8thREReP Task Force meeting September 23, 2005 Brussels, Belgium Albania Report on reforms in environmental policy and reconstruction
Development of legal and policy framework • Legislation approximation • A.Laws approved (6) • Law no.9299, date 28.10.2004 “On the approval of amendments of Basel Convention for the Tran boundary transfer of hazardous substances”. • Law no. 9334, date 16.12.2004 “On the approval of Albania’s adhering to the Kyoto Protocol, in the frame of the Framework Convention of Climate Change”. • Law no. 9279, date 23.09.2004 “On Albania’s adhering to the Cartage Protocol”
Development of legal and policy framework • Law no.9263, date 29.07.2004“On the ratification of the convention on persistent organic pollutants” • Law no. 9347, date 24.02.2005 “On the ratification of the agreement between the RoA and the government of the Republic of Macedonia for the protection and sustainable development of the Ohrid lake and its watershed”, based on the Convention for the protection of world natural and cultural heritage; Convention on biodiversity; Ramsar Convention; Convention on EIA on the transbondary context; Aarhus Convention; Bonn Convention. • Draft law “On the EIA in the transbondary context” is being discussed by the Parliamentary commissions.
Development of legal and policy framework B. Decisions of Council of Ministers ( 5 ) • DCM no.680, date 22.10.2004 “On the declaration of the wetland system Vjose-Narte as water – terrestrial protected landscape”. • DCM “On the activity of the Environmental Inspectorate “approved in January 2004. • DCM no.86, date 11.02.2005 “For the establishment of the management committees of the protected areas”. • DCM no.99, date 18.02.2005 “For the approval of the Albanian catalogue for the classification of waste”. based on the Commission Decision 2000/532 as amended by 2001/118/EC and 2001/119/EC and the Council Decision 2001/573/EC, Directives 75/442/EEC and 91/689/EEC.
Development of legal and policy framework • DCM no.177, date 31.03.2005 “For the approval of norms on effluent discharges”. • DCM no.469, dt.23.06.05 “On the rules and procedures of the administration up to the banning of the ozone depleting substances” based on the Directive 2002/3/EC. • Common guideline of the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Transport and Telecommunications no. 6527, date 24.12.2004 “On the allowable levels of air pollutants from emissions and noise from road mobile sources and the approach for their control” based on the Directive 96/96/EC as amended by Directive 2003/27/EC.
Development of legal and policy framework • DCM “On the approval of the strategy for the implementation of the Aarhus convention” • Other DCMs to be approved by the end of 2005: • Draft- law on “Albania’s adhering to the Convention on Long Range Transbondary Air Pollution” (CLRTAP) – on-going. • Draft- law on “Albania’s adhering to the protocol of PRTR of Aarhus Convention” – to be approved soon. • Decision no.153, dt.18.03.2005 “For environmental protection from transbondary impacts” – planned to be approved by the Parliament at the end of 2005.
Development of legal and policy framework • Draft DCM “For the declaration of the Shkodra Lake as a natural managed reserve” – on-going. Other secondary legislation: • Order of the minister of Environment “For the indispensable documentation for the application for an environmental permit” • Regulation “On the form, content and administration of the environmental dossier” December 2004. • Regulation “For the public participation in the EIA process” approved on 17.08.2004.
Development of legal and policy framework • Guideline “For the approval of the list of activities, application format, rules and procedures for obtaining the environmental consent and authorization of the REAs”, approved on 17.03.2004. • Draft-Guideline “For the service tariffs for the environmental declaration, permit, authorization and consent”, to be signed soon by the Minister of Environment. • New development: prior consultation of the economic agents with the MoE and civil society since the preparation of the ToRs, etc.
Development of legal and policy framework • ELPA project – CARDS 2002 • Improving inter-sectorial coordination • Drafting a smart national environmental strategy focusing more on how to do things than what to do • Increased involvement of the localgovernment
Development of legal and policy framework • NPAL drafted and approved by DCM • Short term: 2005-2006, 33 directives, i.e 9% of the Acquis • Medium term: 2007-2008, 82 directives, i.e 23% of the Acquis • Long term: 2009-2014, 45 directives i.e 68% of the Acquis
Civil Society/Public Involvement in Policy Making and Implementation • Environmental bulletin published by MoE • MoE’s website in internet www.moe.gov.al updated in April 2005(in Albanian) • All kind of activities with the participation of NGOs: all Steering Committees of different projects • During 2004: 541 articles in the written media • January & February 2005 a total of 187 articles • 6 press conferences 60 people/month visiting the Information Center
Civil Society/Public Involvement in Policy Making and Implementation • Continued Workshops (10 in the period December 04-April05) on the new legislation at the local level (REC, OSCE, MoE) • Participants: staff of municipalities, Council of the County, Prefecture, Regional Forest Directories, Local Water Directories, other inspectorates, NGOs, students and teachers. • Areas covered: • Elbasani, Shkodra, Vlora, • Gramshi, Gjirokastra, Berat, • Durres, Lusnja, Korca, Kukes
Achievements in reducing environmental pollution • The feasibility study for the rehabilitation of Durresi hot spot, completed. • Draft agreement for a fund 1,5 million USD for Bishti I Palles, for re-packaging and disposal. • Grant of 3.5 million US$ pledged by the Royal Netherlands Embassy for Porto-Romano for rehabilitation, strengthening the implementation capacity of MoE, hydrogeological monitoring, remediation and demolition works • Results of the continuous monitoring of health in the Porto Romano show evidence of the environmental health impact.
