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  1. GATEWAY DRUGS & CURRENT TRENDS Presented by:

  2. Our Mission To reduce the impact of alcohol, drugs and other addictions by providing quality services to individuals, families and the community. • Our Services • Assessment & Referral • Family and Education Services • Prevention • Contact Us • (816) 361-5900 or (913) 233-0747 • www.firstcallkc.org • “Help is Just a Phone Call Away”

  3. Understanding Addiction 1,2,3 - 4,5,6 - 7,8,9

  4. Addiction in Children • Brain maturation • Legal drinking age • Addiction “window”

  5. Quiz Time People who begin drinking before age 15 are _____ times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than those who begin drinking at age 21. On average, young people in Missouri begin drinking at ___.__ years of age. More than ____% of people who start drinking before age 15 will try an illicit drug.

  6. People who begin drinking before age 15 years are4times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than those who begin drinking at or after the legal age of 21. On average, young people in Missouri begin drinking at 12.5 years of age. More than 67% of people who start drinking before 15 will try an illicit drug.

  7. Particular Issues of Concern for Youth • Binge Drinking • Tolerance & Addiction • Drunk Driving • Date Rape

  8. Facts about alcohol • The most commonly used drug • Produces intoxication – a sense of euphoria • Depresses brain functioning (in “layers”) • Cognitive: Judgment, Inhibitions • Emotional: Fighter, Cryer, Philosopher, Lover • Fine Motor Skills: Reaction Time, Coordination, Vision • Gross Motor Skills: Speech, balance • Urination, vomiting, passing out - the body’s defenses against alcohol poisoning • Tolerance develops and addiction can occur

  9. Short Term Effects/ Symptoms • Sense of calm or well-being • Sleepiness • Lethargy • Decreased Vital Signs • Clumsiness • Difficulty in concentrating • Risk of overdose (in combination or alone) • Long Term Effects • Confusion • Disorientation • Memory Problems • Tolerance • Addiction • Weak Muscles • Liver Problems

  10. Don’t Forget to remind youth Alcohol negatively impacts them in the following ways… Alcohol causes: • Liver, heart and brain damage • Loss of appetite • Vitamin deficiencies • Stomach ailments • Skin problems • Bad breath • Memory loss

  11. Energy Drinks • ~ 88 mg of caffeine per can of Red Bull • Beware of the danger (& trend) of mixing with alcohol • Watch for alcohol content in energy drinks

  12. Kiddie cocktails “B-to-the-E” Party Games “Peels” Alcopops “Pass Out” “Sip & Strip” Mixing with Red Bull & other energy drinks Jello shots Zippers Mike’s Hard Lemonade

  13. College consumptions Beer bong Bacardi Silvers Flavored Vodkas 21 birthday shots hookahs

  14. Not Cool Whip • Canisters of Cream is 30 proof while Whipped Lightning is 36 proof - and is cheaper than most liquor.

  15. Questions???

  16. Contact Us! Gordon Stubblefield • Director of Prevention • 816-361-1455 ext 115 • gordons@firstcallkc.org Reshida Rone’ -Prevention Specialist -816-361-1455 ext 104 - reshidar@firstcallkc.org