Health Hazards&HAZCOM - GHS Developed by: Construction Safety Council 4100 Madison Street Hillside, IL 60162 (800) 552-7744 www.buildsafe.org
Welcome to…Health Hazards in Construction Construction & utility workers are exposed to a variety of health hazards everyday. These men and women have the potential for becoming sick, ill and disabled for life. Learn the health hazards on your job and know how to protect yourself… Sadly, these health hazards (e.g., dangerous dust and other chemicals) can be unexpectedly brought home…
Learning Objective TLO: Comply with OSHA’s new Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) and function within the Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals.
Learning Objective EO: Identify the purpose, scope, benefits, elements and effective dates of GHS. EO: Compare and contrast GHS with HCS. EO: Define the 16 physical and 10 health hazard classifications. EO: Describe the requirements of a 16-section SDS. EO: List the new label requirements. EO: Identify controls to eliminate and/or reduce exposure to hazards.
Effective Dates • Dec. 1, 2013 – Train employees on the new label elements and SDS format. • Dec. 1, 2015 – Shipment of products with old system ends. • June 1, 2016 – Full implementation.
Existing Requirements • Consumer Product Safety Commission • Department of Commerce • Department of Transportation • Food and Drug Administration • Environmental Protection Agency • Occupational Safety & Health Administration • Department of Agriculture • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Red Blue 4 0 1 White Yellow National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 704M)
Hazardous Materials Identification System • Developed by the National Paint and Coatings Association (NPCA). • A numerical hazard rating that incorporates the use of labels with color-coded bars. • A special code identifying appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is also listed.
Conflicting Definitions §1926.155 – Definitions to Subpart F Flammable liquids defined as having a flash point below 140°F. §1910.1200 – Definitions (HAZCOM 1994) Liquid, flammable defined as having a flash point below 100°F.
HCS 2012 29 CFR 1910.1200 Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria Appendix B: Physical Hazard Criteria Appendix C: Allocation of Label Elements Appendix D: Safety Data Sheets Appendix E: Definition of Trade Secret Appendix F: Hazard Classifications Regarding Carcinogenicity
HCS 2012 (Purpose & Scope) • Ensure that the hazards of all chemicals are classified. • Information concerning the classified hazards is transmitted to employees. • Hazard Communication Program • Labeling • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Training
New Definitions (HCS 2012) • Classification • Hazard category • Hazard class • Hazard not otherwise classified “Unclassified Hazard” • Hazard statement • Label elements • Pictogram
New Definitions (HCS 2012) • Precautionary statement • Product identifier • Pyrophoric Gas • Arsine • Acetylene • Safety data sheet • Signal word • Simple asphyxiant • Substance
Deleted Definitions (HCS 1994) • Combustible Liquid • Compressed Gas • Explosive • Flammable • Flashpoint • Hazard Warning
Deleted Definitions (HCS 1994) • Identity • Material Safety Data Sheet • Organic Peroxide • Oxidizer • Pyrophoric • Unstable (Reactive) • Water-reactive
Side By-Side Comparison HCS 1994 HCS 2012 Classify • Assess • Evaluate • Determine HCS 1994 HCS 2012 • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) • Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Revisions to Other OSHA Standards • Formaldehyde (1910.1048) • Asbestos (1910.1001, 1915.1001 & 1926.1101) • Benzene (1910.1028) • HAZWOPER (1910.120 & 1926.65) • PSM (1910.119 & 1926.64) • Flammable Liquids – Indoor Storage (1926.152)
Revision Example §1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of flammable or 120 gallons of combustible liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet…
Revision Example §1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage) Not more than 60 gallons of Category 1, 2 and/or 3 flammable liquids or 120 gallons of Category 4 flammable liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet…
The Globally Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of Chemicals Gas Aquatic Hazard Explosive Flammable Corrosive Oxidizer Irritant & Sensitizer Acute Toxicity Chronic Health Hazard
Hazard Class Means the nature of the physical or health hazard, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity. Hazard Category The division of criteria within each hazard class. These categories compare hazard severity within a hazard class and should not be taken as a comparison of hazard categories more generally.
Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable
Hazard Class/Category Example Hazard Class - Flammable
Physical Hazards • Explosives • Flammable Gas • Flammable Aerosols • Oxidizing Gases • Gases Under Pressure • Flammable Liquid • Flammable Solid • Self-Reactive Substances • Pyrophoric Solid • Self-Heating Substances • Contact with Water Emits Flammable Gas • Oxidizing Liquids • Oxidizing Solids • Organic Peroxides • Corrosive to Metal
Health Hazards • Acute Toxicity • Skin Corrosion • Skin Irritation • Serious Eye Damage • Eye Irritation • Respiratory Sensitizer • Skin Sensitizer • Germ Cell Mutagenicity • Carcinogenicity • Reproductive Toxicity • Specific Target Organ Toxicity • Aspiration Hazard
Hazard Symbols & Classes Gas Aquatic Hazard Explosive Flammable Corrosive Oxidizer Irritant & Sensitizer Acute Toxicity Chronic Health Hazard
Recognition of Hazards • What do you see? • Visible material in the air • Settled dust • Warning signs, labels & decals
Anticipation of Health Hazards • knowing the history of the work involved. • Worker experience and education. • To anticipate hazards: • Survey job-site conditions • Be aware of the actions and behaviors of workers.
Responsibility to Self & Family Occupational health hazards can unexpectedly be brought home; wear personal protective equipment (PPE) on the job and do not bring home health hazards that can harm your family!
Health Hazard • Carcinogen • Mutagenicity • Reproductive Toxicity • Respiratory Sensitizer • Target Organ Toxicity • Aspiration Toxicity
Flame • Flammable • Pyrophorics • Self-Heating • Emits Flammable Gas • Self-Reactives • Organic Peroxides
Exclamation Mark • Irritant (skin & eyes) • Skin Sensitizer • Acute Toxicity • Narcotic Effects • Respiratory Tract Irritant • Hazardous to Ozone Layer (Non-Mandatory)
Gas Cylinder • Gases Under Pressure
Corrosion • Skin Corrosion/Burns • Eye Damage • Corrosive to Metals
Exploding Bomb • Explosives • Self-Reactives • Organic Peroxides
Flame Over Circle • Oxidizers
Environment • Aquatic Toxicity
Skull & Crossbones • Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)
Safety Data Sheets (Sections) • Identification • Hazard(s) identification • Composition/information on ingredients • First-aid measures • Fire-fighting measures • Accidental release measures • Handling and storage • Exposure controls/personal protection • Physical and chemical properties • Stability and reactivity • Toxicological information • Ecological information • Disposal considerations • Transport information • Regulatory information • Other information
Label An appropriate group of written, printed or graphic information elements concerning a hazardous chemical, that is affixed to, printed on, or attached to the immediate container of a hazardous chemical, or to the outside packaging. • Pictogram • Hazard Statement • Signal Word • Precautionary Statement
Single Word • DANGER • WARNING • CAUTION • NOTICE HCS 2012 • DANGER • WARNING
Labels & Other Forms of Warning • Product identifier • Signal word (Danger or Warning) • (f)(1)(iii) Hazard statement(s); • (f)(1)(iv) Pictogram(s); • (f)(1)(v) Precautionary statement(s); and, • (f)(1)(vi) Name, address, and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party.
Contractors Guide to HCS Compliance • Become familiar with the OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) • Prepare and implement a Hazard Communication Program. • Assign a competent person to implement all aspects of the Program. • Identify all hazardous chemicals in the workplace. • Labels and other forms of warning must be in place. • Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) available. • Employee information and training conducted.