Introduction to Educational Research (5th ed.) Craig A. Mertler & C.M. Charles Chapter 12 Descriptive Research and Historical Research
The Nature of Descriptive Research and Historical Research • Two fairly similar approaches to research • Summary description: • Purpose—to show status by describing and then interpreting present (descriptive) and past (historical) situations, events, etc. • Hypotheses/questions—research questions are used more than hypotheses • Data—descriptions, analyses, opinions, scores, measurements, and statements from interviews, questionnaires, etc.
The Nature of Descriptive Research and Historical Research (Cont’d.) • Data sources—participants, procedures, informants, settings, records, objects, documents • Data collection—done by researcher, through administration of tests, questionnaires, and interviews • Data analysis—presentation of data in organized fashion (historical); sometimes data are converted to numbers for simplification and/or further analyses (descriptive/historical) • May be brief (descriptive) or substantially longer (historical)
Case Study Research • Descriptive or historical studies of a particular person, group, etc. • Uses the same approaches as previously described, but with a different focus
A Published Example of Descriptive Research Haberman, M. & Rickards, W. (1990). Urban teachers who quit: Why they leave and what they do. Urban Education, 25(3), 297–303. See “Additional Examples of Published Descriptive Research Studies” for 7 additional articles, available through ResearchNavigatorTM (http://www.researchnavigator.com)
A Published Example of Historical Research Durm, M. W. (1993). An A is not an A is not an A: A history of grading. The Educational Forum, 57, 294–297. See “Additional Examples of Published Historical Research Studies” for 9 additional articles, available through ResearchNavigatorTM (http://www.researchnavigator.com)