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Grammar : Monday

Grammar : Monday

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Grammar : Monday

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  1. Grammar: Monday The Wonderful World of Adjectives

  2. Learning Targets • I can define and identify adjectives. • I can identify the five subclasses of determiners. • I can identify the different degrees of adjectives. • Positive, Comparative, Superlative • I can recite this weeks vocabulary words and their definitions.

  3. Adjective • An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun. • Examples: • the tall professor • the mournful lieutenant • a solid commitment

  4. The Articles • Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. • The Articles — a, an, and the — are adjectives. • Examples: • a month's pay • a six-year-old child • the unhappiest, richest man

  5. Practice • Copy down the adjectives… • The brown dog slept until Tuesday. • The wet and cold snow was all over Suzy’s jacket. • The big, red truck is stuck in the muddy road. • Four people went to the small meeting.

  6. Answers • The brown dog slept until Tuesday. • The wet and cold snow was all over Suzy’s jacket. • The big, red truck is stuck in the muddy road. • Four people went to the small meeting.

  7. Vocabulary • Syntax: arrangement of words and the order of grammatical elements • Tiered: steps or levels • Suburbia: the suburbs of a city • Inconspicuous: not noticeable or unremarkable • Demerit: offense or a quality that deserves blame or lacks merit.

  8. GRAMMAR: TUESDAY Learning Targets • I can define and identify adjectives. • I can identify the five subclasses of determiners. • I can identify the different degrees of adjectives. • Positive, Comparative, Superlative • I can recite this weeks vocabulary words and their definitions.

  9. Review • What is an adjective? • What are the articles?

  10. The Pair Test • A simple way to identify modifying adjectives is to pair up each adjective, one at a time, with the noun it modifies. • Example: I ordered the special deep-dish, Chicago-style pizza. thepizzadeep-dishpizza specialpizzaChicago-stylepizza We can pair up each adjective with the noun pizza; and this test shows that there are four separate adjectives modifying pizza.

  11. Practice • Use the Pair Test to find the adjectives in these sentences… • Sue wore the baggy blue, Rocker Revival jeans. • An old sun-burned man was leaning against the rickety weathered fence.

  12. Answers • Sue wore the baggy blue, Rocker Revival jeans. Baggy jeans Rocker Revival jeans Blue jeans • An old sun-burned man was leaning against the rickety weathered fence. old man ricketyfence sun-burned man weathered fence

  13. REMINDER VOCABULARY TEST IS ON FRIDAY!!!

  14. GRAMMAR: WEDNESDAY Learning Targets • I can define and identify adjectives. • I can identify the five subclasses of determiners. • I can identify the different degrees of adjectives. • Positive, Comparative, Superlative • I can recite this weeks vocabulary words and their definitions.

  15. Determiners • Determiners are a group or modifiers that (with the excepting of number words and quantifiers) are mutually exclusive; that is, only a single determiner modifies any one noun. • Example: the and a are both determiners, but they are mutually exclusive. We can say the book or a book, but we can never say the a book or a the book.

  16. Determiners • Articles: the; a; and an • Demonstratives: this, that, these, those • Number words: • Cardinal numbers: one, two, three,… • Ordinal numbers: first, second, third,…plus other words indicating order: first, last, (Note: Ordinal number words can be combine with the) • Possessives: • Nouns: John’s, Mary’s,… • Pronouns: my, your, his, her, its, our, their • Quantifiers: some, much, many, several,…

  17. Practice • Article (Art) • Demonstrative (Dem) • Number word (#) • Possessive (Poss) • Quantifier (Q). • Underline each determiner (adjective) in the following sentences, indicating which subclasses the determiner belongs to.

  18. Practice • 0. I took thefirst bus that came by. Art # • 1. There were several messages on our answering machine. • 2. This test will cover the last chapter. • 3. I left my wallet at home. • 4. All roads lead to Rome.

  19. Answers • 1. There were several messages on our answering machine. Q Poss • 2. This test will cover thelast chapter. Dem Art # • 3. I left my wallet at home. Poss • 4. All roads lead to Rome. Q

  20. REMINDER VOCABULARY TEST IS ON FRIDAY!!!

  21. GRAMMAR: THURSDAY Learning Targets • I can define and identify adjectives. • I can identify the five subclasses of determiners. • I can identify the different degrees of adjectives. • Positive, Comparative, Superlative • I can recite this weeks vocabulary words and their definitions.

  22. Degrees of Adjectives • Positive (base form) , Comparative, and Superlative (actually, only the comparative and superlative show degrees.) • We use the comparative for comparing two things and the superlative for comparing three or more things.

  23. Degrees of Adjectives • Notice that the word than frequently accompanies the comparative and the word the precedes the superlative. • The suffixes -er and -est are used to form most comparatives and superlatives. • Although we need -ier and -iest when a two-syllable adjective ends in y (happier and happiest); otherwise we use more and most when an adjective has more than one syllable.

  24. Degrees Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees…

  25. Irregular Forms

  26. Practice

  27. REMINDER GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY TEST TOMORROW!

  28. Grammar and Vocabulary Test HALF SHEET OF PAPER • NAME • NUMBER 1-3 (WITH SPACE) ON FRONT • NUMBER 1-5 ON BACK

  29. Grammar Test • Define and give an example of an adjective. • Underline the adjectives… • There were ninety-nine containers on the barge. • I ordered some coffee and the last piece of pie. • Give the comparative and superlative form… evil, sharp, sleepy, and sweet

  30. Tiered Suburbia Inconspicuous Demerit ?????? offense or a quality that deserves blame or lacks merit. arrangement of words and the order of grammatical elements steps or levels not noticeable or unremarkable the suburbs of a city Vocabulary Test

  31. Grammar Test Answers • Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence/ or modifies a noun or a pronoun. • Underlining adjectives… • There were ninety-nine containers on thebarge. • I ordered some coffee and thelast piece of pie. • evil more evil most evil sharp sharper sharpest sleepy sleepier sleepiest sweet sweeter sweetest

  32. Vocabulary Answers • C • E • D • A • B, Syntax