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Swimmers With A Disability (PARA) Classification & Technical Rules
What Is In This Presentation • New Officials on the deck • Classification (Why What Who and How) • Disabilities different • Code for Exceptions (for specific swimmers, because of limitations) • Technical Rules • Start, Stroke, and Finish
What is in this Presentation • Support Staff (SS) • Protest • How the meets are set up • SNC/IPC Rule Differences • Where to find all the information • IPC Swimming – Application for Event Approval • Questionnaire • Roles & Responsibilities of SNC
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International Paralympic Committee Swimming (IPC) Competition Designation • IPC Swimming Competitions • Paralympics, IPC Worlds, IPC Regionals Championships, & World Cup Finals • IPC Sanctioned Competition • World Cup Circuit • IPC approved competitions • National, International Competitions, endorsed by their NPC (Can Am)
New Officials on Deck Most National/International meets have the following Officials on the Deck: • Technical Delegate (TD) • Technical Official (TO) • Medical Classifier • Technical Classifiers • Extra Office Staff
Technical Delegate (TD) • Similar to our SNC Competition Coordinator • Oversees the IPC Swimming Classification of swimmers before and during the meet. • Coordinates the Technical, Medical Classifiers, and Technical Officials (TO). • Approves the results and records • This becomes the job of the TO at Domestic meets.
Medical Classifier • Is a Physiotherapist or Doctor • Does the bench test • Observes the swimmer in the water prior to and during competition (from the stands or pool deck) • Available to the TO to consult on a swimmer’s ability to do a stroke • Assigns the swimmer a classification and does the exceptions
TO • May assist with classifying swimmers before and during the meet. • May assist with creation of exceptions for each swimmer, which will appear on the heat sheets. • During a competition one on either side of the pool to observe the swimmers. Walks with the Stroke Judge. • Approves and signs all DQ’s made by Referee, Starter and S/T Judges, to ensure the swimmer’s stroke meets the rule exception.
TO • Converts times into points Swim Canada website at https://www.swimming.ca/FemaleParaSwimming - Women https://www.swimming.ca/MaleParaSwimming - Men • The highest points are the medal winners • Creates the start lists for finals, if there are finals
Swim Meet Exercises50M Free Female • Use the web address below and calculate the Points and Lanes for Finals for the swimmers below • https://www.swimming.ca/FemaleParaSwimming • Female 50m Freestyle Prelim 6 230 5 181 4 538 3 166 2 -141 0 7 -496 0
Swim Meet Exercises50M Free Male • Use the web address below and calculate the Points and Lanes for Finals for the swimmers below • https://www.swimming.ca/MaleParaSwimming • Male 50m Freestyle Prelim 756 5 666 4 0 -519 7 0 -134 3 0 2 -323 0 -400 6
Swim Meet Exercises50M Free Final Female • Use the web address below and calculate the Points and Medals for the swimmers below • https://www.swimming.ca/FemaleParaSwimming • Female 50m Freestyle Finals 155 3 135 4 1 625 2 202 -200 0 5 -550 0 6
Swim Meet Exercises50M Free Final Male • Use the web address below and calculate the Points and Medals for the swimmers below • https://www.swimming.ca/MaleParaSwimming • Male 50m Freestyle Finals 700 1 622 2 5 -673 0 - -29 0 3 -312 0 4
What is Classification? Grouping of swimmers with like abilities for the purpose of competing in sport in a fair field for competition. Why Classify? To ensure a fair and level playing field for all competitors. Layman’s Guide to Classifications is located at https://www.swimming.ca/guidetoclassification
Disabilities Included Locomotor disability Spinal injured Cerebral palsy Head Injuries Amputees Dysmelia Achrondroplasia Arthrogryphosis Cognitive Disabilities Visually Impaired
Disabilities Not Included Transplants Deaf Learning disabilities Diabetes Epilepsy “Awkward” child Developmental delay ADD
Swimming Classifications SB = Breaststroke, SM = IM, S = the rest Visually Impaired class S/SB/SM 11, 12, 13 Locomotor Disabilities class S/SB/SM 1 – 10 (SB9) Cognitive Disabilities class S/SB/SM 14 Special Olympics Not yet These will be listed on your Start List/Heat sheets after the last name of the swimmer You may have to make a list and distribute it
CAN CANADA NPC Status Gender Family Name Given Name Exceptions Classification Review CAN C M Murphy Danial A 1,5,12+ S5 SB5 SM5 CAN C W Stanczak Kirby WAFY 1,2,12 S3 SB3 SM3 The DVZ 10,11,14,* Have been removed from the code of exceptions. This is a sample of the classification and exceptions found on the IPC Swimming website for Canadian swimmers. https://www.swimming.ca/ParaswimmingClassification The classification and exceptions are produced from the bench and water test done by the Medical and Technical Classifier
Codes for Exceptions W – Water Start - MUST start in water F – Feet Start – Support Staff (SS) holds swimmer’s feet to the wall H – Hearing impaired light or signal required Y - Starting Device - Water starts, belt, towel etc.
Codes for Exceptions E - Unable to Grip For Backstroke Start – Support Staff can hold the swimmer A – Assistance required – Support Staff, Officials, if requested by the swimmer may steady only T – Tappers - Must have one at each end and they must tap the swimmer. A miss is a DQ.
