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The Amendments

The Amendments

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The Amendments

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  1. The Amendments Holmen Middle School 8th Grade

  2. Religious and Political Freedom • Freedom of religion • No establishment of an official religion or prohibiting free exercise of (separation of church and state) • Freedom of the press • Freedom of speech • Freedom of assembly • Freedom to petition Amendment 1 1791

  3. Right to Bear Arms • Right to own a firearm Amendment 2 1791

  4. Quartering Troops • Right to protection from troops being quartered in homes during peacetime. Amendment 31791

  5. Search & Seizure: • Right against unreasonable search and seizure (persons, houses,& papers) • Warrants require probable cause and must be specific Amendment 41791

  6. Rights of Accused Persons • must be indicted by a Grand Jury • cannot be tried for the same crime twice (double jeopardy) • cannot be forced to testify against yourself • right to a fair trial with all proper legal rights enforced (due process) • right to fair compensation when the Gov’t takes your property for public use (eminent domain) Amendment 51791

  7. Right to a Speedy, Public Trial • Right to be informed of the charges against you • Right to a trial where committed crime • Right to a speedy and public trial • Right to an impartial jury • Right to face witnesses against you in court • Right to counsel (a lawyer) • Right to call witnesses in your defense Amendment 61791

  8. #7: Trial by Jury in Civil Cases • Right to a trial by jury in a civil case (non-criminal case) if exceeds twenty dollars #8: Limits of Fines and Punishment Amendments 7 & 8 1791

  9. Rights of People • Guarantee that rights not listed in the Constitution are still protected and retained by the people Amendment 91791

  10. Powers of States and People • Guarantee that the people and the states have all of the powers not specifically delegated the federal government (reserved powers) Amendment 101791

  11. Lawsuits Against States: state immunity • Limits the ability of a person to sue a state • Allows a person to sue if a state denies their rights Amendment 111795

  12. Election of Executives: President and Vice President • Electors to the Electoral College are to cast one vote for President and separate vote for Vice President • The House elects the President if no candidate gets an electoral majority (each state w/1 vote) • The Senate elects the Vice President if no candidate gets an electoral majority Amendment 121804

  13. Slavery Abolished • Slavery is no longer legal Amendment 131865

  14. Equal Protection under law: • All citizens are guaranteed equal treatment and protection under the law (due process) / no state can deny rights • Bars former Confederates from holding office • Declares Confederate debt null and void Amendment 141868

  15. Right to Vote • Insured all men the right to vote, not dependent on color of skin Amendment 151870

  16. Income Tax • Grants Congress the power to collect taxes on income • Money collected does not have to be reapportioned to states based on population Amendment 161913

  17. Direct Election of Senators • Senators are to be elected by the people Amendment 171913

  18. Prohibition • After one year from the ratification of this amendment, the sale, manufacturing, transportation, or importation of alcohol is illegal Amendment 181919

  19. Women’s Suffrage • Women are granted the right to vote Amendment 191920

  20. “Lame Duck” Sessions • President and Vice President are sworn into office on Jan. 20th (moved from March 4th) • Congress meets at least once a year on Jan. 3rd Amendment 201933

  21. Repeal of Prohibition • Alcohol can again be served, bought, and sold legally Amendment 211933

  22. Limit of Presidential Terms • No person can serve in the Presidency more than two terms • They can serve two years of the previous presidency if the President is unable to complete his term Amendment 221951

  23. #23: Voting in the District of Columbia • D.C. has three electoral college votes #24: Abolition of Poll Taxes • Poll taxes illegal in federal elections Amendments 23 & 241961 & 1964

  24. Presidential Disability and Succession • In case of removal from office, the Vice President shall become President • If vacancy in VP office, President shall nominate a candidate and be subject to approval by majority vote in both houses of Congress • If President unable to serve, power will be signed over to VP Amendment 251967

  25. 18-Year-Old Vote • Any citizen 18years or older shall not be denied the right to vote Amendment 261971

  26. Congressional Pay • No change in pay (raises) shall take effect until after the next Congressional election Amendment 271992

  27. #1: Freedoms Amendment #2: Right to Bear Arms #9: Rights of the People #10: Power of the States and the People #14: Equal protection under the Law Categories of AmendmentsPersonal Liberties

  28. #3: No Quartering of Troops #4: Search and Seizure Rights Categories of AmendmentsPolicing

  29. #5: Rights of the Accused #6: Right to a Speedy Trial #7: Trial by Jury #8: No Excessive punishment or fines Categories of AmendmentsRights of the Accused

  30. #11: State Immunity In Lawsuits Categories of AmendmentsStates’ Rights

  31. #12: Election of Executive Branch #20: “Lame Duck” Sessions #22: Term Limit on President #25: Presidential Disability and Succession Categories of AmendmentsPresident/Executive Rights

  32. #13: Abolition of Slavery Categories of AmendmentsSlavery

  33. #15: All Males Right to Vote #17: Direct Election of Senators #19: Women’s Suffrage #23: Voting in D.C. #24: Abolition of Poll Taxes #26: 18-Year-Old Vote Categories of AmendmentsVoting Rights

  34. #16: Income Tax #18: Prohibition #21: Prohibition Repealed Categories of AmendmentsTaxes/Regulations

  35. #27: Congressional Payment Categories of AmendmentsCongress