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Phonics Workshop

Phonics Workshop

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Phonics Workshop

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  1. Phonics Workshop

  2. Aims • To develop parents’ confidence in helping their children with phonics and reading • To teach the basics of phonics and some useful phonics terms • To outline the different stages in phonic development • To show examples of activities and resources we use to teach phonics • To share websites which parents can use to support their children • To give parents an opportunity to ask questions

  3. Why phonics? Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way – starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read. It is particularly helpful for children aged 5 to 7. Almost all children who receive good teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment. Children who have been taught phonics also tend to read more accurately than those taught using other methods, such as ‘look and say’. This includes children who find learning to read difficult, for example those who have dyslexia. If you would like to find out more about phonics, visit the phonics section of the Department for Education website.

  4. Phonics is all about using … knowledge of the alphabet skills for reading and spelling + Learning phonics will help your child to become a good reader and writer.

  5. Every child in FS and KS1 learns daily phonics at their level They are grouped according to their ability. Phonics gradually progresses to learning spellings – rules etc.

  6. Every day the children have 15 minute • sessions of phonics. • • Fast paced approach • Lessons encompass a range of games, • songs and rhymes based on Jolly Phonics. • We use the Letters and Sounds planning document to support the teaching of phonics • There are 6 phonics phases which the children work through at their own pace Daily Phonics

  7. Review – revisit previous sounds learnt Teach – New sound of the day or tricky word. Emphasis on sound it makes and letter formation. Practise – practise writing with chalk, on whiteboards or segmenting and blending to read Apply – Environment set up for children to practise throughout day Daily Phonics

  8. In school, we follow the Letters and Sounds programme. Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills which consists of six phases.

  9. Terminology Phoneme Graphemes Segmenting and blending Digraph Trigraph Split digraph Abbreviations

  10. Phase 1 • There are 7 aspects with 3 strands. • A1 – Environmental • A2 – Instrumental sounds • A3 – Body Percussion • A4 – Rhythm and rhyme • A5 – Alliteration • A6 – Voice sounds • A7 – Oral blending and segmenting.

  11. Phase 2 • Set 1: s, a, t, p • Set 2: i, n, m, d • Set 3: g, o, c, k • Set 4: ck, e, u, r • Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

  12. Phase 2:Learning phonemes to read and write simple words • Children will learn their first 19 phonemes: Set 1: s a t p Set 2: i n m d Set 3: g o c k Set 4:ck (as in duck) e u r Set 5: h b l f ff (as in puff) ll (as in hill) ss (as in hiss) • They will use these phonemes to read and spell simple “consonant-vowel-consonant” (CVC) words: sat, tap, dig, duck, rug, puff, hill, hiss All these words contain 3 phonemes

  13. Saying the sounds • Sounds should be articulated clearly and precisely. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWQ6MeccRCU

  14. Phase 3 • Set 6: j, v, w, x • Set 7: y, z, zz, qu • Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng • Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

  15. They will use these phonemes (and the ones from Phase 2) to read and spell words: chip, shop, thin, ring, pain, feet, night, boat, boot, look, farm, fork, burn, town, coin, dear, fair, sure

  16. Phase 4 • This phase consolidates all the children have learnt in the previous phases.

  17. Phase 5 • Children will be taught new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these graphemes. • Vowel digraphs: wh, ph, ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, ew, oe, au • Split digraphs: a_e, e_e, i_e, o_e, u_e

  18. The grapheme ‘ea’ say ‘e

  19. Phase 6 • The focus is on learning spelling rules for suffixes. -s -es -ing -ed -er -est -y -en -ful -ly -ment -ness

  20. Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Segmenting • Children need to be able to hear a whole word and say every sound that they hear .

  21. Segmenting • Breaking down words for spelling. cat c a t

  22. Segmenting Queen quee n

  23. Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Blending • Children need to be able to hear the separate sounds in a word and then blend them together to say the whole word .

  24. Blending Building words from phonemes to read. c a t cat

  25. Blending Quee n queen

  26. What does a Phonics lesson look like?

  27. Year 1 Phonics Screening Check What is the phonics screening check? • The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge. • It helps the school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress. • This takes place early in the summer term. Children are expected to read both real and pseudo (nonsense) words. It is simply a test of their phonic knowledge and blending skills, rather than a general reading test.

  28. Year 1 Phonics Test

  29. Is there anything I can do at home?

  30. HOW CAN I HELP AT HOME? Oral blending: the robot game Children need to practise hearing a series of spoken sounds and merging them together to make a word. For example, you say ‘b-u-s’, and your child says ‘bus’. Using the environment to spot sounds/words they already know.

  31. How can I help at home?

  32. How can I help at home? http://www.phonicsplay.co.uk

  33. HOW CAN I HELP AT HOME?

  34. How can I help at home? • Sound books for Reception • Practise the phonemes together using sound mat • Use as flashcards and use them to make different words at home and play phonics games. • Reading books will be sent home Useful websites www.phonicsplay.co.uk www.bbc.co.uk (phonics part) www.familylearning.org.uk (Phonic games) http://www.communication4all.co.uk/http/PhonicsPlus.htm http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/phase-3-games.html

  35. Don’t forget… Learning to read should be fun for both children and parents.

  36. Thank you for coming  Any questions? Please have a look at some of the resources we use.