Codes for Exceptions During Swimming Even numbers are right side Odd numbers are left side 1 to 7 deal with hands, 8 to 12+ deal with feet and only Breaststroke
Codes for Exceptions 0 – Nil 1 - One Hand Start 2 - R Hand touch 3 - L Hand touch 4 - R Hand touch with simultaneous intent 5 - L Hand touch with simultaneous intent
Codes for Exceptions 6 - Simultaneous intent to touch 7 - Part of upper body must touch 8 to 12, and + are Breaststroke ONLY 8 - R Foot must turn out 9 - L Foot must turn out 12 - Leg Drag or Show Intent to Kick + - Able to do fly kick - illegal other then start and turn
Technical Rules for Swimmers with a Disability
Rule Book • Have copies of the IPC Swimming Rule Book available on deck, you can not remember all the rules. http://www.ipc-swimming.org/Rules_Regulations/ • An SNC rule book is located at the Swim Canada web site and has an abridged version of the IPC rules (may be outdated) https://www.swimming.ca/SwimmingRules
IPC Swimming Disqualification Descriptors • Descriptor allow rapid reference to where the DQ is found in the IPC Swimming Rule Book. • This should never replace knowing the Rule Book, and where things are located. • You should go through the Rule Book and become familiar with the layout, which follows the FINA book as much as possible.
Rules Cognitive Disabilities: class S/SB/SM 14 No exceptions
18.104.22.168 The Start 3.1 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 Locomotor Disabilities Use the Rule book and go over the Rules 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11
The Start 3.1 Classes S1, S2, S3 Feet/foot hold Start Legal Must be stationary after ‘Take Your Marks’. NO sculling Not legal
The Start 3.1 Deaf or Hearing Impaired 3.1.7 3.1.8
Strokes USE COMMON SENSE Freestyle • 3.2 Definition Backstroke • 18.104.22.168 Exception E The Code of Exceptions, match the rules.
Strokes Breaststroke - 3.4.1 • After the start & each turn the swimmer MAY take ONE arm stroke completely back to the legs during which the swimmer MAY be submerged. • A single butterfly kick is permitted during the first arm stroke, followed by a breaststroke kick. 3.4.2 …. All movement of the arms shall be ……. 3.4.3 …. Hands on, over or under the water…. …. elbows under except turn or finish….. The hands shall not be brought back beyond the hip line except start and turn.
Strokes 22.214.171.124 Breaststroke • 3.4.4 Exceptions 12 • 126.96.36.199 • 188.8.131.52 Exceptions 8, and 9 • 3.4.6, .1, .2, .3, .4, .5 Butterfly • 3.5.2, .1, .2, .3, .4 • 3.5.3, .1, • Breaststroke kick is NOT allowed 184.108.40.206
Strokes Butterfly (Continued) • 220.127.116.11 Exceptions 4, 5, and 6 • 18.104.22.168 Exception 7 • 22.214.171.124 Exceptions 2, and 3 • 126.96.36.199 Exceptions 4, and 5 • 188.8.131.52 • 184.108.40.206 • 3.5.5
Touches & Finishes • Breaststroke & Butterfly • Show intent to touch or simultaneous intent to touch • 1 asymmetric stroke when swimmer has no leg push-off
Support Staff Tapper/Tapping • an individual that indicates to the swimmers with a visual impairment they are approaching the end wall • An S11 being tapped requires two tappers one at each end of the pool, if 100 or more meters • All Tapping devices will be checked by the Referee or TO before being used.
Support Staff • The Tapper is not allowed to coach the swimmer, talking to the blind swimmer to advise where the blocks and steps are is allowed • S11/SB 11/SM 11 swimmers must wear opaque (blackened) goggles, • These will be checked by the Referee or TO at the completion of the race Tapper/Tapping
Support Staff Swimmer Assistant on Start Support staff can provide: - balance - holding of feet (S1,S2,S3) - fitting of straps - indicate start for deaf Assistance to enter and or exit the water ONE layer of towel is allowed to protect amputee’s legs
Protests • 2.10.1 Protests • breach of rules or safety of the competitor • against decisions of the referee… not allowed against decisions of fact • Decision of fact is • ‘There is no judgement call by an official in such circumstances. It happened; it is a fact.’ • Protest forms located at http://www.ipc-swimming.org/export/sites/ipc_sports_swimming/Downloads/05_01_2010_Protest_Form.pdf
Competition Structure • Meet Managers can integrate & run competitions by: • Classification, • World Performance Charts, • Seed by Time, • Seed by Event , • PARA swimming with Able Body • - Provided they have been classified and the meet entries show their classification (S6,SB5,SM6)
SNC/IPC Rule Differences • With the 2010-2014 Rule book issued February 21, 2010. • There are no longer any differences in the rules. • Exceptions are always in effect.
IPC Swimming Web Site http://www.ipc-swimming.org/news/ • About the sport (background) • News • Rules & Regulations • Current Rule Book • Records • application forms • Classification • swimmers by Country, • on line course
IPC Swimming Web Site Cont. • Officials • IPC Technical Officials • IPC Technical Officials Course • Calendar • IPC sanctioned and approved Meets • Downloads and Forms • Application for IPC Competition • Record Approval Forms • Technical Officials Log
SNC Web Site http://www.swimming.ca/ Along the top go to ‘PARA Teams’ then the drop down menu to ‘PARA Swimming’ • Explanation of PARA Swimming • Swimmers classification and exceptions list by Province • IPC Classifiers and Officials list • Guide to Classification • Can-Am Meet information
Swim Alberta Web Site http://www.swimalberta.ca/officials/para-officials-information.htm Application for World or Regional Records (link to IPC) • IPC Sanction Application (link to IPC) • Code for Exceptions (WORD) • SNC IPC DQ Quick Reference Infraction Card
Swim Alberta Web Site Cont. http://www.swimalberta.ca/officials/para-officials-information.htm Continued • SNC expenses Claim Form (EXCEL) • PARA Officials Presentation (POWER POINT) • USA Officials Application (WORD) • Wording for SNC/IPC DQ’s (WORD)