2. Grammar monday • Learning Targets from Last Week: • I can recite the eight parts of speech from memory. • I can match definitions to the correct part of speech.
Review Parts of Speech 1. Draw the following chart and fill in the appropriate names for the eight parts of speech.
Review Definitions: • Your teacher will randomly call names. That student will give the correct part of speech for the definition provided.
Definition • a word that modifies a noun or pronoun. • Matches which part of speech?
a word that shows action, being, or links a subject to its subject complement.
shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence.
Practice: Last week your groups determined a great sentence written by one student. It was an expanded from a two word sentence. Now write that winning sentence on the board and identify and label as many parts of speech as you can. How did you do?
How would you rate yourself on your mastery of the parts of speech and definitions? How would you rate yourself on identifying and labeling the parts of speech? = mastery = proficient = developing 1 = beginning
Learning Targets for This Week: • I know the four purposes of sentences. • I can find examples of these sentences in my reading. • I can write examples of these four types of sentences.
Writer’s Notebook Grammar Notes
Four Purposes of Sentences Sentences may be classified according to their purpose. The purpose of the sentence also determines the end punctuation.
There are four kinds : • declarative • interrogative • imperative • exclamatory
Again the novel sentences are from The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins.
A declarative sentence is a sentence that declares (states). Declarative sentences are punctuated with a period.
Boring example: I will. Novel example: I could be dead, flat-out dead, in an hour.
An interrogative sentence is a sentence that interrogates (asks). It is followed by a question mark. ?
Boring Example: Will you? Novel Example: What must it be like, I wonder, to live in a world where food appears at the press of a button?
An imperative sentence is a sentence that imperiouslycommands. It is punctuated with a period.
Boring Example: Go away. Novel Example: Ladies and gentlemen, let the Seventy-fourth Hunger Games begin.
An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that exclaims. It is followed by an exclamation mark. ! The sentence shows strong feeling.
Boring Examples: I will! Get out! Novel Example: The real sport of the Hunger Games is watching the tributes kill one another!
Homework: • This week your job is to find four examples of sentences- one of each kind- in your class or independent reading. • declarative 2. interrogative • 3. imperative 4. exclamatory • You will need them for Thursday.
Tuesday: In your Writer’s Notebook write the following sentences and then label the parts of speech for each example. There are two sentences to label.
Declarative Sentence: Over a period of several weeks, the competitors must fight to the death. With your elbow partner compare your labels. What is the purpose of a declarative sentence?
Over a period of several weeks, prep. adj. noun prep. adj. noun the competitors must fight to the death. adj. noun v. v. prep. adj. n.
Interrogative Sentence: Do you think they will arrest me? Turn to a new elbow partner and compare labels.
Interrogative Sentence: Do you think they will arrest me? v. pron. v. pron. v. v. pron. Getting better? How many were correct?
Wednesday: In your Writer’s Notebook write the following sentences and then label the parts of speech for each example. There are two sentences to label.
Imperative Sentence: I give you the tributes of District Twelve.
Imperative Sentence: I give you the tributes pron. v. pron. adj. n. of District Twelve. prep. n.
Exclamatory Sentence: If I get jumped, I am dead!
Exclamatory Sentence: If I get jumped, conj. pron. v. v. I am dead! pron. v. adj.
How are you doing? How would you rate yourself on determining the purposes of sentences? How would you rate yourself on labeling parts of speech? = mastery = proficient = developing 1 = beginning
Thursday: Count off by 4. 1- 2- 3- 4 Get out your sentences that you found in your current reading- either your AR book or class text. Your teacher will ask for a #1 sentence, #2 sentence, and so forth.
1 = declarative 2 = interrogative 3 = imperative 4 = exclamatory Do you remember the definition for each term listed above?
Now confer with an elbow partner. Compare sentences by purpose. Your teacher will pick four students to write their sentence on the board. One student for each type of sentence. Now four other students will identify and label the parts of speech for those sentences. How did you do? Easy? Challenging?
Friday: Today we will start with a quick review on the purposes of sentences. Using a half sheet of paper or note card, match the following terms to the correct answer. Number your paper 1 through 4.
Matching: Your Name ____ 1. declarative a. exclaims ____ 2. interrogative b. commands ____ 3. imperative c. asks ____ 4. exclamatory d. states
Answers: d1. declarative a. exclaims c2. interrogative b. commands b3. imperative c. asks a4. exclamatory d. States Turn in.
Sentence Writing: Think of a theme or event- the football game coming up, a description of your favorite teacher, or a possible career choice. In your Writer’s Notebook, your job is to write four sentences based on your theme- one for each purpose by type.
declarative • interrogative • imperative • exclamatory Meet in groups of four. Which is the best sentence from the group in each of the above categories? Your teacher will pick two groups to share their sentences.
Decision time- What are the best examples of each type of sentence based on purpose? declarative interrogative imperative exclamatory