Nation Building Setting up New Territories
Problems of Congress • Many soldiers were not paid • United States has no money and because of the weakness of the government under the Articles of Confederation unable to levy taxes
Some states had claims on Western Lands States ceded lands north of the Ohio River United States agrees to administer the lands
Northwest Territory Present states of Ohio Indiana Illinois Wisconsin Michigan Part of Minnesota
SOLUTION • Reserve some of the land of the ceded lands as payment to soldiers • Sell the rest to gain revenues and increase commerce
Land Ordinance of 1785May 20, 1785 • Congressional ordinance that made provision for systematic survey of land in the western territories. Dividing the land along lines of latitude and longitude when practical into ranges, townships and sections. Reserving portions for the government and for the benefit of education.
Townships 6 miles by 6 miles Sections 1 mile by 1 mile
Land Ordinance of 1785 was about preparing land for transfer. • The Northwest Ordinance is about government
Northwest Ordinance ,1787 • Read the selections . Article 5 and Article 6 • Answer the following questions • Explain why it is important that the new states have the same status as the old states. • To what extent is the Northwest Ordinance designed to protect or prohibit slavery?