Wilderness By Danielle Mooney
Wild vs. Wilderness • Ansel Adams • Wilderness act of 1964 • Reflection on Ansel Adams photography as example of 20th century view of nature • Modern view of nature through advertising • Survivalism
Question: • Are the terms “wild” and the “wilderness” different?
“Wild is a state of being, an attitude. Wilderness is a political designation on a map. Wild is a spirit, a way of living life. Wilderness is like zoning. It's a planning category for a piece of geography that limits the kind of activity that can take place there. Wilderness is not wild because government officials say so. If a wilderness is really wild, it is because the critters that choose to live there say so.” San Fransisco Chronicle: http://articles.sfgate.com/2006-10-14/home-and-garden/17316588_1_moose-wilderness-off-road
“It should not be denied... that being footloose has always exhilarated us. It is associated in our minds with escape from history and oppression and law and irksome obligations, with absolute freedom, and the road has always led West.” ― Wallace Stegner (qtd. by Chris McCandles in Into the Wild)
Ansel Adams • 1902- 1984 • Misfit during childhood • Sought solitude and comfort in the outdoors • Began photographing nature when he was 14 years old • 1919 Joined the Sierra Club • 1927 published his first photography portfolio
Canyon de Chelly, Arizona, 1941
Wilderness Act of 1964 • Passed by Lyndon B. Johnson • “The National Wilderness Preservation System, created at the signing of the Wilderness Act, was to contain those lands, already owned by the American people, that were "untrammeled by man." They were to be managed "for the use and enjoyment of the American people in such manner as will leave them unimpaired for future use and enjoyment as wilderness..."
Wilderness Act of 1964 (continued) • The government defined the term wilderness in this act as: "an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain.“ Wilderness.org
Modern Representations of Nature • Car commercials: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rxMkUOBIkN8 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mOCSCxL7Z0Q
Tobacco Advertising 1970
Survivalism • The philosophy that we should be preparing for a catastrophic event that would halt the normal functioning of society and limit the availability of food and survival resources, etc. • Examples: atomic war, anarchy, massive natural disaster
Survivalist terms: • Hunker down: to stay home (and use your arsenal of accumulated materials and food) • Bug out: to evacuate (with your prepared “Bug out bags”)
Video: Emergency blanket http://www.youtube.com/user/ForgeSurvival
30 Uses for a Bandana (examples of survival planning) 1. Signal (also see signal mirror)2. Neck Gaiter for cold weather3. Tourniquet (But for Snake Bites use a Sawyer Extractor)4. Pot Holder5. Collecting Wild Edibles6. Sun block for neck7. Sling (first-aid – also see medical kits for you BOB)8. Sling (as in David and Goliath)9. Sling (for a staff )10. Cordage (strips or as is)11. Washcloth/Towel (Bathe out of a Collapsible Bucket)12. Sweatband13. Waist pack/pouch14. Hobo Pack15. Padding a hotspot 16. Cleaning Patches for Firearm17. Bullet Patches for Muzzleloader18. Gun Wipe Cloth (with oil)19. Toilet Paper20. Mark a Trail21. Dish Rag22. Napkin23. Eye patch24. Pre-water Filter (like Coffee Filters)25. Clean Glasses and other lens26. Ear Muffs27. Bind a stone and toss a line over a limb28. Dust Mask (in Urban Survival)29. Wet and wear for Hot Weather30. Sneezing
Survival Strategies to consider • “Urban survival” • “Wilderness survival”
Survival Groups • Survival Creed • Their motto is: "The well prepared are under no obligation to endanger their own survival to assist those who have refused, for whatever reasons, to provide for their own welfare!" http://groups.yahoo.com/group/SurvivalCreed/
Closing question: How does survivalist preparedness reflect a modern view of the wilderness?