The Iroquois were settled farmers so they lived in settled villages. • They had tall watch towers and a fence-like mechanism to protect their village. • They also lived in Longhouses- (long and narrow bark covered houses with two doors and no windows)
Culture • The Mohawks were experts in many fields including agriculture • Mohawks practice their traditions and sacred ceremonies in traditional Longhouses. • Failure to do that would be in great violation of the teachings passed down by the Creator
Food • The Mohawks planted corn, beans, and squash and they hunted game and birds, they fished, and they gathered wild plants, berries, seeds, and nuts.
Daily Life (Men) • They in charge of hunting, trading, and war. Mohawk women were in charge of farming, property, and family. • Only men represented the Mohawks at the Iroquois Great Council. • They took part in storytelling, artwork and music, and traditional medicine.
Daily Life (Women) • They took care of the crops. • Mohawk clans were always ruled by women, who made all the land and resource decisions for each clan. • Only women voted to determine who the Mohawk representatives would be. • Took part in storytelling, artwork and music, and traditional medicine.
Warfare • The Mohawks engaged in the American Revolutionary War. • They sided with the British. • In the Pequot War (1634–1638) the Algonquian wanted an alliance with the Mohawk, but the Mohawk did not take it. • The Mohawk never really defended; they mostly attacked or surprised the Algonquian’s during the war.
Warfare • In 1666, the French attacked the Mohawk, stealing food, and burning down homes. • They used bows and arrows, spears, and knives until the English came and traded guns. • During the French and Indian War, the Mohawk Valley was a prime strategic tool for the British and the Mohawk’s. • They surrounded the Great Lakes, threatening the French.
Warfare • The Mohawk’s blended in with the woods, with the paint that they put on their selves. • Also, the Mohawk’s were trained to run fast, but also run quietly. • Running quietly and fast allowed them to sneak up on the French and attack.
Warfare The Pequot War Bow and Arrow
Books/Historical Events • Drums Along the Mohawk (1936) is a novel by American author Walter D. Edmonds which follows the lives of fictional Gil and Lana Martin, settlers in the Mohawk Valley of the New York frontier during the American Revolution. • A Gift to the Seventh Generation The Legacy of Loran "Kanonsase" Pyke, which was by Darren Bonaparte. • This document talked about the lives of the Mohawk and their point of view.
Books/Historical Events • The Mohawk’s and the British forming an alliance. • Also the French burning down the Mohawk’s land and stealing their food. • The Pequot War against the Algonquian Indians. • They actually won!
Famous members/leaders • The Bear Clan: Joseph Brant (Thayendanagea), Hiawatha (Mohawk), the Unifer, Red Jacket Seneca Chief, Handsome Lake (Seneca Chief), Cornplanter, King Hendrick (Mohawk Chief), John Brant, Albert Cusick, and the Four Indian Chiefs (Canajoharie Mohawk Chief, Mohawk Chief, King Hendrick, Mohegan) the fifth died along the trip to England. • We will give you information on King Hendrick.
King Hendrick • Mohawk chief (1680-1755) • He was an ally of William Johnson and the English • His father was a Mohegan and his mother was a Mohawk • He once met Queen Anne in England, and therefore was named "King Hendrick.” • He joined English attacks against the French, and openly criticized British army strategy. • He was killed at the Battle of Lake George in 1755.
Where are they now? • Members of the Mohawk tribe now live in settlements spread throughout the New England area. • They also live in Canada as well. • They didn’t say of how many Mohawks’ still exist, but over all the six tribes, there are less than 20,000.
Video of Iroquois • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YWvOvqsrOwM&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
Bibliography • http://www.tolatsga.org/iro.html • http://www.angelfire.com/mi4/polcrt/Hendrick.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohawk_nation#Longhouses • http://www.bigorrin.org/mohawk_kids.htm • http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports1/iroquois2.htm