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The infamous landing obligation PowerPoint Presentation
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The infamous landing obligation

The infamous landing obligation

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The infamous landing obligation

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  1. The infamous landing obligation Expectedeffects on crew and Safety of a Landing Obligation A Dutch Mixed Fisheries Point of View Sectorraad Visserij Symposium IJmuiden 3 October 2013 Pim Visser, chief executive VisNed Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  2. Fifteen minutes after sleep information! My first challenge is topreventyoufromdozing off after a sleep professor! And get a criticalpositivemessageacross Sectorraad Safety in Seafisheries Symposium 3 Oktober 2013 Pim Visser, chief executive VisNed Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  3. What can we learn from these Danish and Dutch trains? Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  4. They are supposed to run but they don’t • Someclippings: • Ambitiouslydesigned • Procuredaccordingto the rules • Full of non proven techniques • Politicsloadedwithhindsightknowledge • Opinions of experiencedrailwaypeoplepolitely ‘ignored • Hundreds of millions €urosspent • Becausethey are not fit for purpose Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  5. About VisNed National Association of Producer Organisations in Dutch DemersalFisheries. Majority of NL flatfishandbrownshrimp landings Fishermen with a future Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  6. VisNed’s mission • Stable Conditions • Sustainable Operations • PredictableCostsand Returns Fishermen with a future Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  7. Changed circumstances • Natura 2000 at Sea • European Maritime Framework Directive • MSC certification • Innovativegeardevelopments • Labour legislation • Participation in Sectorraad Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  8. Small scale brown shrimp fisheries Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  9. Traditional beamtrawl with tickler chains Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  10. Low impact beam trawl with pulse gear Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  11. Twin rigged otter trawl Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  12. Scottish seine net or fly shoot Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  13. Traditional Fishing Areas Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  14. A lesson: From Management disaster to co-management • Top down approach with Individual Quota • Wish from IQ to ITQ repressed by government • By pass lead to legalisation • Lawlessness got out of hand • Grey fish circuit developed into perfection • Industry and Government in a complete deadlock • Jointly developed co management as answer • Successful since 1993 • Compliance is the norm Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  15. CFP has brought us (in Holland)good and bad • Good • Improved Fisheries Management in joint Sea Basins • Internationalisation of fisheries and RAC’s • Fleet capacity managed • Bad • Micro management • leading to discards • leading to rigor mortis instead of flexibility • Broad brush approach is never specific • Attitude of Euro conformity of our Member State Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  16. Fishing pressure has also plumeted with us Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  17. Industry back to the level of the mid 60’s • With less than half the vessles • With less than half the employment • With estimated average age of crew 10 years plus • With education levels of crews increased • With crew earnings down • Lower price • Higher vessel costs • Higher personal pension and insurance costs • Wage difference with shore jobs reduced • Other maritime sectors want fishermen as crew Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  18. Call for a discards ban • As a way out of micro management creatingdiscards • Fisherman do not want tothrowawaymarketablefish • Prime attention: bycelebritiesandNGO’swith media propaganda • ‘Power to the people’ bypushing the ‘like’ buttons?!? • Simplification of slogans withdangerouspopulism • Lobby fundedbywealthy US well doers • Blanket approach: cosy, warm andsimple • Looking at problemsfroman ‘aviatorsperspective’ • Like a bad Heineken: Muchfroth far less content • EP influence on decisionprocessenormous • Will the baby flush out with the bath water afterimplmenting? • A micro manageddiscards ban is looming over the horizon • Fishermen are scaredthiswillmean the end of theirfleet Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  19. Discards ban from tool to purpose in it self • At NSRAC Vigo 2008 we proposed a landing obiligation for cod • Member states were opposed (too far out of the box) • Commission considered it ‘daring’ but backed off • NGO’s did not comprehend • Colleagues were against because of practicalities • We thougt it could be a useful tool • But so is a knife • both in the hands of a surgeon and of a murderer • In the public publicity domain • Simplified slogans seemingly not interested in practicalities • Industry proposals politely sabotaged Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  20. Reasons for returning our by-catch to the sea • Rules • Catch composiiton • Quota distribution • Solving these self created probems will reduce unwanted catches • Mixed fisheries techniques • Paper vs Cardboard • Sole allows a maximum mesh size of 80 mm • Plaice and others require a minimum mesh size of 120 mm • Solving this equasion will reduce unwanted by catches! • Slectivity and survivability are the unknowns Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  21. Quota aspects • Dutch Senior Government official: • This measure shall not reduce fleet’s possibilities to fish • How do we get from landing to catch quota • TAC must therefore be = Removals • Increase according to relative stability based on landing quota • High discards fisheries have a disadvantage • TAC setting depends on EU Norway negotiations • Associated species are returned because of too low TAC • Unavoidable catch, ‘the things happen to swim’ • Low value fish will become Choke species • Required Dab landing quota six-fold of today’s Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  22. Logistics and costs • Size of fishhold becomes limiting factor • Over filling is a safety hazard • Will modern efficient handling(mincing and pumping)be allowed? • Extra foreign (non EU) crews • No cabin space, shared cabins/bunks • At least 30% increase in crewing> dilluting share wages • Expensive quota must now be used to land no value fish • Who secures investments in portside buffer storage? • Don’t ‘bring good money to evil causes’ • Net cost Dutch demersal fleet > € 15.000.000 per annum • Viability of the industry is at stake Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  23. Compliance and control • Poor people are less likely to comply • Low wages fertilize corruption • Crews do not want their wages diluted • Owners can not bear extra costs without benefits • Expensive quota will be insufficient, choke species will occur • CCTV control is technically impossible • Technical problems and checking of images • Full time observers are not available and far too expensive • Success builds upon Joint responsibility and Self Control • Acceptance is condition sine qua non • Do not rely on repressive ‘Istanbulian solutions’ • Rather offer a carrot instead of a stick Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  24. What next And now Carry on Turn away Make impossibilities possible Don’t cry Be courageous Throw the problems over the fence Throw them back Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  25. So what is next on our landing obligation to do list • Avoid, MinimiseIncentivise • Get practical fishermen on board • Notonly the skippers • Select andrewardearly adapters • Alter fishingpatternstoreducediscards • Increaseselectivity of 80 mm fishery • Incentivise for resultsbased approach • Do not (threatento) make a repression plan yet Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  26. We require policy makers and working parties to • Steerawayfrom the icon function(pleasecome back toreality) • Steerawayfrom a goal in itself(keep yourpurpose in mind) • Useyourimaginationtogive small fish a chance • Steertowardsincreasedselectivtyand survival rates • Steertowards maximum sustainablemethods • Fish belongs in the sea or on a plate Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  27. Increase selectivity and survival rates • Out of the box program to increase selectivity • No detailed technical measure restrictions • Full steam ahead • Involved fishermen are highly motivated • Any catch with (a degree) of survivability may return to sea • Same as in Norway • Our tests are complex but we are motivated • Must be proven and do we have enough time? Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  28. Resulting in a dream or a self fulfilling prohecy • Huge leep forward in sustainability • Improved selectivity • Improved survival • Will keep us in the forefront of compliance • Increased societal acceptance • Proud fishermen • Proud politicians • Satisfied civil servants Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013

  29. A long and winding road ahead Using common sense at implementationwill lead to happy workersandincreasedsafety! My Dutch Mixed FisheriesConviction! Sectorraad Visserij Symposium IJmuiden 3 October 2013 Pim Visser, chief executive VisNed Sectorraad Safety in Sea Fisheries Symposium, IJmuiden, 3 October 2013