Significant Vocabulary An English/Reading Workshop Student Support Services Troy University; Troy, AL 36082
OBJECTIVE To teach you that using Word Roots, Prefixes and Suffixes can enhance your English vocabulary, improve your spelling, and support reading comprehension.
First, what is a “Root Word”? • “A root word is a word that has nothing added at the beginning or end.” (Internetclassroom.com) • “A root word is a real word and you can make new words from it by adding prefixes and suffixes. (Internetclassroom.com) • “A root is the basic element of a word, and it is the foundation on which the meaning of a word is built.” (Tending to Word Roots)
Root Word Example “Clear” is a root word. You can add prefixes (beginning sounds) and suffixes (ending sounds) to root words to create “Word Families”. Example of a Word Family Clear (root word) Un- + clear = unclear (prefix + root word) Clear + -ed= cleared (root word + suffix) Notice that all of the above words in the word family have related meanings and easy-to-figure spellings. Source: Internetclassroom. com (Skillswise factsheet)
Other Examples of CommonRoot Words with Prefixes Added Source: Merriam Webster online dictionary
Two Common English Prefixes • Un = not Word Examples: undone; unequal • Re- or Red- Word Examples: Recount, redo, refill Think how many words you can formulate just by learning these two prefixes. See the handout provided to you for a list of common prefixes you encounter daily in English words.
Common English Suffixes See the handout provided to you for a list of common suffixes you encounter daily in English words.
What’s the point . . . • Of knowing prefixes, suffixes and roots? • Watch this video to learn more: Click here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w1uooSd6C4c&feature=related
Prefixes, Suffixes, Roots Review • A fun way to rememberthe functions of Prefixes, Suffixes, Roots • Click here: YouTube - "Prefixes, Suffixes, & Roots" Rap www.educationalrap.com
Practice 1 • See how many words you can think of using the following prefixes. Write them on the page provided for you. You have 30 seconds. • dis- (not, opposite of) • un- (not) • pre- (before) • re- (again)
Practice 2 • Next, see how many words you can think of using the following suffixes. Write them on the page provided for you. You have 30 seconds. -ly (characteristic of) -ing (present participle verb) -ed (past tense verb) -s or -es(more than one)
THE END • Please complete an evaluation form and submit it to SSS staff in the SSS Office. • Enjoy your learning experience here at Troy University. • SSS Office/ 109 Shackelford Hall Annex; Troy, AL 36082/ Ph: 334-670-5985