Use your reader’s notebook to answer the following questions. • What do you know about Alaska? Write “1. Prior Knowledge” and then jot down a few random things you can remember. example • 1. Prior Knowledge about Alaska: • ____________ • ____________ • ____________ Ms. Jordan
Map of North America Anchorage Seattle The approximate distance in miles from Seattle, Washington to Anchorage, Alaska is 1436 miles or 2310.52Kilometers. Ms. Jordan
Alaska is two times the size of Texas and is located only 55 miles east of Russia. Alaska Russia Ms. Jordan
Determining Importance of Information Good readers know how to distinguish important from less important information. In your notebook, answer the following question: 2. What is one piece of information on this map that is NOT important to someone who wants to travel from Fairbanks, AK to Russia? Ms. Jordan
The Bering Sea is located to the west of the Alaskan mainland. The Arctic Ocean is to the north. The North Pacific Ocean is to the south. Ms. Jordan
Grizzly bear fishing for salmon at Brooks Falls, Alaska. Dramatic gatherings of grizzly bears can be seen at prime Alaskan fishing spots when the salmon run upstream for summer spawning. In this season, dozens of bears may gather to feast on the fish, craving fats that will sustain them through the long winter ahead. Ms. Jordan
Prince William Sound is best known for the various disasters that have occurred there. In 1964, the Good Friday earthquake and tsunami hit several towns in the area. • In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred . Oil-slicked wildlife appeared on television screens around the nation. Much has recovered today. Prince William Sound Vocab moment! “sound” – anarrow passage of water between the mainland and anisland. Ms. Jordan
Determining Importance of Information • Prince William Sound is best known for the various disasters that have occurred there. In 1964, the Good Friday earthquake and tsunami hit several towns in the area. • In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred. Oil-slicked wildlife appeared on television screens around the nation. Much has recovered now, 17 years later. To understand what you read, you need to determine which information is most important. Let’s say that you are researching natural disasters, what is one piece of Information above that would be the most important to know? 3. Important information: ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Ms. Jordan
Beware of Wildlife:Each year, moose cause more injuries than bears in Alaska. In summer, cows defend their calves by maintaining a territory around them. They will protect their calf by charging, stomping and kicking with very sharp hooves. If you are charged by a moose, RUN! Ms. Jordan
Alaskan Wilderness Tips Think Before You Drink: Those sparkling mountain streams and late summer snow banks may be contaminated by Giardia, an intestinal parasite that loves to make you miserable. Bring your drinking water with you, or purify it in the field. Giardia can be killed by boiling the water for two full minutes. Ms. Jordan
Don't Be A Polluter:Your fecal matter carries infectious agents. Bury it in a shallow hole (because of the cold temperatures, only the top 5-6 inches of soil has recycling activity) along with any ashes from your burned toilet paper, at least 100 feet from any water source.
Fjord off Glacier Bay “fjord”: a long, narrow arm of the sea bordered by steep cliffs (originally a Norwegian word). Let’s see how close were you to the answer. Fix-up Strategies: One way to figure out what a word means is to look at the context – the other information provided . In your notebook under #4, write some things that the word “fjord” could mean based upon the context of this slide.
Land of the Midnight Sun This nickname refers to Alaska's northern locations where, for a period of time in the summer, the sun never completely dips below the horizon. The sun is visible at midnight. Parts of Alaska are bathed in 24 hours of daylight.
Fact: In Barrow, AK, the sun doesn't set for 84 days. Good readers make predictions based upon information they read. Predict in what part of Alaska the town of Barrow is located; then ask yourself upon what evidence is your prediction based. Reader’s notebook entry 5. My prediction: Barrow, AK is located __________________________________. I think this because ____________________________________ ____________________________________. Ms. Jordan
Were you close? The reason: The farther north one travels, the longer the period of daylight extends.
The Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, shines above Bear Lake. Early Eskimos believed different legends about the Northern Lights, such as they were the souls of animals dancing in the sky or the souls of fallen enemies trying to rise again.
Using Sensory Imagery Close your eyes and imagine you’re in the Alaskan wilderness. What do you see, hear, feel? What are you doing? Describe your surroundings, what you’re experiencing through your five senses. Respond to this prompt in your reader’s notebook. You may write or draw your answer. If you draw, add a couple of notes describing what you hear, smell, etc. you In your notebook, label this entry… 6. Imagery: Alaska Ms. Jordan
The Kermode bear, also called "spirit bear” is a subspecies of the American Black Bear living in the north central coast of Canada. About 1/10 of their population has white or cream-colored coats. They are notalbinos and not related to polar bears. National Geographic estimates the spirit bear population at 400-1000, saying that "the spirit bear may owe its survival to the protective traditions of the First Nations, who never hunted them or spoke of them to fur trappers." In your notebook, write a question that occurs to you about this information. 7. Question: Like black bears, a spirit bear’s average life span is about 25 years.
Spirit bears, like most black bears, are omnivores. They eat berries, nuts, fruits, roots, grasses and other plants, insects, deer and moose fawns, carrion and, during the salmon season from late summer through fall, spawning salmon. They are usually solitary, except females with offspring.
The Spirit Bear, like most black bears, weighs about half a pound when born and generally between 150-300 pounds when fully grown. The bear’s body length averages between four and six feet.
8. Put together (synthesize) your background knowledge of Alaska with what you’ve read today. In your notebook … • List the one thing you’ll most likely remember about Alaska. • If you travelled there and could take three items that you could carry, what three items would you take? Ms. Jordan
Alaskan Wilderness …The End Ms. Jordan