Achievements in reducing environmental pollution • A study performed by an NGO, through questionnaires and tests of 100 school children of 10-16 shows that the following data are reported: • 49% headaches; 27% dizziness, 18% cold; 31% stomachache; 14% nausea and vomits; 14% skin rash; 18% nose bleeding; • Symptoms connected to the presence of dust and lindane • Dislocation of 4 families illegally settled in the most risky area of Porto Romano, 8.5 million ALL from MoE under tendering process. Within 2005. • The construction of the isolating wall for the first part has finished. Tender procedures for the constructions of the rest of the isolating walls completed. Construction under process.
Achievements in reducing environmental pollution Feasibility study for the environment rehabilitation project of the former PVC plant in Vlora. • Feasibility study for the urban waste management project • Council of the County was gathered with representatives of the community for a public consultation on the site selected for urban waste landfill • Final draft report for the 3rd and last phase delivered to MoE and UNEP.
Achievements in reducing environmental pollution • Arsenic treatment from the ammonia factory in Fier completed. • Preparations on-going for the export of the solidified waste abroad, to be treated in a hazardous waste treatment plant. • Follow up project suggested for the extra amounts of arsenic solution and polluted facilities, discovered recently.
Achievements in reducing environmental pollution • Water treatment plant for Ballsh oil refinery (tender to be launched) • Pre-feasibility studies completed for Elbasan, Rubik and Lac – Institute of Environment • Feasibility study and detailed design for a hazardous waste landfill on-going, • three potential areas already selected, • no decision yet on the final site for construction, • draft law and strategy prepared and discussed with line ministries, civil society, media
CARDS 2005 Pollution abatement at Ballshi Refinery (Phase II) • Design, procurement and installation of integrated pollution control facilities – through the provision of a wastewater treatment plant. • Further training in environmental protection and management as well as operations and management of wastewater treatment plant
CARDS 2005 Environmental ‘clean-up’ of Nitrogen Fertiliser Plant, Fier (Phase II) • Further treatment of hazardous residues/ wastes (arsenic based); • Transportation and final disposal of hazardous residues/ wastes; • Removal, management and safe disposal of asbestos wastes and contaminated concrete structures; and • Remediation/ rehabilitation of former polluted areas.
CARDS 2005 • Environmental review and Action Plan in wider Patos Marinze area • Environmental review of wider Patos Marinze area, identifying main sources of contaminants and negative impacts to key receptors; • Develop an Action Plan, identifying key actions for remediation/ rehabilitation of key pollution sources; and • Priority actions indicated and costed with a view to attract future IFI and other donor funding.
Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues • Project title: Lake Ohrid Conservation Project • Starting date 1998 • Finishing date March 2005 • Project budget: 1840000 USD GEF, 142000 USD Albanian Government • Project objectives: The conservation of natural value and the biodiversity of the Ohrid Lake and collaboration between Republic of Albania and FYRoM for a joint effective management of the watershed.
Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues • Programme title: Enabling Activity forClimatic Change Programme – Albania (for more detailed go to firstname.lastname@example.org) • Starting date 1998 • Finishing date 2009 • Regional Project budget: • 62,000 USD - Improvement for GHG inventory (GEF). End June 2006. • Project objectives: Preparation, Maintenance and Increase of national capacities for the preparation of the national communications to the UNFCCC, secure an ongoing and improvement of this process.
Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues • Project title: Conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Region • Starting date 1999 • Finishing date 2005 • Project budget: 1,7 51million USD by GEF; 150 000 USD by Albanian Govern. • Project objectives: To have a sustainable management and the preservation of the biologic diversity in the coastal zone of 6 Mediterranean countries through the compilation of a suitable legal framework, institutions and capacities building, exchange of experience, the undertaking of concrete actions, etc. The project is being implemented in the Narta zone.
Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues • Project title: Strengthening of the relations of the Environment Ministry with the Environment European Agency. First phase: Regional project that includes Albania and Yugoslavia. • Second phase: Project budget: 2 MEuro. • 2004-2006. • Regional EIONET training of the IT experts from the Balkan MoEs.
Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues • MoU between the Ministry of Environment and Territory (Republic of Italy) and the MoE (Albania) On the “Cooperation in the field of the clean development mechanism under article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol”
Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues • Regional Project “Integrated management of the ecosystems of the Prespa Lake trans-boundary region. expected to start soon. To be finalized in 2006. 928,000 USD. GEF. • Objectives: To promote integrated management of the ecosystem of the trans-boundary region of the National Prespa Park through the participation of all parties and through the increase of the cooperation between three participating countries in this project (Albania, FORYM , Greece).
Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues • Project title: Integrated Ecosystem management of Lake Shkodra • Starting date 2005. Finishing date 2006. • Project budget: 175,000 USD. WB. • Project objectives: To control pollution and to improve Biodiversity conservation of Lake Shkoder. Regional project between Republic of Albania and Republic of Monte Negro.