Fabrics Objective 1.02
Fabric Construction • Which is which? • Nonwoven, woven, knit A. B. C.
WovenKey Terms • Filling- crosswise yarns • Weft- aka filling yarns • Warp- yarns that run the length of the fabric.
Woven FabricTypes • Plain- simplest of all weaves. • Broadcloth, poplin, and gingham • Twill- Parallel, diagonal ridges on the fabric surface. Firm and heavy weave. • Denim, flannel, and gabardine • Satin- yarns that float on the surface to give it a luster of shine. • Used for blouses, eveningwear, and bed linens. • Leno- Warp yarns cross and twist between the filling yarns. • Use for open-weave curtains and draperies, thermal blankets, and netting.
Plain Weave • Broadcloth • Poplin Gingham
Twill Weave • Denim • Flannel • Gabardine
Leno Weave Thermal Blankets Netting
KnitKey Terms • Knit- Have lengthwise and crosswise yarns. • Stretch more in the crosswise direction. • 2 basic knits are weft and warp • Purl- Same on both sides. • Stretch in both lengthwise and crosswise direction. • Used for sweaters.
Knit Types • Single knit • Double knit • Ribbed knit • Stretch knit • Tricot knit • Raschel knit
NonwovenKey Terms • Felting- Matting wool or other fibers with moisture, heat, and pressure. • Interfacing- Joined or fused together with an adhesive or bonding agent.