Imagination Unit 3 Theme
Through Grandpa’s Eyes By: Patricia Maclachlan Genre: Realistic Fiction
Word Knowledge • nowhere doorknobs stairway waterfall • blackbird cattail outside riverbank • know no I eye sun son • marigolds violets peonies carnations • spice exercises face replace circle • clay rain awake face chain
Word Knowledge S1. And Maggie lives next door in an old wooden house with rooms. S2. The sun wakes Grandpa differently from the way it wakes me. S3. Then I try to exercise with my eyes closed. S4. An artist can sculpt a face out of clay.
What do these words have in common? • nowhere doorknobs stairway waterfall • blackbird cattail outside riverbank Lines 1 and 2 are compound words 3. Know no I eye sun son Line 3 are homophones. What are the different meanings?
What is the same with these words? • marigolds violets peonies carnations • They are semantically related – they are all names of flowers. • Can you name other flower names to add to our list? • spice exercises face replace circle • They all have the soft sound for the letter c. • The c is usually soft when it is followed by an e, i, or y. • Read this word: cello • The word cello is found in the story and is an exception to the rule.
What is the spelling pattern in the set of words? • clay rain awake face chain • These words are found in the story “Through Grandpa’s Eyes.” • The words all have the long /a/ sound. Long a patterns: a_e ai_ _ay
Long a sound: a_e pattern Magic • rat • can • tam • bon
Long a: ai_ pattern • pain • stain • main • rain Can you think of any other words with the ai_ pattern?
Long a: _ay pattern • play • stay • May • day • Can you think of any other words with the _ay pattern?
carved • The watermelon is _____________ into a shark. What is a synonym for carved?
The puppy likes to burrow into his bed. Burrow: make a snug, warm place deep and narrow like a tunnel. What do you think burrow means?
List as many exercises as you can think of… Ex: running
Bow: a wooden rod with horsehairs stretched from end to end used to play a stringed instrument. • What other instruments have a bow?
imitating • The young boy is _________ his dad. • Imitating: to be or appear like; mimic
sculpture • “Wow! That is an amazing ___________ of a horse. It looks so real!” exclaimed the girl. • Sculpture: statue or art object that’s carved in 3-D (dimensional) • What is a synonym for sculpture?
Vocabulary Practice • Match the vocabulary word with its correct definition. • carved -something used to make music • burrow -to copy • exercises -carefully cut • bow -to get nice and cozy • imitate -what you do to stay healthy
Vocabulary Practice: Sentences carved burrow exercises bow imitate • Jay’s kitten likes to ________________ under the blankets. • Use a _________to play the violin. • The clown will _____________ the horse to make us laugh. • Dad _____________the turkey on Thanksgiving Day. • How many _____________do you do each morning?
carved • burrow • exercises • bow • imitating • sculpture Selection Vocabulary
Prior Knowledge • What do you know about blindness? • How do blind people manage their day-to-day activities? • How might imagination help a blind person with his/her daily activities? • How does imagination help seeing people understand what being blind might be like? • What senses do blind people rely on to help them see the world?
Background Information • The story you are about to read is written by Patricia MacLachlan. She is the author of the award winning book Sarah, Plain, and Tall. • “Through Grandpa’s Eyes” is a realistic fiction story. This means: • The actions and characters seem real, even though they are invented by the author.
Author’s Purpose: • Determine the author’s purpose for writing the text. • This gives readers an idea of what they can expect to find in the text.
Focus Questions: • What are the five senses? • How do you think losing one of the senses might affect the others?
Who uses imagination in this story? • How do they do it? • What does the title have to do with what happens in the story? • What do you think John learns about the way his grandfather sees things?
Reading and Responding (day 3) Meet the Author • Patricia MacLachlan grew up watching the people around her read. How do you think this encouraged her love of reading? • Children learn from their families. If children see their parents read, they are more likely to read themselves. • Many of MacLachlan’s stories reflect her interest in family life. In what way is that shown in “Through Grandpa’s Eyes”? • John’s love for Grandpa; the way that John and his grandfather teach each other things; and the way Nana smiles in her voice.
Grammar: Sensory Adjectives • What are our 5 senses? • see feel smell taste hear • Sensory Adjectives tell how things look, feel, smell, taste, and sound. • What sense is being used for each sensory adjective? • salty • loud • small • bumpy
Sensory Adjectives • What is a sensory adjective? • A sensory adjective tells how things look, feel, smell, taste, and sound.
