Discussion • Features: • Different • points of view • Topic sentence • Facts and • examples • Present tense • Impersonal • language • Subheadings Useful Connectives However, therefore, as a result, because, despite this, although, yet, compared with, also, since, nevertheless, some people say, on the other hand, possibly, finally, in conclusion, overall.
Explanation • Features • How or why • Paragraphs • Present tense • Impersonal style • Cause and • Effect • Technical words Useful connectives Time = first, then, next, gradually, meanwhile, once, after, while, finally. Cause = because, therefore, as a result, so by, consequently. Compare = on the other hand, although, unlike, however, compared with. Add = and, as well as, in addition, also.
Instruction • Features: • Instructional • verbs • goal or purpose • a list of things • needed • steps in time • order • bullet points Useful Connectives: Time/sequence: first, then, next, gradually, meanwhile once, after, when, while, finally. Add: and, as well as, also, too again, in addition.
Persuasion • Features • One point of view • Arguments to • support • Shock tactics, • humour, repetition • Authoritative words • Judgemental words • Present tense Useful connectives: Clearly, surely, obviously, unfortunately, naturally, not only, in particular, above all, especially, as a result, of course, because, it seems likely, in other words, as shown by, in my view/opinion.
Information Features • How things are/were • Facts not opinions • Facts into categories • Simple sentences • Paragraphs and subheadings • Technical terms • Present tense • General to detail Useful connectives [Cause] as a result; consequently; since; as long as; whenever; because; as; therefore; eventually [Compare/Contrast] in the same way; compared with; similarly; but; however; despite this; apart from; yet; nevertheless; instead
Recount Features • Retells • Introduction • Who, what, why, when and where • Past tense • First person • Chronological order • Summary conclusion Useful Connectives Then; next; afterwards; meanwhile; later; at the same time; as soon as; before; finally