Adaptations and Traits of Organisms Final Assessment-Animal PowerPoint Whale Shark By: Henry Cox 2013
Mammals • Blue Whale Have fur or hair Are warm blooded Give live birth
Birds Have beaks • Are warm blooded
Amphibians • Are warm blooded • Live half their lives in water • Half on land
Reptiles • Have scaly skin • Are cold blooded
Adaptation • Adaptation means to change to fit the surrounding environment.
Difference between species adaptation & individual adaptation • A species adaptation is a adaptation for the whole species. Example: zebra's have strips. A individual adaptation is an adaptation for a individual. Example:immunity to the cold.
How animals use camouflage, hibernation, migration and mimicry to adapt • Animals use camouflage to hide from predators. They use hibernation to survive the winter by sleeping through it. They use migration to survive winter and summer by flying to different places. Finally they use mimicry to act or look like something else to survive.
Genetics • The study of Heredity Deoxyribonucleic acid
Heredity • Heredity is the passing of genetic traits from parents to their offspring.
Inquired trait • A trait inherited from a parent or grand parent. • Example: Brown eyes, brown hair,brown skin
Acquired traits An acquired trait is a trait that is developed in an animal’s lifetime and is not inherited by it’s offspring. Example: Car,house,TV,etc.
The remains or an impression of a organism preserved in a petrified form or as a mold or cast in a rock.
And what info they give us • Fossils give us info on when the animal die. How old it was. Where the animal came from. Info on early animals,etc.
Where the whale lives • The whale shark has a widespread distribution, occurring in all the tropical and warm seas, except in the Mediterranean sea. It occurs throughout the Atlantic Ocean, from New York, through the Caribbean, to central Brazil, and from Senegal, to the Gulf of Guinea. It also occurs in the Indian Ocean, throughout the region, including the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf. In the Pacific Ocean it is found from Japan to Australia, off Hawaii, and from California to Chile.
Distinct Characteristics of the Whale Shark • The largest shark, which was accurately measured at 12,18 meters (40 feet, 7 inches) in length and weighing a hefty 11 metric tons. • Whale Sharks are estimated to be approximately 70 cm at birth. • The skin of an adult whale shark may attain a thickness of over 100mm
Helpful structures and functions • The whale shark is the largest living fish and the skin of an adult whale shark may have a thickness of over 100mm, limiting its possible predators to great white sharks, tiger sharks and Orcas. • The contrasting coloration of the dark upper surface and light lower surface counter shading is a trait indispensable for stealth and protection. • Or another possibility is that these patterns could be an adaptation for radiation shielding, important in species that may spend a significant proportion of time in surface waters possibly exposed to high levels of ultraviolet radiation.
If you ever wanted to see a whale shark in a boat follow the instructions Fun facts! :) • Whale sharks are the 2ed largest animal on Earth!
Bibliography • http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/whaleshark/rh.typus.JPG • http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/planetocean/gallery/blue_whale_top.gif • http://www.adventure-life.com/galapagos/images/Animals/giant_tortoise.jpg • http://www-nmr.cabm.rutgers.edu/photogallery/proteins/gif/dna.gif • http://www.genomixer.com/about/Untitled-1.jpg • http://blogmines.com/blog/images/upload/2010/11/image12.png • http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4016/4518171541_354423278b_o.jpg • http://www.aquariumofpacific.org/images/olc/whale_shark2.jpg • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-w8_wPUxhIQI/UOM5alMD9GI/AAAAAAAABf0/nGAXL0uTRBg/s1600/Fossils-and-the-Bible.jpg • http://www.pewenvironment.org/uploadedImages/PEG/Publications/Fact_Sheet/Whale%20shark%20_Final.bmp • http://www.whaleshark.org.za/Whale_Shark-Physical_Characteristcs.html