1 According to the Constitution, who would become the new President of the United States if the President and Vice President were both unable to serve as President for some reason? a. The Secretary of State b. The Speaker of the House c. The President pro Tempore d. The First Lady
2 When the Supreme Court or other appellate courts look over other cases and decide if a case or a law is constitutional is known as a. Marque and Reprisal b. Jurisprudence c. Elastic Clause d. Judicial Review
3 What is federalism? a. a system of government in which the central government has all the powers of government b. a system of government that keeps each branch of government from having too much power c. a system of government in which powers of government are shared between the national and state governments d. a system of government in which the state governments have all the powers of government
c. a system of government in which powers of government are shared between the national and state governments
4 Which of the following federal officials must be a U.S. citizen by birth? a. members of the U.S. House of Representatives b. members of the U.S. Senate c. President of the United States d. Supreme Court Justices
5 Who is the Commander in Chief of the American military? a. President of the United States b. United States Congress c. Chairman of the Joint Chief d. Commander General of the United States
6 What determines how many representatives each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives? a. Equal representation for all states b. Representation is based on the state’s population c. Representation is based on the state’s land size or area d. Representation is based upon the amount of taxes each state pays
7 Why did the framers of the Constitution create a system of checks and balances? a. to outline the powers held by each branch of government b. to keep any one branch of government from becoming too powerful c. to give the people an opportunity to control the branches of government d. to strengthen the powers held by each branch of government
8 What is the Bill of Rights? a. a document added to the Constitution to protect the rights of individual citizens b. a document used to limit the powers of state governments c. a document outlining the rights of the federal government d. a document stating the ways in which citizens can participate in government
a. a document added to the Constitution to protect the rights of individual citizens
9 What is one reason the U.S. Constitution has survived for more than 200 years? a. the Bill of Rights b. the flexibility of the Constitution to meet the needs of a changing nation c. the Federalists and their arguments supporting the Constitution d. the Antifederalists and their arguments against the Constitution
b. the flexibility of the Constitution to meet the needs of a changing nation
10 All of the following were granted in the First Amendment EXCEPT a. The Freedom of Speech b. The Freedom of Bearing Arms or weapons c. The Freedom of the Press d. The Freedom of Religion
11 What is the doctrine of separation of powers? a. It relates to the principle of checks and balances, which supports the unlimited power of the government. b. It divides the powers of government so that no one branch becomes to strong or has too much power c. It means that each branch of government can boost the power and responsibilities of the other branches. d. It is intended to enable the federal government to declare war with the combined approval of all three branches.
b. It divides the powers of government so that no one branch becomes to strong or has too much power
12 What proportion of both houses of Congress must vote in favor of a bill in order to override a president’s veto? a. one-third b. one-half c. two-thirds d. three-quarters
13 What is the function of Congress in the federal government? a. Congress is the head of the judicial branch, which enforces the nation’s laws. b. Congress is the legislative branch, which makes the nation’s laws. c. The judicial branch is led by Congress, which interprets the nation’s laws. d. The executive branch is led by Congress, which vetoes the nation’s laws.
b. Congress is the legislative branch, which makes the nation’s laws.
14 Which scenario plays out if a state and federal law conflict a. Based upon the Elastic Clause, state and federal officials will work out a compromise b. Based upon the Supremacy Clause, the federal law will rule over the state law c. Based upon the States’ Rights Clause, the state law will rule over the federal law d. Based upon the Equality Clause, half the year the state law will be observed and the other half of the year the federal law will be observed.
b. Based upon the Supremacy Clause, the federal law will rule over the state law
15 What fraction of the states must approve an amendment for the constitution to be changed? a. one more than half b. 2/3 c. 3/4 d. 4/5
16 On what grounds can a federal court strike down a state or federal law? a. The law is unconstitutional. b. The law overlaps existing laws. c. The law goes against existing laws. d. The law repeats basic common sense.
17 What checks do the other two branches of government have on the judicial branch? a. Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the President and can be impeached by Congress. b. Supreme Court decisions can be vetoed by the President and overridden by Congress. c. Supreme Court facilities can be relocated by the President and have funding cut by Congress. d. Supreme Court cases are reviewed by the President and can be overruled by Congress.
a. Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the President and can be impeached by Congress.
18 Why did James Madison promise to add a bill of rights to the Constitution? a. Americans feared that a strong central government might take away the rights that states had granted to individuals. b. Colonists feared that federalist politicians would use federal law to prevent militias from protecting themselves. c. Americans feared that a strong central government might attempt to enter people’s homes and collect personal information. d. Colonists feared that federalist politicians would accuse their critics of treason and try them without a jury.
a. Americans feared that a strong central government might take away the rights that states had granted to individuals.
19 The power to declare war belongs to a. the President b. the Supreme Court c. the Congress d. the State Legislatures
20 An important check on the power of the president is that a. the Senate and the House of Representatives make the laws. b. the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional. c. Congress has the power to override a presidential veto of a bill. d. the vice-president can be removed from office by Congress.
21 According to the Fourth Amendment, what MUST the authorities get before a citizen’s property can be searched? a. an indictment b. a search warrant c. a pardon d. a writ of assistance
22 Judicial review allows the Supreme Court a. to veto a law passed by Congress. b. to decide whether or not a law is constitutional. c. to judge cases involving the president and other government officials. d. all of the above
23 Which of the following must occur for Congress to override a presidential veto of a bill? a. One house must pass the bill by a two-thirds majority. b. Both houses must pass the bill by a two-thirds majority. c. One house must pass the bill by a three-fourths majority. d. Both houses must pass the bill by a three-fourths majority.
24 Which of the following has the power to make treaties with foreign governments? a. the Congress b. the Supreme Court c. the President d. the Secretary of War
25 The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws that Congress passes unconstitutional is an example of which of the following principles? a. checks and balances b. federalism c. individual rights d. republicanism