English Language Conventions Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics • Identify the sensory adjectives: • At the county fair, I petted soft, brown rabbits and ate salty, yellow corn on the cob. • soft, brown, salty, yellow • The rough wood on the banister had sharp splinters. • rough, sharp • The shiny sculpture was covered in wet clay. • shiny, wet
Word Analysis • direction • What is the base word? • direct and direction are part of the samebase word family. • What does direct mean? • to control; to guide • What does direction mean? • guidance; control • Let’s reinforce base word families by doing Spelling Workbook p. 50-51
Day 3-Phonics and Fluency • Sound out the words: • knitted knowing knotted • gnat gnome gnawing • limb numb ghost island • muscle muscular nation national • The strong horse’s body was muscular. • The rat had been gnawing on the cheese. • “That something else,” says Nana smiling, “is the marigolds.”
Day 3-Phonics and Fluency What do lines 1-3 have in common? • knitted knowing knotted • gnat gnome gnawing • limb numb ghost island • They all have short or long vowel sounds. • They have irregular spellings for the /n/, /m/, /g/, and /l/ sound.
Day 3-Phonics and Fluency • What does line 4 have in common? • muscle muscular nation national • Two sets of words are in the same word family. • What part of speech are each of the words? • muscle muscular nation national • noun adjective noun adjective • What rule was followed when muscle became muscular? • Drop the ‘e’ before adding a suffix.
Day 3-Phonics and Fluency • The strong horse’s body was muscular. • The rat had been gnawing on the cheese. • “That something else,” says Nana smiling, “is the marigolds.” • In sentence 1, which word has a short and long vowel sound? • muscular • Find the word in sentence 2 that has silent letters (irregular spelling). • gnawing • Identify the word in sentence 3 that has a silent vowel sound. • else.
Day 3 Third Reading Buddy Read • Author’s Purpose: • explain entertain inform persuade • As you read with your partner answer these questions: • How did Grandpa perform his daily activities without using his vision? • How did Grandpa use his imagination? • How did John use his imagination? • What things did John notice when he closed his eyes?
Word Analysis • sternly • She says it sternly. But grandpa is right. Her voice smiles to me. • What does sternly mean? • harshly said; strictly spoken • Circle the base word in sternly. • stern • What does stern mean? • harsh or strict • What part of speech is stern? ….sternly? • stern = noun sternly = adverb
Language Arts Day 3 • Descriptions and poetry often use sensoryadjectives. • My rough skin Craves the pulsing heat of the sun The soaring birds rest On my sinewy arms My rustling hair Provides comforting shelter What am I? What are the sensory adjectives? rough, pulsing, soaring, sinewy, rustling, and comforting Who knows the answer to the poem? Tree • Let’s practice using descriptive words in our Comprehension Workbook p. 60-61
Developing Oral Language Day 4: • Sound out the words: • knitted knowing knotted • gnat gnome gnawing • limb numb ghost island • muscle muscular nation national • The strong horse’s body was muscular. • The rat had been gnawing on the cheese. • “That something else,” says Nana smiling, “is the marigolds.”
Developing Oral Language • knitted knowing knotted • gnat gnome gnawing • limb numb ghost island • muscle muscular nation national • Say the word, circle it, and then use the word in a sentence. • Who can extend the sentence by adding to the beginning, end, or by adding adjectives or adverbs?
Day 4: Fourth Reading Popcorn Read: Literary Elements • What is point of view? • It is revealed by the person telling the story. • Look for clues that tell who the storyteller might be. Circle the words in the sentence that are clues and tell who the storyteller is. • “Of all the houses that I know, I like my grandpa’s best.” • John • “Where’s Nana?” • John • “Close your eyes, John, and look through my eyes.” • Grandpa • “Two eggs, at nine o’clock and toast at two o’clock…” • Nana
Reading Response 1. How does John’s grandpa see things? 2. How is John able to see things through his grandpa’s eyes? 3. This story shows a special friendship between John and his grandpa. What other stories have you read about special friendships? 4. Have you ever tried to feel what someone else was feeling? How did you do it? 5. What does “Through Grandpa’s Eyes” tell us about imagination?
Word Analysis • Read:play • Can you think of words that would be in the same base word family as play? • playful, playing, player, players, playfulness