War Breaks Out in EuropeWorld War I:(1914-1918) Chapter 24, Section 1
Essential Question: • What justifies a country going to war?
The “Spark” of WWI: • The Assassination of the Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria on June 28th, 1914 • Assassin was a Serbian Citizen • Austria & Serbia HATED Each Other!
The “Powder Keg” of Europe: • Colonel House Came Back from Europe (1914) & Reported to Woodrow Wilson that Europe is a “Open Keg of Gun Powder!” • All it Needs is a SPARK for a World War to Break Out! • What Did He Mean by Europe Being a “Powder Keg?”
4 Underlying Causes of WWI: “The Powder Keg” • Imperialism • Nationalism • Militarism • Alliances • “The Spark” = Assassination of the Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary
Imperialism in Africa 1914 • Britain, France, Germany & Italy Had Many Colonies in Africa & Asia • Germany Had VERY FEW Colonies in Africa & None in Asia! (Jealous) • All European Countries Wanted Colonies to Get Rich & Powerful!
Nationalism • Feelings of Pride, Loyalty & Being Protective of Your Country • Nationalism = Want to Prove Your Country is the Best! • Willing to Defend/ Fight For Your Country!
Nationalism Continued… • Tell Story of Post 9/11 Commercials • Play “Proud To Be An American” on IPod • Play Whitney Houston’s National Anthem on IPod/You Tube at Super Bowl 25 (1991 War in Iraq)
Militarism • Belief that Country Needs a Large Military to Be Powerful! • European Countries Were Building Up Their Armies & Navies Prior to WWI • If You Build 1 Tank, I Have to Build 2. If I Have 2, You Build 4. If I Have 4…
Alliances • Think of OUR WWI Role Play… • A Small Fight Becomes a HUGE War if Everyone is Involved! • Central Powers vs. Allies
Central Powers: • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey) & Bulgaria • Why Do YOU Think They Were Called the Central Powers? • What Might They Have Been AFRAID Of?
The Allies • Serbia, Russia, France, Great Britain, Italy & 7 Other Countries
Germany’s 1st Goal: France • Germany 1st Wanted to Take Over France • Had to Go Through Belgium to Get to France • Germany Wanted to Capture Paris: • The Capital of France • Why Do You ALWAYS Capture the Capital 1st? (9/11/01)
1st Battle of the Marne River • Germans Conquer Belgium & Reach the Marne River • 40 Miles Outside of Paris • British Helped the French STOP Germany’s Advance • Trench Warfare Started!
Trench Warfare • Trench Warfare Lasted for 3+ Years • Battle Lines Remained Virtually the Same (1914-1917) • Neither Side Could Win a Clear Victory • Trenches Stretched From the English Channel All the Way Through France to Switzerland
Battle of the Somme • Occurred Over 5 Months in 1916 • Over 1.2 Million Soldiers Killed: • British Lost 400,000+ • German Lost 600,000+ • French 200,000+ • Only Won 7 Miles of Land (Valhalla to Pleasantville)
Trench Foot • Soldiers Had to Stay in the Trenches • Avoided Sniper Fire/Artillery Shells Machine Gun Fire • Lived in Mud for Years! (Rats too!) • Where Do YOU Go the Bathroom?
New Technologies of WWI • Everyone Thought WWI Would Be Over Quickly Because of New Weapons • New Technologies Led to MORE DEATH!
WWI Tanks • British Invented Tanks! • Smashed Through Barbed Wire, Crossed Trenches, Cleared Paths