IS SCRIPTURE THE WORD OF GOD & ARE THEY RELAVENT TODAY?
How can we understand the Supreme Person who is creator of infinite gigantic universes?
Is Scripture the word of God& Relavency IS SCRIPTURE THE WORD OF GOD & RELAVANCY TODAY How to acquire knowledge of God and from Whom? • Pratyaksha Praman - Direct Sense perception • Unreliable due to four defects a) Imperfect Senses b) Being Illusioned c) Tendency to commit mistakes d) Tendency to cheat • Anuman Praman - Knowledge through Inference • eg frog in the well • Shabda Praman - Hearing from Authority. • eg son wanting to know his father
Is Scripture the word of God& Relevancy? Need to hear from Spiritual Authority • We have no choice • Saves time and inconvenience • It is safe. Test of Authority • Opinion does not change • It has stood the test of time • It has not been proved wrong.
The Vedic knowledge was revealed by the Supreme Person, within the heart of the first created being, Brahma.
The Vedas are also called as SHRUTIS or knowledge received through aural reception.
The means of Vedic knowledge is to accept an authority & learn the truth by inquiring submissively.
The Vedas offer insight into - • Who am I ? • Where have I come from ? • Where do I go after death ?
The Vedas offer insight into - • What is the purpose of my existence ? • Who is God ? • How am I related to God ?
VEDIC KNOWLEDGE SRUTI SMRTI VEDAS Rg, Yajur, Sama, Atharva UPAVEDAS Dhanurveda Ayurveda, etc. VEDANGAS Ritual Sutras Connected to Kalpa-vedanga Tantras Spoken by Lord Siva to Parvati Pancaratras Puranas Itihasas Six Darshanas Samhitas mantras Kalpa ritual details Srauta Sutras explains public yajnas Vaisnava worship 18 Major Brahmanas ritual explanation of mantras Siksa pronunciation Grhya Sutras explains home yajnas 18 Minor Tamasic Aranyakas esoteric explanation of mantras Vyakarana grammar Dharma Sutras Law books Rajasic Upanisads Jnana-kanda philosophy of Brahman Nirukta etymology Dharma Sastras including Manu- samhita and others Sattvic Chandas meters Jyotisa astronomy-time calculation Vedanta (Vyasa) (Metaphysics) theology of Upanisads Mimamsa (Jaimini) (Hermeneutics) interpreting scriptural texts Nyaya (Gautama) (Epistemology, logic) philosophy of knowledge including logic Vaisesika (Kanada) (Metaphysics) philosophy of existence Yoga (Patanjali) (Sadhana) Sankhya (Atheist Kapila) (Metaphysics) Revealed absolute Truth Every word unchanged eternally Composed by sages Wording may change from age to age sisters sisters sisters
Three Divisions of the Vedas • Karma-kanda: Material elevation (pravritti). • Jnana-kanda: Decreasing material involvement through knowledge (nivritti). • Upasana-kanda: Decreasing material involvement through worship of the Supreme.
Vyäsadeva, a literary incarnation of God, recorded all the Vedas in writing 5,000 years back for the benefit of people inKali Yuga.
This Vedic wisdom came down in disciplic succession through aural reception.
Does God Exist? Is Scripture the word of God? What are Vedas ? • Vedas means knowledge. • Vedas are original scriptures • Scripture is the sound representation of God i.e. Sruti • Vedic scriptures are infallible. • Examples : • Bhugol has saptadvipa • cow dung, tulsi, conshshell • human embryology • fire bacteria • future predictions • 1,3 24 Buddha, Mahaprabhu, • 12 canto King Ashoka, Tatascha…
Srimad Bhagavatam predicts about people in Kali-yuga • mandäù — lazy; • sumanda-matayaù — misguided; • manda-bhägyäù — unlucky; • hi upadrutäù — and above all disturbed.
Does God Exist? Is Scripture the word of God? Why Different Scriptures? • Different scriptures are meant for different audience and • are revealed according to time, place and circumstances. • eg different dictionaries • explaination of an expert doctor • The essence is always the same • Bhagavad Gita • Srimad Bhagvatam.
Important Scripture of Kaliyuga Bhagavad Gita Srimad Bhagavatam