Internet Privacy Laws Jennifer Almond and Colin Zupancic “Enjoying the right to privacy means having control over your own personal data and the ability to grant or deny access to others.”
Basic Issues • The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) • Gender and Electronic Privacy • USA PATRIOT Act • Terrorist Information Awareness • Cookies • Spam
The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) • The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act ("COPPA") specifically protects the privacy of children under the age of 13 by requesting parental consent for the collection or use of any personal information of the users. • Main requirements of the Act • The Act was passed in response to a growing awareness of Internet marketing techniques that targeted children and collected their personal information from websites without any parental notification.
The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) • In the 1990s, children began to access the Web more and more. Marketers would track information kids gave out in chat rooms or while playing games (such as addresses, full names, ages, etc.) and would retain this data in order to sell to third parties. It became very easy for anyone to simply send money to one of these companies and receive lists of children’s addresses and personal information.
Gender and Electronic Privacy • Pretexting and Cyberstalking: *Pretexting is the practice of collecting information about a person using false pretenses. • *Cyberstalking--Coincidence Design, Amy Boyer • Video voyeurism and webcams
? USA PATRIOT Act • “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001” • Authorizes the installation of devices to record all computer routing, addressing, and signaling information. • Governs government access to stored email and other electronic communications. • Creates a new exception, permitting government interception of the "communications of a computer trespasser" if the owner or operator of a "protected computer" authorizes the interception. The new exception has broad implications, given that a "protected computer" includes any "which is used in interstate or foreign commerce or communication" (which, with the Internet, includes effectively any computer).
Cookies A cookie is a mechanism that allows a web site to record your comings and goings, usually without your knowledge or consent. • Cookies do provide outside sources with personal information, but only information that you give while on the website. Yes, it does violate personal privacy to a degree, but cookies can be turned off or restricted to specific websites.
Cookies • A server cannot set a cookie for a domain that it isn't a member of. • How does a cookie work? • Doubleclick • This usage of cookies is the most controversial, and has led to the polarized opinions on cookies, privacy, and the Internet.
Spam • Spam is unsolicited commercial e-mail. • Spammers get e-mail addresses in three ways: *by scavenging, the practice of automatically collecting e-mail addresses listed or posted on webpages and electronic bulletin boards * by guessing, where the spammer uses dictionary terms or randomly-generated strings to develop e-mail addresses *and by purchasing e-mail addresses through list brokers. • Currently, there is no federal legislation regulating the transmission of spam. • "Remove me" options
Spam Case study: One person, six years
Protecting Your Privacy Online • http://www.epic.org/privacy/tools.html