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Major Contribution to OT PowerPoint Presentation
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Major Contribution to OT

Major Contribution to OT

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Major Contribution to OT

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  1. Major Contribution to OT Dr. William Rush Dunton, Jr. - Coined the term ‘occupational therapy’ – distinguishes aimless amusements from activities prescribed for therapeutic benefit - Believed in importance of occupational activities to recovery of patients • “It has been found that a patient makes more rapid progress if his attention is concentrated upon what he is making and he derives stimulating pleasure in its performance.” • (Bing, 1981, p. 318)

  2. Major Contribution to OT Dr. William Rush Dunton, Jr. • -Nine cardinal rules to guide the emerging practice of occupational therapy: • 1. Any activity in which the patient engages should have as its objective a cure • 2. It should be interesting • 3. It should have a useful purpose other than merely to gain the patient’s attention and interest • 4. It should preferably lead to an increase in knowledge on the patient’s part • 5. Curative activity should preferably be carried on with others, such as in a group • 6. The occupational therapist should make a careful study of the patient in order to know his or her needs and attempt to meet as many as possible through activity • 7. The therapist should stop the patient in his or her work before reaching a point of fatigue • 8. Encouragement should be genuinely given whenever indicated • 9. Work is much to be preferred over idleness, even when the end product of the patient’s labor is of a poor quality or is useless • (Bing, 1981, p. 319)

  3. Major Contribution to OT Susan Tracy • Differentiated the term ‘occupational therapy’ from vocational training • “What is occupation? The treatment of disease by occupation… The aim of occupation is to get the man well; that of vocational training is to provide him with a job. Any well man will look for a job, but the sick man is looking for health.” (Bing, 1981, p. 315) • coined the term ‘occupational nurse’ – those she has trained in therapeutic use of meaningful activities

  4. Bing, R.K. (1981). Occupational therapy revisited: A paraphrastic journey. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 35, 499–451.